con·​sist | \ kən-ˈsist How to pronounce consist (audio) \
consisted; consisting; consists

Definition of consist

 (Entry 1 of 2)

intransitive verb

1 : lie, reside usually used with inLiberty consists in the absence of obstructions …— A. E. Housman"In her consists my happiness … "— William Shakespeare
2 archaic
a : exist, be
b : to be capable of existing
3 : to be composed or made up usually used with ofBreakfast consisted of cereal, milk, and fruit.The team consists of five players.
4 : to be consistent it consists with the facts


con·​sist | \ ˈkän-ˌsist How to pronounce consist (audio) \

Definition of consist (Entry 2 of 2)

: makeup or composition (as of coal sizes or a railroad train) by classes, types, or grades and arrangement

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Examples of consist in a Sentence

Verb that account consists with the information in the other reports
Recent Examples on the Web: Verb In its first year, participation in the Medina County Fair by 4-H consisted of a few standing displays. Mary Jane Brewer, cleveland, "Medina County 4-H celebrates 100 years," 15 Nov. 2019 For now, CarbonCure’s technology, which requires a small retrofit consisting of a computer system, a tank to store the carbon dioxide, and a tube to pump it into the concrete mix, is now installed in nearly 150 concrete plants across North America. Marcello Rossi, Quartz, "Scientists are taking concrete steps towards reducing cement’s massive carbon footprint," 15 Nov. 2019 Now a panel consisting of legal experts, civil rights workers, and law enforcement specialists have been selected to review the police department responsible for her death. Tanya A. Christian, Essence, "Panelists Selected To Review The Police Department Responsible For Atatiana Jefferson’s Death," 14 Nov. 2019 Get our daily newsletter Last month Huarong, a firm that handles non-performing loans, put 610m yuan ($87m) of China Nuclear Engineering Construction’s assets up for sale, consisting of property in the province of Anhui. The Economist, "Some Chinese firms turn out to have lied about their state pedigree," 14 Nov. 2019 The equitation competition consisted of three rounds. Mary Grace Keller,, "Taneytown teen, lifelong equestrian, wins big at Washington horse show," 14 Nov. 2019 As for the nominees, Maren Morris leads the pack with six nods, with Brothers Osborne (consisting of brothers T.J. Osborne and John Osborne) close behind with four nominations. Jeff Nelson,, "CMAs 2019: Check Out the Complete Winners List!," 13 Nov. 2019 The real debate in the second rankings came from which teams immediately followed the Tigers and Buckeyes, a group consisting of Clemson, Alabama, Georgia, Oregon, Utah and Minnesota. Paul Myerberg, USA TODAY, "Winners and losers in second College Football Playoff rankings include LSU and Alabama," 12 Nov. 2019 Village President Alice Gallagher said a joint review board consisting of herself, a public representative and a park district representative, approved going ahead with the north TIF plan. Diane Dachota,, "Western Springs study finds north downtown TIF district meets criteria," 12 Nov. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Although only $700,000 is state funding, another $2.1 million consists of federal funds through matching grants from the National Endowment for the Arts and private foundation support. USA TODAY, "Titanic auction, Legos, mighty Mississippi: News from around our 50 states," 22 July 2019 The collective consists of four young and versatile performer-composer new-music Trekkies who cross genres with the graceful ease of the USS Enterprise traversing galaxies. Los Angeles Times, "Review: Musicians turn the Big Dipper into an ‘interstellar cantata,’ with help from NASA," 11 Sep. 2019 Great things come from our luncheon meetings, which consist of a sandwich, a cup of soup, and a good idea or two. Polina Marinova, Fortune, "Secretive Defense Tech Startup Anduril Reaches Unicorn Status: Term Sheet," 12 Sep. 2019 Western medicine so far has found no evidence that pangolin scales, which consist of keratin, the same material that makes up fingernails, hair, and rhino horn, have any physiological effects on humans. Paul Hilton, National Geographic, "Poaching is sending the shy, elusive pangolin to its doom," 17 June 2019 Lake Erie, specifically, has battled with toxic algae blooms, which consist of cyanobacteria rather than plankton, and can taint drinking water. Tony Briscoe,, "There’s a giant dead zone in the Gulf of Mexico — thanks in large part to pollution from Chicago," 14 June 2019 Instead, they are almost always found in groups of three in particles known as baryons—including the proton and neutron—or in pairs called mesons, which consist of a quark and an antimatter quark. Adrian Cho, Science | AAAS, "Exotic particles called pentaquarks may be less weird than previously thought," 5 June 2019 These are the kinds of equations — like y = 2x − 3 and y = x2 + 5x + 6 — that consist of variables raised to some power with coefficients in front. Quanta Magazine, "In the Universe of Equations, Virtually All Are Prime," 10 Dec. 2018 The women’s top five consists of Colorado, New Mexico, Washington, Michigan and Stanford., "Washington Huskies are ranked ahead of the Oregon Ducks in the national cross country polls," 28 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'consist.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of consist


1526, in the meaning defined at sense 1


1898, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for consist

Verb and Noun

Middle French & Latin; Middle French consister, from Latin consistere, literally, to stop, stand still, from com- + sistere to take a stand; akin to Latin stare to stand — more at stand

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Time Traveler for consist

Time Traveler

The first known use of consist was in 1526

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Statistics for consist

Last Updated

21 Nov 2019

Cite this Entry

“Consist.” The Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., Accessed 21 November 2019.

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More Definitions for consist


con·​sist | \ kən-ˈsist How to pronounce consist (audio) \
consisted; consisting

Kids Definition of consist

: to be made up or composed Coal consists mostly of carbon.

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More from Merriam-Webster on consist

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for consist

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with consist

Spanish Central: Translation of consist

Nglish: Translation of consist for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of consist for Arabic Speakers

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