circuit

noun, often attributive
cir·​cuit | \ ˈsər-kət How to pronounce circuit (audio) \

Definition of circuit

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : a usually circular line encompassing an area a swamp about 10 miles in circuit
b : the space enclosed within such a line the circuit of the duke's land
2a : a course around a periphery the periodic circuit of the Earth around the Sun
b : a circuitous or indirect route The damaged bridge forced him to take a long circuit to his destination.
3a : a regular tour (as by a traveling judge or preacher) around an assigned district or territory The preacher ministered to each congregation in his circuit.
b : the route traveled His circuit took him to many towns in the county.
c : a group of church congregations ministered to by one pastor
4a : the complete path of an electric current including usually the source of electric energy
b : an assemblage of electronic elements : hookup
c : a two-way communication path between points (as in a computer)
d : a neuronal pathway of the brain along which electrical and chemical signals travel
5a : an association of similar groups : league
b : a number or series of public outlets (such as theaters, radio shows, or arenas) offering the same kind of presentation He loved competing on the rodeo circuit. She rose through the theater circuit to become a big-time entertainer.
c : a number of similar social gatherings the cocktail circuit

circuit

verb
circuited; circuiting; circuits

Definition of circuit (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

: to make a circuit about a route that circuits the Back Bay section of the city

intransitive verb

: to make a circuit Potential buyers circuited around the boatyard.

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Other Words from circuit

Noun

circuital \ ˈsər-​kə-​tᵊl How to pronounce circuital (audio) \ adjective

Examples of circuit in a Sentence

Noun

It takes a year for the Earth to make one circuit around the sun.

Verb

after circuiting the exterior of the church, the procession headed inside

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

His involvement in the scholastic chess circuit kept her head in the game for years. Christine Clarridge, The Seattle Times, "Chess is credited with helping change Westlake Park for the better. Meet one of Westlake’s regulars.," 15 July 2019 In 2016, appearing at Paris Couture Week for the first time in 11 years, Dion stepped out wearing a trendy oversized Vetements Titanic hoodie that had the fashion crowd swooning, and made her into an unexpected style icon in the circuit. Marianna Cerini, CNN Style, "How Celine Dion became the queen of couture week," 4 July 2019 Simon said judges in other circuits approve of the practice of asking a jury for its sentencing recommendation as long as a judge discloses what that recommendation is and considers it only as one part of the sentencing analysis. oregonlive.com, "Man who fired guns in road rage encounter on U.S. 26 near Warm Springs gets probation," 10 June 2019 Stress and depression have been shown to dampen neurogenesis — the growth of new neurons — in the hippocampal circuit. M.r. O'connor |, Twin Cities, "M.R. O’Connor: Here’s what gets lost when we rely on GPS," 7 June 2019 State legislatures began passing campus free-speech acts, and students brought lawsuits in virtually every federal circuit. David French, National Review, "Against Conservative Cultural Defeatism," 4 June 2019 In high school, Bowen averaged 18.9 points and 7.4 rebounds per game in the Nike EYBL circuit and helped La Lumiere in LaPorte go 27-1 and win a national championship. Robert General, Indianapolis Star, "Brian Bowen signs 2-way contract with Indiana Pacers," 21 May 2019 After that, Joy became well known in the '80s stand-up nightclub circuit. Kayla Keegan, Good Housekeeping, "Why 'The View' Star Joy Behar Doesn't Use Her Real Name," 29 Nov. 2018 The other thing is putting over wrestlers that are in the independent circuit and are coming up. Steve Credo, Fox News, "David Arquette on his wrestling comeback and how the sport is not fake," 24 Sep. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

When the second Bush administration cooked up a case and a plan for war with Iraq, much of the cooking was done within the Pentagon, under the eye of Secretary Donald Rumsfeld; the results of that short-circuiting were bad enough. Adam Weinstein, The New Republic, "Who Is Actually Running the U.S. Military’s Iran Efforts?," 18 June 2019 She's dragged the whole country into this and short-circuited a process the rest of us are vested in and not bothered to explain herself? Fox News, "New evidence of political bias at Google; gender politics at play in Michigan Senate race," 21 Sep. 2018 As commander in chief, Trump immediately complicated the military’s case against Golsteyn, raising questions of undue command influence, as well as the possibility that the prosecution is bound to be short-circuited by a pardon. Taimoor Shah, The Seattle Times, "Trump to ‘review’ case of Green Beret accused of murdering Afghan," 16 Dec. 2018 The evening ends with similar impact, as the full company’s arcing paths of running dancers circuit the stage, at times suggesting a whirlpool, before looping out as a whiplash of punctuation. Robert Greskovic, WSJ, "‘The Six Brandenburg Concertos’ Review: Falling Short of Bach," 5 Oct. 2018 And then literally short-circuiting an acquisition. Eric Johnson, Recode, "Why Snap will get acquired before 2020, probably by Amazon," 28 Sep. 2018 Walker followed with a walk, but Clevinger got Miguel Andujar to ground into a double play and struck out Tyler Austin, short-circuiting the only threat against him until the eighth. Pete Caldera, USA TODAY, "Gleyber Torres hits walk-off three-run homer to help Yankees sweep Indians," 6 May 2018 John mentioned some of them Judge Brett Kavanaugh, D.C. circuit U.S. Court of Appeals here in Washington. Fox News, "Leonard Leo on replacement options for Justice Kennedy," 28 June 2018 Warped legislative maps short-circuit the nation’s democratic process by creating legislatures that don’t quite reflect the voters’ collective will. Matt Ford, The New Republic, "The Consequences of the Supreme Court’s Punt on Gerrymandering," 18 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'circuit.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of circuit

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense

History and Etymology for circuit

Noun and Verb

Middle English, from Middle French & Latin; Middle French circuite, from Latin circuitus, from circumire, circuire to go around, from circum- + ire to go — more at issue entry 1

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Statistics for circuit

Last Updated

20 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for circuit

The first known use of circuit was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for circuit

circuit

noun

English Language Learners Definition of circuit

: a series of performances, sports events, lectures, etc., that are held or done at many different places
: a path or trip around something
: the complete path that an electric current travels along

circuit

noun
cir·​cuit | \ ˈsər-kət How to pronounce circuit (audio) \

Kids Definition of circuit

1 : a boundary line around an area
2 : an enclosed space
3 : movement around something The earth makes a circuit around the sun.
4 : a regular tour of service (as by a judge) around an assigned territory : a course so traveled
5 : a series of performances, competitions, or appearances held at many different places the pro tennis circuit
6 : the complete path of an electric current
7 : a group of electronic parts

circuit

noun
cir·​cuit | \ ˈsər-kət How to pronounce circuit (audio) \

Medical Definition of circuit

1 : the complete path of an electric current including usually the source of electric energy
2 : a neuronal pathway of the brain along which electrical and chemical signals travel … the neurons in this brain circuit communicate using the chemical messenger dopamine.— Helen Fisher, The Wall Street Journal, 13 Feb. 2004

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circuit

noun
cir·​cuit

Legal Definition of circuit

1a : a route formerly taken by traveling judges
b : a district established within a state or the federal judicial system
2 capitalized : the court of appeals for a circuit in the federal judicial system after the 9th Circuit's ruling— V. M. Sher

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