circuit

noun, often attributive
cir·​cuit | \ ˈsər-kət \

Definition of circuit

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : a usually circular line encompassing an area a swamp about 10 miles in circuit
b : the space enclosed within such a line the circuit of the duke's land
2a : a course around a periphery the periodic circuit of the Earth around the Sun
b : a circuitous or indirect route The damaged bridge forced him to take a long circuit to his destination.
3a : a regular tour (as by a traveling judge or preacher) around an assigned district or territory The preacher ministered to each congregation in his circuit.
b : the route traveled His circuit took him to many towns in the county.
c : a group of church congregations ministered to by one pastor
4a : the complete path of an electric current including usually the source of electric energy
b : an assemblage of electronic elements : hookup
c : a two-way communication path between points (as in a computer)
d : a neuronal pathway of the brain along which electrical and chemical signals travel
5a : an association of similar groups : league
b : a number or series of public outlets (such as theaters, radio shows, or arenas) offering the same kind of presentation He loved competing on the rodeo circuit. She rose through the theater circuit to become a big-time entertainer.
c : a number of similar social gatherings the cocktail circuit

circuit

verb
circuited; circuiting; circuits

Definition of circuit (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

: to make a circuit about a route that circuits the Back Bay section of the city

intransitive verb

: to make a circuit Potential buyers circuited around the boatyard.

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Other Words from circuit

Noun

circuital \ ˈsər-​kə-​tᵊl \ adjective

Examples of circuit in a Sentence

Noun

It takes a year for the Earth to make one circuit around the sun.

Verb

after circuiting the exterior of the church, the procession headed inside

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

In the early years of Kentucky Speedway, bumps made the 1.5-mile track notorious among NASCAR circuits. Jason Hoffman, Cincinnati.com, "Martin Truex Jr. returns to Kentucky Speedway as defending race, series champion," 11 July 2018 This isn't the first time the two have engaged in PDA during the 2019 award season circuit. Nicole Saunders, Harper's BAZAAR, "Lady Gaga and Her Fiancé Were the Actual Definition of #CoupleGoals at the 2019 SAG Awards," 28 Jan. 2019 The latest cast member to hit the interview circuit is Lena Headey, who plays the vicious, love-to-hate fan favorite Cersei Lannister. Kayleigh Roberts, Marie Claire, "Lena Headey Talks Filming the Final Season of 'Game of Thrones' and What She Wants for Cersei Lannister," 26 Jan. 2019 The biannual show circuit feels like a circus, to be sure. Laird Borrelli-persson, Vogue, "Fashion Loves a Clown: Here, 24 Big Top Looks That Prove It From Dior Haute Couture to Alexander McQueen," 21 Jan. 2019 Making clean audio depends a lot of getting noise-free power, so EVGA uses AudioNote capacitors and resistors in the card as well as a Texas Instrument power-regulation circuit. Gordon Mah Ung, PCWorld, "EVGA gets into sound cards with Nu Audio, a high-end board that delivers 'lifelike' gaming," 8 Jan. 2019 And Kaokoland—its spectacular outback—is for those who want to savor remotest Africa, far from safari circuits and game parks. Stanley Stewart, Condé Nast Traveler, "Going Off-Grid in Namibia," 21 Dec. 2018 People used to talk about the Georgetown cocktail circuit. Eric Johnson, Recode, "Full Q&A: Ezra Klein and Kara Swisher on the future of journalism," 12 Dec. 2018 Incorporate a few of these dumbbell butt exercises into your usual routine, or pick four or five to create your own circuit. Amy Marturana, SELF, "17 Dumbbell Exercises That Work Your Butt," 6 Jan. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

As commander in chief, Trump immediately complicated the military’s case against Golsteyn, raising questions of undue command influence, as well as the possibility that the prosecution is bound to be short-circuited by a pardon. Taimoor Shah, The Seattle Times, "Trump to ‘review’ case of Green Beret accused of murdering Afghan," 16 Dec. 2018 The evening ends with similar impact, as the full company’s arcing paths of running dancers circuit the stage, at times suggesting a whirlpool, before looping out as a whiplash of punctuation. Robert Greskovic, WSJ, "‘The Six Brandenburg Concertos’ Review: Falling Short of Bach," 5 Oct. 2018 And then literally short-circuiting an acquisition. Eric Johnson, Recode, "Why Snap will get acquired before 2020, probably by Amazon," 28 Sep. 2018 Walker followed with a walk, but Clevinger got Miguel Andujar to ground into a double play and struck out Tyler Austin, short-circuiting the only threat against him until the eighth. Pete Caldera, USA TODAY, "Gleyber Torres hits walk-off three-run homer to help Yankees sweep Indians," 6 May 2018 John mentioned some of them Judge Brett Kavanaugh, D.C. circuit U.S. Court of Appeals here in Washington. Fox News, "Leonard Leo on replacement options for Justice Kennedy," 28 June 2018 Warped legislative maps short-circuit the nation’s democratic process by creating legislatures that don’t quite reflect the voters’ collective will. Matt Ford, The New Republic, "The Consequences of the Supreme Court’s Punt on Gerrymandering," 18 June 2018 The awards circuit red carpet in recent years has been overrun with cis actors who play trans characters, are celebrated and honored for it, and move on to the next role while those who actually live as transgender can be bullied, beaten, or killed. Ty Burr, BostonGlobe.com, "Who gets to play transgender roles?," 12 July 2018 With the Nike, Adidas and Under Armour AAU circuits all hosting marquee events this week, expect new targets to emerge though. Jon Hale, The Courier-Journal, "5 recruits who might earn a Kentucky basketball offer in July," 11 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'circuit.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of circuit

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense

History and Etymology for circuit

Noun and Verb

Middle English, from Middle French & Latin; Middle French circuite, from Latin circuitus, from circumire, circuire to go around, from circum- + ire to go — more at issue entry 1

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Statistics for circuit

Last Updated

16 Feb 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for circuit

The first known use of circuit was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for circuit

circuit

noun

English Language Learners Definition of circuit

: a series of performances, sports events, lectures, etc., that are held or done at many different places
: a path or trip around something
: the complete path that an electric current travels along

circuit

noun
cir·​cuit | \ ˈsər-kət \

Kids Definition of circuit

1 : a boundary line around an area
2 : an enclosed space
3 : movement around something The earth makes a circuit around the sun.
4 : a regular tour of service (as by a judge) around an assigned territory : a course so traveled
5 : a series of performances, competitions, or appearances held at many different places the pro tennis circuit
6 : the complete path of an electric current
7 : a group of electronic parts

circuit

noun
cir·​cuit | \ ˈsər-kət \

Medical Definition of circuit

1 : the complete path of an electric current including usually the source of electric energy
2 : a neuronal pathway of the brain along which electrical and chemical signals travel … the neurons in this brain circuit communicate using the chemical messenger dopamine.— Helen Fisher, The Wall Street Journal, 13 Feb. 2004

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circuit

noun
cir·​cuit

Legal Definition of circuit

1a : a route formerly taken by traveling judges
b : a district established within a state or the federal judicial system
2 capitalized : the court of appeals for a circuit in the federal judicial system after the 9th Circuit's ruling— V. M. Sher

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Comments on circuit

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