compensate

verb
com·​pen·​sate | \ ˈkäm-pən-ˌsāt How to pronounce compensate (audio) , -ˌpen- \
compensated; compensating

Definition of compensate

transitive verb

1 : to be equivalent to : counterbalance Her virtues compensate her faults.
2 : to make an appropriate and usually counterbalancing payment to compensate the victims for their loss
3a : to provide with means of counteracting variation compensate a magnetic needle
b : to neutralize the effect of (variations)

intransitive verb

1 : to supply an equivalent used with forcompensate for his feelings of loneliness by assertions of superiority.— W. H. Auden
2 : to offset an error, defect, or undesired effect his enthusiasm compensates for his lack of skill
3 : to undergo or engage in psychological or physiological compensation His aggression was an attempt to compensate for inherent passivity.

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Other Words from compensate

compensative \ ˈkäm-​pən-​ˌsā-​tiv How to pronounce compensative (audio) , -​ˌpen-​ ; kəm-​ˈpen(t)-​sə-​ How to pronounce compensative (audio) \ adjective
compensator \ ˈkäm-​pən-​ˌsā-​tər How to pronounce compensator (audio) , -​ˌpen-​ \ noun
compensatory \ kəm-​ˈpen(t)-​sə-​ˌtȯr-​ē How to pronounce compensatory (audio) \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for compensate

pay, compensate, remunerate, satisfy, reimburse, indemnify, repay, recompense mean to give money or its equivalent in return for something. pay implies the discharge of an obligation incurred. paid their bills compensate implies a making up for services rendered. an attorney well compensated for her services remunerate clearly suggests paying for services rendered and may extend to payment that is generous or not contracted for. promised to remunerate the searchers handsomely satisfy implies paying a person what is required by law. all creditors will be satisfied in full reimburse implies a return of money that has been spent for another's benefit. reimbursed employees for expenses indemnify implies making good a loss suffered through accident, disaster, warfare. indemnified the families of the dead miners repay stresses paying back an equivalent in kind or amount. repay a favor with a favor recompense suggests due return in amends, friendly repayment, or reward. passengers were recompensed for the delay

Examples of compensate in a Sentence

His enthusiasm compensates for his lack of skill. The price of the item has been reduced to compensate for a defect. compensate workers for their labor She was not compensated for the damage done to her car.
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Recent Examples on the Web The work has suffered delays, which the company blames on the pandemic and the need to compensate property owners, reports the Concord Times, a local newspaper. The Economist, "The debt toll The poorest countries may owe less to China than first thought," 4 July 2020 When employers cut hours, the state pays jobless benefits to compensate for reduced wages. oregonlive, "Thousands of furloughed Oregon educators have been waiting weeks for their Work Share benefits," 25 June 2020 To compensate for the hundreds of parking spaces lost to green space, phase one also will include a parking structure at the north end of the Community Park. Sharon Grigsby, Dallas News, "Decades after Dallas stole African American homes, master plan for a better Fair Park gets OK," 22 June 2020 The Home Office set up a scheme in 2019 to compensate victims of the Windrush scandal. Billy Perrigo, Time, "Britain Celebrates 'Windrush Day' Amid Broader Reckoning on Race," 22 June 2020 Instead, the Stockton Unified School District paid $125,000 to compensate his family after the officer cuffed and cited the little boy. Jill Tucker, SFChronicle.com, "Movement to sever ties with school police builds cross California," 21 June 2020 When colonial slavery was abolished in 1833, the British government paid £20 million ($25 million) to compensate slave owners, while the enslaved received nothing. Hanna Ziady, CNN, "Bank of England joins British companies in apologizing for slavery," 19 June 2020 In 1994, the Florida state legislature voted to pay $1.5 million in reparations to be divided among at least 11 survivors of the massacre to compensate them for loss of property. National Geographic, "Remembering ‘Red Summer,’ when white mobs massacred Blacks from Tulsa to D.C.," 19 June 2020 If Trump is allowed to terminate the program, Wells Fargo will no longer be required to offer credit to former participants, but must still compensate them for past denials of credit, said Michael Litrownik, a lawyer for the plaintiffs. Bob Egelko, SFChronicle.com, "Wells Fargo settles lawsuit over denying DACA participants loans and credit cards," 17 June 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'compensate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of compensate

1646, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for compensate

Latin compensatus, past participle of compensare, frequentative of compendere — see compendium

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Time Traveler for compensate

Time Traveler

The first known use of compensate was in 1646

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Statistics for compensate

Last Updated

6 Jul 2020

Cite this Entry

“Compensate.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/compensate. Accessed 13 Jul. 2020.

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More Definitions for compensate

compensate

verb
How to pronounce compensate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of compensate

somewhat formal
: to provide something good as a balance against something bad or undesirable : to make up for some defect or weakness
: to give money or something else of value to (someone) in return for something (such as work) or as payment for something lost, damaged, etc.

compensate

verb
com·​pen·​sate | \ ˈkäm-pən-ˌsāt How to pronounce compensate (audio) \
compensated; compensating

Kids Definition of compensate

1 : to make up for The Captain … compensating for the tremor in his hands, slowly lifted his own cup …— Katherine Paterson, Jacob Have I Loved
2 : to give money to make up for something The factory will compensate an injured worker.

compensate

verb
com·​pen·​sate | \ ˈkäm-pən-ˌsāt, -ˌpen- How to pronounce compensate (audio) \
compensated; compensating

Medical Definition of compensate

transitive verb

: to subject to or remedy by physiological compensation compensated hypertensive patients

intransitive verb

: to undergo, experience, or engage in psychological or physiological compensation his aggression was an attempt to compensate for inherent passivity

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compensate

transitive verb
com·​pen·​sate | \ ˈkäm-pən-ˌsāt, -ˌpen- How to pronounce compensate (audio) \
compensated; compensating

Legal Definition of compensate

: to make an appropriate and usually counterbalancing payment to compensate the victims for their injuries adequately compensated for her work

Other Words from compensate

compensatory \ kəm-​ˈpen-​sə-​ˌtōr-​ē How to pronounce compensatory (audio) \ adjective

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Comments on compensate

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