con·​sist | \ kən-ˈsist How to pronounce consist (audio) \
consisted; consisting; consists

Definition of consist

 (Entry 1 of 2)

intransitive verb

1 : lie, reside usually used with inLiberty consists in the absence of obstructions …— A. E. Housman"In her consists my happiness … "— William Shakespeare
2 archaic
a : exist, be
b : to be capable of existing
3 : to be composed or made up usually used with ofBreakfast consisted of cereal, milk, and fruit.The team consists of five players.
4 : to be consistent it consists with the facts


con·​sist | \ ˈkän-ˌsist How to pronounce consist (audio) \

Definition of consist (Entry 2 of 2)

: makeup or composition (as of coal sizes or a railroad train) by classes, types, or grades and arrangement

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Examples of consist in a Sentence

Verb that account consists with the information in the other reports
Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Honor Rows award recipients were selected and approved by a committee consisting of staff from the Baltimore Ravens, M&T Bank, and the Governor’s Office on Service and Volunteerism. Mary Grace Keller,, "Local Boy Scouts, Hampstead food pantry recognized by Governor’s Office on Service & Volunteerism, will be honored at Ravens game," 17 Sep. 2019 Another development was the creation of an advisory committee consisting of neighborhood activists. al, "At long last, Mobile’s ‘transformative’ Broad Street project to start," 16 Sep. 2019 The main roads had by now been cleared, and cars drove along them. Air-traffic control consisted of one person on the ground with a radio, and Hussain had to navigate our landing by sight. Emily Witt, The New Yorker, "A Haphazard Recovery in the Bahamas," 16 Sep. 2019 The player’s goal was to guide Mario across four levels, or boards, each a single screen consisting of platforms and obstacles like rolling barrels, fireballs, gaps in floors, ladders, and lifts. David L. Craddock, Ars Technica, "How a basement hacker transformed Donkey Kong for the Atari 2600," 14 Sep. 2019 These nucleotides are the four building blocks of life, marked with letters A, C, G, and T. Binary sequences consisting of 0s and 1s are then translated into these four letters. David Grossman, Popular Mechanics, "The Entirety of YouTube Could Fit on a Teaspoon," 13 Sep. 2019 In 2018, California passed SB 1045, which provides for the formation of a 5-year pilot program consisting of bolstered conservatorship policies in San Francisco and Los Angeles. Johnny Khamis, The Mercury News, "Opinion: Santa Clara County can do more to help solve root causes of homelessness," 13 Sep. 2019 The Hall of Fame will have a special Centennial Class for the NFL’s 100th season consisting of five modern-era players, 10 seniors, three contributors and two coaches. Colleen Kane,, "Former Bears Lance Briggs and Olin Kreutz are among 122 modern-era nominees for the Hall of Fame," 12 Sep. 2019 The evidence against her consisted of a collection of social-media posts. The Economist, "The Turkish rappers who rib the regime," 12 Sep. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Although only $700,000 is state funding, another $2.1 million consists of federal funds through matching grants from the National Endowment for the Arts and private foundation support. USA TODAY, "Titanic auction, Legos, mighty Mississippi: News from around our 50 states," 22 July 2019 The collective consists of four young and versatile performer-composer new-music Trekkies who cross genres with the graceful ease of the USS Enterprise traversing galaxies. Los Angeles Times, "Review: Musicians turn the Big Dipper into an ‘interstellar cantata,’ with help from NASA," 11 Sep. 2019 Great things come from our luncheon meetings, which consist of a sandwich, a cup of soup, and a good idea or two. Polina Marinova, Fortune, "Secretive Defense Tech Startup Anduril Reaches Unicorn Status: Term Sheet," 12 Sep. 2019 Western medicine so far has found no evidence that pangolin scales, which consist of keratin, the same material that makes up fingernails, hair, and rhino horn, have any physiological effects on humans. Paul Hilton, National Geographic, "Poaching is sending the shy, elusive pangolin to its doom," 17 June 2019 Lake Erie, specifically, has battled with toxic algae blooms, which consist of cyanobacteria rather than plankton, and can taint drinking water. Tony Briscoe,, "There’s a giant dead zone in the Gulf of Mexico — thanks in large part to pollution from Chicago," 14 June 2019 Instead, they are almost always found in groups of three in particles known as baryons—including the proton and neutron—or in pairs called mesons, which consist of a quark and an antimatter quark. Adrian Cho, Science | AAAS, "Exotic particles called pentaquarks may be less weird than previously thought," 5 June 2019 These are the kinds of equations — like y = 2x − 3 and y = x2 + 5x + 6 — that consist of variables raised to some power with coefficients in front. Quanta Magazine, "In the Universe of Equations, Virtually All Are Prime," 10 Dec. 2018 The women’s top five consists of Colorado, New Mexico, Washington, Michigan and Stanford., "Washington Huskies are ranked ahead of the Oregon Ducks in the national cross country polls," 28 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'consist.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of consist


1526, in the meaning defined at sense 1


1898, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for consist

Verb and Noun

Middle French & Latin; Middle French consister, from Latin consistere, literally, to stop, stand still, from com- + sistere to take a stand; akin to Latin stare to stand — more at stand

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Statistics for consist

Last Updated

24 Oct 2019

Time Traveler for consist

The first known use of consist was in 1526

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More Definitions for consist


con·​sist | \ kən-ˈsist How to pronounce consist (audio) \
consisted; consisting

Kids Definition of consist

: to be made up or composed Coal consists mostly of carbon.

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More from Merriam-Webster on consist

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for consist

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with consist

Spanish Central: Translation of consist

Nglish: Translation of consist for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of consist for Arabic Speakers

Comments on consist

What made you want to look up consist? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


to speed up the process or progress of

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