backward

adverb
back·​ward | \ ˈbak-wərd How to pronounce backward (audio) \
variants: or backwards \ ˈbak-​wərdz How to pronounce backwards (audio) \

Definition of backward

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a : toward the back or rear She glanced backward over her shoulder.
b : with the back foremost Take three steps backward.
2a : in a reverse or contrary direction or way Count backward from 10.
b : toward the past a journey backward in time
c : toward a worse state His new job felt like a step backward.
bend over backward or lean over backward
: to make extreme efforts (as at concession) He said he would bend over backward to make the deal.

backward

adjective

Definition of backward (Entry 2 of 3)

1a : directed or turned toward the back a backward glance
b : done or executed backward a backward somersault
2 : diffident, shy I have been backward to begin my canvass.— Edmund Burke
3 : retarded in development a technologically backward village

backward

noun

Definition of backward (Entry 3 of 3)

: the part behind or past … the dark backward … of time …— Shakespeare

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Other Words from backward

Adjective

backwardly adverb
backwardness noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for backward

Synonyms: Adverb

back, rearward (also rearwards)

Synonyms: Adjective

rearward, retrograde

Antonyms: Adverb

ahead, along, forth, forward, forwards, on, onward (also onwards)

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Examples of backward in a Sentence

Adverb

a sudden movement backward, not forward I heard a noise behind me and glanced backward. He pushed the throttle backward. She took a small step backward. a journey backward in time The narrative moves backward and forward in time.

Adjective

a technologically backward village that has no running water a backward turn on ice skates is hard to learn because you can't see where you're going
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb

Taking melatonin can pull the sleep cycle backward. Caroline Picard, Good Housekeeping, "What You Need to Know About OTC Sleep Aids, According to Neurologists," 30 Jan. 2019 An operator had to be trained with a special helmet camera to follow Cruise in the scene inflight, and then fall backward from the plane just before Cruise, keeping the close-up intact. Bryan Alexander, USA TODAY, "Tom Cruise details insane 'Mission: Impossible' jump stunt at 25,000 feet, done 106 times," 26 Apr. 2018 Any cut in the defense budget would be a senseless step backward. James Inhofe And, WSJ, "Don’t Cut Military Spending, Mr. President," 29 Nov. 2018 Reds starting pitchers ranked 25th in the majors in ERA (5.17) in 2016 and took a step backward last year as their collective ERA rose to 5.55, second-worst in the majors. Jeff Sanders, sandiegouniontribune.com, "Progress report: Cincinnati Reds," 4 Mar. 2018 This regulation will make schools more dangerous and, at the height of the Me Too movement, could take us backward. Jess Davidson, Glamour, "Why Does the Department of Education Want to Put Sexual Assault Survivors on Trial?," 28 Nov. 2018 Skip the museum within the complex's grounds and head to the North Gate, going backward toward the main entrance at Tiananmen. Hanya Yanagihara, Condé Nast Traveler, "50 Things to Do in Asia Before You Die," 24 Sep. 2018 After the Ryder Cup next month, much of what top players plan—when to take time off, when and where to play in early 2019—starts by working backward from the Masters. Brian Costa, WSJ, "Golf’s Looming Schedule Overhaul Could Elevate PGA Championship," 11 Aug. 2018 But only a few hours later, Mercury (the planet of communication) begins its twirl backward. Aliza Kelly Faragher, Allure, "What November's Cancer Horoscope Means for You," 28 Oct. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

The problem with going backward is that women will always have unwanted pregnancies. Robin Abcarian, latimes.com, "The Supreme Court puts religion-based dishonesty above the health and welfare of vulnerable pregnant women," 29 June 2018 Detectives decided to backtrack, returning to video cameras in the area of Smollett’s alleged attack and following those feeds backward in time. Erin Ailworth, WSJ, "Inside the Detective Work on the Jussie Smollett Case," 21 Feb. 2019 Then police told the man to step outside the vehicle and walk backward toward them. Bob Sandrick, cleveland.com, "Drunk man caught with gun in coat, gun in car; wandering repairman steals snow blower: Berea police blotter," 11 Jan. 2018 Scotland was regarded as poor, economically and culturally backward and a troublesome nuisance. Paul Hoggart, Newsweek, "If Scotland Breaks Free, Queen Elizabeth Could Speak for Two Countries at Once," 31 Aug. 2014 About every two years, Mars appears to change course in the sky and spend a couple of months traveling backward. Mindy Weisberger, Fox News, "Why Mars appears to be moving backward," 16 July 2018 The revelation prompted accusations that the British broadcaster was actually moving backward considering that last year only the seven highest paid were men. BostonGlobe.com, "Papa John’s founder apologizes for racial slur," 12 July 2018 My dad had trouble remembering a sequence of words and counting backward from 100 in sevens. Robin Abcarian, latimes.com, "Proving to the DMV that you can drive when you are 89 years old is not for the faint of heart," 3 July 2018 Heiser was jarred backward by the impact but stayed on his feet. Brian Murphy, OrlandoSentinel.com, "UCF closer Bryce Tucker flips switch on the field, menaces opposing batters," 22 May 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Starting another restructuring now would mean a step backward for shareholder returns as costs would rise and revenues disappear. Paul J. Davies, WSJ, "Barclays’s Badly Timed Activist Might Be Good For its Board," 8 Jan. 2019 Indeed, the problem was that somebody was a bit too hasty readying the saw that morning and had put the saw chain on the bar backward. Roy Berendsohn, Popular Mechanics, "The One Thing You Should Never Do with a Chainsaw," 8 Nov. 2018 That creates an opening for powerful special interests to influence campaigns in alignment with backwards facing policies, like climate change denial and restricting women’s rights. Marie Claire, "Why Your Vote Is More Important This Year Than Ever Before," 16 Oct. 2018 The move involves bringing one leg backward, which mimics the movement of a reverse lunge. Jenny Mccoy, SELF, "This Single-Leg Squat From Celebrity Trainer Kira Stokes Will Strengthen Your Entire Lower Body," 22 Aug. 2018 In one motion Oladipo leaps backward and then rises for a 3-pointer that ties the score and silences the crowd. Gregg Doyel, Indianapolis Star, "Doyel: LeBron and Cavs get this one but moment coming for Pacers, Victor Oladipo," 29 Apr. 2018 Both wore a white baseball hat, Anderson with the brim in front, Isner with his turned his backward. Howard Fendrich, BostonGlobe.com, "Kevin Anderson outlasts John Isner in second-longest match in Wimbledon history," 13 July 2018 The first back-heel came at an inconsequential moment in the 30th minute, when Mbappé leapt in the air and sent a pass backward. Andrew Beaton, WSJ, "France’s Kylian Mbappé Shows Why He Is the World Cup’s Breakout Star," 10 July 2018 The work may also help engineers design more dexterous aerial robots—even ones that, yes, can fly backward. Victoria Davis, Science | AAAS, "This video reveals the secret to the dragonfly’s backward flight," 2 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'backward.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of backward

Adverb

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Adjective

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1610, in the meaning defined above

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Statistics for backward

Last Updated

5 Mar 2019

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Time Traveler for backward

The first known use of backward was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for backward

backward

adverb

English Language Learners Definition of backward

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: toward the back : to or toward what is behind
: opposite to the usual way : in reverse
: toward the past

backward

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of backward (Entry 2 of 2)

: directed or turned toward the back
: done backward
: behind others : not as advanced as others in learning or development

backward

adverb
back·​ward | \ ˈbak-wərd How to pronounce backward (audio) \
variants: or backwards \ -​wərdz \

Kids Definition of backward

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : toward the back look backward
2 : with the back first ride backward
3 : opposite to the usual way count backward

backward

adjective

Kids Definition of backward (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : turned toward the back He wears a backward baseball cap.
2 : done backward a backward flip
3 : not as advanced in learning and development as others Perhaps the strange language made him appear more backward than he really was …— Robert Louis Stevenson, Kidnapped

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More from Merriam-Webster on backward

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for backward

Spanish Central: Translation of backward

Nglish: Translation of backward for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of backward for Arabic Speakers

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