assimilation

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noun as·sim·i·la·tion \ə-ˌsi-mə-ˈlā-shən\

Definition of assimilation

  1. 1 a :  an act, process, or instance of assimilating b :  the state of being assimilated

  2. 2 :  the incorporation or conversion of nutrients into protoplasm that in animals follows digestion and absorption and in higher plants involves both photosynthesis and root absorption

  3. 3 :  change of a sound in speech so that it becomes identical with or similar to a neighboring sound <the usual assimilation of \z\ to \sh\ in the phrase his shoe>

  4. 4 :  the process of receiving new facts or of responding to new situations in conformity with what is already available to consciousness

What is the difference between acculturation, assimilation, and amalgamation?

Acculturation is one of several forms of culture contact, and has a couple of closely related terms, including assimilation and amalgamation. Although all three of these words refer to changes due to contact between different cultures, there are notable differences between them. Acculturation is often tied to political conquest or expansion, and is applied to the process of change in beliefs or traditional practices that occurs when the cultural system of one group displaces that of another. Assimilation refers to the process through which individuals and groups of differing heritages acquire the basic habits, attitudes, and mode of life of an embracing culture. Amalgamation refers to a blending of cultures, rather than one group eliminating another (acculturation) or one group mixing itself into another (assimilation).

Linguistic assimilation?

There are a handful of words in English that are examples of themselves, representatives of the very things that they describe. One such word is sesquipedalian ("having many syllables" or "characterized by the use of long words"). Another example, in a slightly less obvious fashion, is assimilate. When used as a technical word to describe a certain process of language change, assimilate refers to the habit that some sounds have of becoming more like the sounds that are close to them in a word (see assimilation, sense 3). For instance, the original spelling of immovable in English was inmovable, and over time the n began to sound more like its neighboring m, to the point that it actually became that letter.

Something similar occurred before assimilate was a word in English. Assimilate comes from the Latin prefix ad- (meaning "to, towards") and similis ("similar"). Over time the d of the prefix ad- assimilated itself with the s of similis.

15th Century

First Known Use of assimilation

15th century


ASSIMILATION Defined for Kids

assimilation

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noun as·sim·i·la·tion \ə-ˌsi-mə-ˈlā-shən\

Definition of assimilation for Students

  1. :  the act or process of assimilating


Medical Dictionary

assimilation

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noun as·sim·i·la·tion \ə-ˌsim-ə-ˈlā-shən\

Medical Definition of assimilation

  1. 1a:  an act, process, or instance of assimilatingb:  the state of being assimilated

  2. 2:  the incorporation or conversion of nutrients into protoplasm that in animals follows digestion and absorption and in higher plants involves both photosynthesis and root absorption

  3. 3:  the process of receiving new facts or of responding to new situations in conformity with what is already available to consciousness—compare apperception



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