1

burden

play
noun bur·den \ ˈbər-dᵊn \

Definition of burden

1 a :something that is carried :load
  • dropped his burden of firewood
b :duty, responsibility
  • forced to bear the burden of caring for her aging parents
  • lowering the tax burden on the middle class
2 :something oppressive or worrisome
  • a heavy burden of guilt
  • was a huge financial burden on his family
3 a :the bearing of a load usually used in the phrase beast of burden
b :capacity for carrying cargo
  • a ship of a hundred tons burden
4 :load 11
  • worm burdens of cattle
  • cancer burden

Origin and Etymology of burden

Middle English, from Old English byrthen; akin to Old English beran to carry — more at bear


2

burden

verb

Definition of burden

burdened; burdening play \ˈbərd-niŋ, ˈbər-dᵊn-iŋ\
transitive verb
:load, oppress
  • I will not burden you with a lengthy account.

Examples of burden in a Sentence

  1. I don't wish to burden you with my problems.

  2. burdened the dog with a little backpack

Origin and Etymology of burden


3

burden

noun

Definition of burden

1 archaic :a bass or accompanying part
  • I would sing my song without a burden; thou bringest me out of tune
  • —Shakespeare
2 a :chorus, refrain
b :a central topic :theme
  • the burden of the argument

Origin and Etymology of burden

Middle English burdoun, from Anglo-French burdun a drone bass, of imitative origin



BURDEN Defined for English Language Learners

burden

verb

Definition of burden for English Language Learners

  • : to make (someone) hold or carry something heavy or accept or deal with something difficult : to put a heavy burden on (someone)


BURDEN Defined for Kids

1

burden

play
noun bur·den \ ˈbər-dᵊn \

Definition of burden for Students

1 :something carried :load
2 :something that is hard to take
  • a heavy burden of sorrow
3 :the capacity of a ship for carrying cargo a vessel of fifty tons burden

2

burden

verb

Definition of burden for Students

burdened; burdening
1 :to have a heavy load or put a heavy load on
2 :to cause to have to deal with
  • He is burdened with responsibilities.

Medical Dictionary

burden

play
noun bur·den \ ˈbərd-ᵊn \

medical Definition of burden

:load 3
  • worm burden
  • cancer burden

Law Dictionary

burden

noun bur·den

legal Definition of burden

1 :something that is a duty, obligation, or responsibility
  • the prosecution has the burden of proving every element of the offense
  • the statute imposes undue burdens
  • burden of pleading the necessary elements


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