compensate

verb
com·​pen·​sate | \ ˈkäm-pən-ˌsāt How to pronounce compensate (audio) , -ˌpen-\
compensated; compensating

Definition of compensate

transitive verb

1 : to be equivalent to : counterbalance Her virtues compensate her faults.
2 : to make an appropriate and usually counterbalancing payment to compensate the victims for their loss
3a : to provide with means of counteracting variation compensate a magnetic needle
b : to neutralize the effect of (variations)

intransitive verb

1 : to supply an equivalent used with forcompensate for his feelings of loneliness by assertions of superiority.— W. H. Auden
2 : to offset an error, defect, or undesired effect his enthusiasm compensates for his lack of skill
3 : to undergo or engage in psychological or physiological compensation His aggression was an attempt to compensate for inherent passivity.

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Other Words from compensate

compensative \ ˈkäm-​pən-​ˌsā-​tiv How to pronounce compensative (audio) , -​ˌpen-​ ; kəm-​ˈpen(t)-​sə-​ How to pronounce compensative (audio) \ adjective
compensator \ ˈkäm-​pən-​ˌsā-​tər How to pronounce compensator (audio) , -​ˌpen-​ \ noun
compensatory \ kəm-​ˈpen(t)-​sə-​ˌtȯr-​ē How to pronounce compensatory (audio) \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for compensate

pay, compensate, remunerate, satisfy, reimburse, indemnify, repay, recompense mean to give money or its equivalent in return for something. pay implies the discharge of an obligation incurred. paid their bills compensate implies a making up for services rendered. an attorney well compensated for her services remunerate clearly suggests paying for services rendered and may extend to payment that is generous or not contracted for. promised to remunerate the searchers handsomely satisfy implies paying a person what is required by law. all creditors will be satisfied in full reimburse implies a return of money that has been spent for another's benefit. reimbursed employees for expenses indemnify implies making good a loss suffered through accident, disaster, warfare. indemnified the families of the dead miners repay stresses paying back an equivalent in kind or amount. repay a favor with a favor recompense suggests due return in amends, friendly repayment, or reward. passengers were recompensed for the delay

Examples of compensate in a Sentence

His enthusiasm compensates for his lack of skill. The price of the item has been reduced to compensate for a defect. compensate workers for their labor She was not compensated for the damage done to her car.
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Recent Examples on the Web The Texans had to compensate by keeping extra blockers in. Gary Gramling, SI.com, "Do Not Embrace the Tank, the Patriots Are Not Magical, Who’s Playing in Super Bowl 54," 8 Sep. 2019 Sometimes data designers try to compensate for a lack of specified uncertainty by choosing a technique that implies a level of imprecision but does not quantify it. Jessica Hullman, Scientific American, "How to Get Better at Embracing Unknowns," 3 Sep. 2019 Along with another former wide receiver, Jafar Armstrong, Williams has been flexed out during practices as offensive coordinator Chip Long seeks ways to compensate for the injury setback to Michael Young. Mike Berardino, Indianapolis Star, "5 Notre Dame football freshman who might break out in 2019," 24 Aug. 2019 Even the best fishery management reforms will be unable to compensate for the 4 degree Celsius ocean temperature increase that scientists project will occur by the end of this century if greenhouse gas emissions are not reduced. Chris Free, The Conversation, "Ocean warming has fisheries on the move, helping some but hurting more," 19 Aug. 2019 What the Heat most could use is rebounding from Leonard, with someone having to compensate for the boards lost with the trade of Hassan Whiteside. Ira Winderman, sun-sentinel.com, "ASK IRA: Will Meyers Leonard be part of the Heat’s rotation?," 1 Aug. 2019 Another $425 million is set aside to compensate victims who took concrete financial losses as a direct result of the hack. David Z. Morris, Fortune, "Equifax Data Breach Victims Drained Its $31 Million Settlement Fund in a Week," 31 July 2019 Part of the problem is that FC Cincinnati's had to compensate for its defense, which has bled goals. Pat Brennan, Cincinnati.com, "FC Cincinnati's offense: Why can't they score more?," 23 July 2019 The city has fought against tightening the caps on the grounds that revenues fluctuate wildly under different economic conditions and the years of big revenue growth are needed to compensate for slow periods when revenues drop. Gilbert Garcia, ExpressNews.com, "Legislative session provided San Antonio some big wins," 7 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'compensate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of compensate

1646, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for compensate

Latin compensatus, past participle of compensare, frequentative of compendere — see compendium

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Statistics for compensate

Last Updated

31 Oct 2019

Time Traveler for compensate

The first known use of compensate was in 1646

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More Definitions for compensate

compensate

verb
How to pronounce compensate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of compensate

somewhat formal
: to provide something good as a balance against something bad or undesirable : to make up for some defect or weakness
: to give money or something else of value to (someone) in return for something (such as work) or as payment for something lost, damaged, etc.

compensate

verb
com·​pen·​sate | \ ˈkäm-pən-ˌsāt How to pronounce compensate (audio) \
compensated; compensating

Kids Definition of compensate

1 : to make up for The Captain … compensating for the tremor in his hands, slowly lifted his own cup …— Katherine Paterson, Jacob Have I Loved
2 : to give money to make up for something The factory will compensate an injured worker.

compensate

verb
com·​pen·​sate | \ ˈkäm-pən-ˌsāt, -ˌpen- How to pronounce compensate (audio) \
compensated; compensating

Medical Definition of compensate

transitive verb

: to subject to or remedy by physiological compensation compensated hypertensive patients

intransitive verb

: to undergo, experience, or engage in psychological or physiological compensation his aggression was an attempt to compensate for inherent passivity

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compensate

transitive verb
com·​pen·​sate | \ ˈkäm-pən-ˌsāt, -ˌpen- How to pronounce compensate (audio) \
compensated; compensating

Legal Definition of compensate

: to make an appropriate and usually counterbalancing payment to compensate the victims for their injuries adequately compensated for her work

Other Words from compensate

compensatory \ kəm-​ˈpen-​sə-​ˌtōr-​ē How to pronounce compensatory (audio) \ adjective

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Comments on compensate

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