circuit

noun, often attributive
cir·​cuit | \ ˈsər-kət How to pronounce circuit (audio) \

Definition of circuit

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : a usually circular line encompassing an area a swamp about 10 miles in circuit
b : the space enclosed within such a line the circuit of the duke's land
2a : a course around a periphery the periodic circuit of the Earth around the Sun
b : a circuitous or indirect route The damaged bridge forced him to take a long circuit to his destination.
3a : a regular tour (as by a traveling judge or preacher) around an assigned district or territory The preacher ministered to each congregation in his circuit.
b : the route traveled His circuit took him to many towns in the county.
c : a group of church congregations ministered to by one pastor
4a : the complete path of an electric current including usually the source of electric energy
b : an assemblage of electronic elements : hookup
c : a two-way communication path between points (as in a computer)
d : a neuronal pathway of the brain along which electrical and chemical signals travel
5a : an association of similar groups : league
b : a number or series of public outlets (such as theaters, radio shows, or arenas) offering the same kind of presentation He loved competing on the rodeo circuit. She rose through the theater circuit to become a big-time entertainer.
c : a number of similar social gatherings the cocktail circuit

circuit

verb
circuited; circuiting; circuits

Definition of circuit (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

: to make a circuit about a route that circuits the Back Bay section of the city

intransitive verb

: to make a circuit Potential buyers circuited around the boatyard.

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Other Words from circuit

Noun

circuital \ ˈsər-​kə-​tᵊl How to pronounce circuital (audio) \ adjective

Examples of circuit in a Sentence

Noun

It takes a year for the Earth to make one circuit around the sun.

Verb

after circuiting the exterior of the church, the procession headed inside

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Running, walking, cycling, hiking, swimming, treadmill, circuit training, deadlifts, push-ups, and leg raises are just a handful of the 40 different trackable exercises. Stefan Etienne, The Verge, "Samsung Galaxy Watch review: iteration over innovation," 31 Aug. 2018 The actress works out four times a week with trainer AJ Fisher, focusing on circuit training and Pilates-style exercises. Julie Mazziotta, PEOPLE.com, "Black Panther's Danai Gurira on Staying Fit at 40 and Finding Her 'Physical Power'," 19 June 2018 The facility is a mix of rubber flooring and artificial turf, for the circuit training. John-john Williams Iv, Howard County Times, "Columbia gym Progressive Athletics uses small classes to build relationships," 2 May 2018 Wellness hosts lead morning and afternoon workouts that may include yoga, tai chi, Pilates, and onshore circuit training as well as talks on diet, stress management and nutrition. Ellen Uzelac, chicagotribune.com, "European river cruises get radical makeover with immersive experiences, exercise," 25 Mar. 2018 The group of 25- to 35-year-old professionals and entrepreneurs attends special weekly runs, sprint training and circuit-training workouts in locations from Redondo Beach to Santa Monica to West Hollywood. Melinda Fulmer, latimes.com, "Find your fitness tribe: Six of L.A.'s best fitness social clubs," 23 Mar. 2018 Whether spending hours at a stable or on the horse show circuit, there's a lot of time spent dismounted (and freezing). Leah Melby Clinton, Town & Country, "Behold: The Most Stylish Equestrian Winter Work Suit," 8 Jan. 2019 Happy to see toxic masculinity thriving on the game show circuit. Sydney Scott, Essence.com, "The Quick Read: 'Star Trek' Star Nichelle Nichols Reportedly Suffering From Dementia," 7 May 2018 White meme creators get this respect; Chewbacca Mom got full college scholarships and money gifts on a talk-show circuit after her Facebook video of herself laughing in a Chewbacca mask in her car went viral. Sophia Carter-kahn, The Verge, "Funny memes often come from dark places — remember that before you make your own," 27 Apr. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

She's dragged the whole country into this and short-circuited a process the rest of us are vested in and not bothered to explain herself? Fox News, "New evidence of political bias at Google; gender politics at play in Michigan Senate race," 21 Sep. 2018 As commander in chief, Trump immediately complicated the military’s case against Golsteyn, raising questions of undue command influence, as well as the possibility that the prosecution is bound to be short-circuited by a pardon. Taimoor Shah, The Seattle Times, "Trump to ‘review’ case of Green Beret accused of murdering Afghan," 16 Dec. 2018 The evening ends with similar impact, as the full company’s arcing paths of running dancers circuit the stage, at times suggesting a whirlpool, before looping out as a whiplash of punctuation. Robert Greskovic, WSJ, "‘The Six Brandenburg Concertos’ Review: Falling Short of Bach," 5 Oct. 2018 And then literally short-circuiting an acquisition. Eric Johnson, Recode, "Why Snap will get acquired before 2020, probably by Amazon," 28 Sep. 2018 Walker followed with a walk, but Clevinger got Miguel Andujar to ground into a double play and struck out Tyler Austin, short-circuiting the only threat against him until the eighth. Pete Caldera, USA TODAY, "Gleyber Torres hits walk-off three-run homer to help Yankees sweep Indians," 6 May 2018 John mentioned some of them Judge Brett Kavanaugh, D.C. circuit U.S. Court of Appeals here in Washington. Fox News, "Leonard Leo on replacement options for Justice Kennedy," 28 June 2018 Warped legislative maps short-circuit the nation’s democratic process by creating legislatures that don’t quite reflect the voters’ collective will. Matt Ford, The New Republic, "The Consequences of the Supreme Court’s Punt on Gerrymandering," 18 June 2018 The awards circuit red carpet in recent years has been overrun with cis actors who play trans characters, are celebrated and honored for it, and move on to the next role while those who actually live as transgender can be bullied, beaten, or killed. Ty Burr, BostonGlobe.com, "Who gets to play transgender roles?," 12 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'circuit.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of circuit

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense

History and Etymology for circuit

Noun and Verb

Middle English, from Middle French & Latin; Middle French circuite, from Latin circuitus, from circumire, circuire to go around, from circum- + ire to go — more at issue entry 1

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Learn More about circuit

Statistics for circuit

Last Updated

16 Mar 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for circuit

The first known use of circuit was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for circuit

circuit

noun

English Language Learners Definition of circuit

: a series of performances, sports events, lectures, etc., that are held or done at many different places
: a path or trip around something
: the complete path that an electric current travels along

circuit

noun
cir·​cuit | \ ˈsər-kət How to pronounce circuit (audio) \

Kids Definition of circuit

1 : a boundary line around an area
2 : an enclosed space
3 : movement around something The earth makes a circuit around the sun.
4 : a regular tour of service (as by a judge) around an assigned territory : a course so traveled
5 : a series of performances, competitions, or appearances held at many different places the pro tennis circuit
6 : the complete path of an electric current
7 : a group of electronic parts

circuit

noun
cir·​cuit | \ ˈsər-kət How to pronounce circuit (audio) \

Medical Definition of circuit

1 : the complete path of an electric current including usually the source of electric energy
2 : a neuronal pathway of the brain along which electrical and chemical signals travel … the neurons in this brain circuit communicate using the chemical messenger dopamine.— Helen Fisher, The Wall Street Journal, 13 Feb. 2004

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circuit

noun
cir·​cuit

Legal Definition of circuit

1a : a route formerly taken by traveling judges
b : a district established within a state or the federal judicial system
2 capitalized : the court of appeals for a circuit in the federal judicial system after the 9th Circuit's ruling— V. M. Sher

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Comments on circuit

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