compensate

verb
com·​pen·​sate | \ ˈkäm-pən-ˌsāt How to pronounce compensate (audio) , -ˌpen-\
compensated; compensating

Definition of compensate

transitive verb

1 : to be equivalent to : counterbalance Her virtues compensate her faults.
2 : to make an appropriate and usually counterbalancing payment to compensate the victims for their loss
3a : to provide with means of counteracting variation compensate a magnetic needle
b : to neutralize the effect of (variations)

intransitive verb

1 : to supply an equivalent used with for compensate for his feelings of loneliness by assertions of superiority.— W. H. Auden
2 : to offset an error, defect, or undesired effect his enthusiasm compensates for his lack of skill
3 : to undergo or engage in psychological or physiological compensation His aggression was an attempt to compensate for inherent passivity.

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Other Words from compensate

compensative \ ˈkäm-​pən-​ˌsā-​tiv How to pronounce compensative (audio) , -​ˌpen-​ ; kəm-​ˈpen(t)-​sə-​ How to pronounce compensative (audio) \ adjective
compensator \ ˈkäm-​pən-​ˌsā-​tər How to pronounce compensator (audio) , -​ˌpen-​ \ noun
compensatory \ kəm-​ˈpen(t)-​sə-​ˌtȯr-​ē How to pronounce compensatory (audio) \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for compensate

pay, compensate, remunerate, satisfy, reimburse, indemnify, repay, recompense mean to give money or its equivalent in return for something. pay implies the discharge of an obligation incurred. paid their bills compensate implies a making up for services rendered. an attorney well compensated for her services remunerate clearly suggests paying for services rendered and may extend to payment that is generous or not contracted for. promised to remunerate the searchers handsomely satisfy implies paying a person what is required by law. all creditors will be satisfied in full reimburse implies a return of money that has been spent for another's benefit. reimbursed employees for expenses indemnify implies making good a loss suffered through accident, disaster, warfare. indemnified the families of the dead miners repay stresses paying back an equivalent in kind or amount. repay a favor with a favor recompense suggests due return in amends, friendly repayment, or reward. passengers were recompensed for the delay

Examples of compensate in a Sentence

His enthusiasm compensates for his lack of skill. The price of the item has been reduced to compensate for a defect. compensate workers for their labor She was not compensated for the damage done to her car.
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Recent Examples on the Web

The state had requested billions to compensate for damages caused by the deaths of more than 4,000 state residents from opioid abuse over the past 20 years. CBS News, "Judge orders Johnson & Johnson to pay Oklahoma $572 million for fueling state's opioid crisis," 27 Aug. 2019 Under the Clean Water Act, all mining companies have to perform offsetting mitigation measures to compensate for the loss of or adverse effects on aquatic resources or habitat. Elizabeth Earl, Anchorage Daily News, "Partnership mines old gold while reclaiming the Fortymile River for fish," 21 Aug. 2019 She was compensated with a Lavoisier Medal, an award DuPont gives to employees for outstanding contributions. Dan Samorodnitsky, Smithsonian, "You Can Thank Chemist Stephanie Kwolek for Bulletproof Vests and Yoga Pants," 21 Aug. 2019 Correctional officers who worked in a special unit inside the New York City jail that housed Jeffrey Epstein -- before his apparent suicide -- had worked extreme overtime shifts to compensate for staffing shortages, according to reports Sunday. Fox News, "Guards in Jeffrey Epstein's jail unit were working substantial overtime shifts before his death, reports say," 12 Aug. 2019 Boeing had installed the system to compensate for larger engines positioned farther forward on the wing. Chris Woodyard, USA TODAY, "Boeing 737 Max crash: Did pilots have enough flight training to fly commercial jets?," 6 July 2019 Boeing is expected to find ways to compensate airlines hurt by the Max grounding. Jordan Valinsky, CNN, "Southwest Airlines extends flight cancellations through September 2 because of Boeing 737 Max grounding," 13 June 2019 Essentially, scientists can measure the effect of the atmosphere on light from distant objects and maneuver parts of the telescope’s optics to compensate for some of the atmospheric blurring. Chris Lee, Ars Technica, "Galaxy mergers hide ravenous supermassive black holes," 14 Nov. 2018 In 2001, Congress created a fund to compensate those victims and their families, which closed in 2003. Caroline Lester, The New Yorker, "The Continuing Legacy of 9/11," 11 Sep. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'compensate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of compensate

1646, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for compensate

Latin compensatus, past participle of compensare, frequentative of compendere — see compendium

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Statistics for compensate

Last Updated

17 Oct 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for compensate

The first known use of compensate was in 1646

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More Definitions for compensate

compensate

verb

English Language Learners Definition of compensate

somewhat formal
: to provide something good as a balance against something bad or undesirable : to make up for some defect or weakness
: to give money or something else of value to (someone) in return for something (such as work) or as payment for something lost, damaged, etc.

compensate

verb
com·​pen·​sate | \ ˈkäm-pən-ˌsāt How to pronounce compensate (audio) \
compensated; compensating

Kids Definition of compensate

1 : to make up for The Captain … compensating for the tremor in his hands, slowly lifted his own cup …— Katherine Paterson, Jacob Have I Loved
2 : to give money to make up for something The factory will compensate an injured worker.

compensate

verb
com·​pen·​sate | \ ˈkäm-pən-ˌsāt, -ˌpen- How to pronounce compensate (audio) \
compensated; compensating

Medical Definition of compensate

transitive verb

: to subject to or remedy by physiological compensation compensated hypertensive patients

intransitive verb

: to undergo, experience, or engage in psychological or physiological compensation his aggression was an attempt to compensate for inherent passivity

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compensate

transitive verb
com·​pen·​sate | \ ˈkäm-pən-ˌsāt, -ˌpen- How to pronounce compensate (audio) \
compensated; compensating

Legal Definition of compensate

: to make an appropriate and usually counterbalancing payment to compensate the victims for their injuries adequately compensated for her work

Other Words from compensate

compensatory \ kəm-​ˈpen-​sə-​ˌtōr-​ē How to pronounce compensatory (audio) \ adjective

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Comments on compensate

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