corticosteroid

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noun cor·ti·co·ste·roid \ˌkȯr-ti-kō-ˈstir-ˌȯid also -ˈster-\

Definition of corticosteroid

  1. :  any of various steroid hormones (such as cortisol, cortisone, or aldosterone) that are produced by the adrenal cortex (see cortex 1(a)1) from cholesterol; also :  any of various synthetic derivatives (such as prednisone or dexamethasone) of these steroid hormones that are used as drugs Corticosteroids are classified according to their physiological activity as glucocorticoids, which chiefly regulate carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism, and mineralocorticoids, which chiefly regulate electrolyte and fluid balance in the body. Androgens (such as androstenedione) are also produced by the adrenal cortex and are sometimes classified as corticosteroids.

1944

First Known Use of corticosteroid

1944


Medical Dictionary

corticosteroid

play
noun cor·ti·co·ste·roid \ˌkȯrt-i-kō-ˈsti(ə)r-ˌȯid also -ˈste(ə)r-\

Medical Definition of corticosteroid

  1. :  any of various adrenal-cortex steroids (as corticosterone, cortisone, and aldosterone) that are divided on the basis of their major biological activity into glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids


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