arbitration

noun
ar·​bi·​tra·​tion | \ ˌär-bə-ˈtrā-shən How to pronounce arbitration (audio) \

Definition of arbitration

: the action of arbitrating especially : the hearing and determination of a disputed case by an arbiter a case that is in arbitration They agreed to settle the dispute by arbitration.

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Other Words from arbitration

arbitrational \ ˌär-​bə-​ˈtrā-​shnəl How to pronounce arbitration (audio) , -​shə-​nᵊl \ adjective

Are arbiter and arbitration arbitrary?

A large portion of the words we use today come from Latin roots. Many of these words retain a meaning that is closely related to their Latin ancestor, although sometimes they will drift a considerable distance from their roots (sinister, for instance, had the meaning of “on the left side” in Latin, but also meant “unlucky, inauspicious”). In some instances, a single Latin word will give rise to multiple words in English, some of which have strayed in meaning, and others which have not.

An example of this may be found in our word arbiter. We trace it to the Latin root with the same spelling, arbiter, meaning “eyewitness, onlooker, person appointed to settle a dispute.” A number of English words stem from the Latin arbiter, many of which have to do with judging or being a judge. An arbiter is a judge, and arbitration is the act of judging, or serving as an arbiter. Yet the most common meaning of arbitrary is “existing or coming about seemingly at random or by chance or as a capricious and unreasonable act of will,” which seems to be quite a bit different in meaning from the other two words. Arbitrary does indeed come from the same Latin root, and its oldest meaning in English was “depending on choice or discretion particularly regarding the decision of a judge or a tribunal.” But over time it developed additional senses that are somewhat removed from that initial meaning.

Examples of arbitration in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web All arbitration cases will be resolved using the 400-page collective bargaining agreement between the players and owners. courant.com, 8 June 2021 Goldman Sachs will support a proposal to prepare a report on how mandatory arbitration affects its workplace and employees. Emma Hinchliffe, Fortune, 7 June 2021 Amazon is now trying to stop the deal through arbitration proceedings in Singapore. New York Times, 7 June 2021 Previously claimants had to enter arbitration as individuals. BostonGlobe.com, 1 June 2021 Negotiation, mediation, and arbitration have been largely unchanged over the past few decades. Kwame Christian, Forbes, 1 June 2021 The mass-arbitration filings have forced companies to scramble. Sara Randazzo, WSJ, 1 June 2021 Gallo, 27, is arbitration eligible for the last team in 2022. Evan Grant, Dallas News, 29 May 2021 In a statement issued on Monday, the Ducks said Solomon also will oversee issues related to the salary cap, contract and arbitration negotiations, and player evaluation. Los Angeles Times, 25 May 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'arbitration.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of arbitration

15th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for arbitration

Middle English arbitracioun, borrowed from Anglo-French arbitracion, borrowed from Latin arbitrātiōn-, arbitrātiō, from arbitrārī "to consider, judge, arbitrate" + -tiōn-, -tiō, suffix of verbal action

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Time Traveler for arbitration

Time Traveler

The first known use of arbitration was in the 15th century

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Statistics for arbitration

Last Updated

11 Jun 2021

Cite this Entry

“Arbitration.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/arbitration. Accessed 19 Jun. 2021.

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More Definitions for arbitration

arbitration

noun

English Language Learners Definition of arbitration

: a process of settling an argument or disagreement in which the people or groups on both sides present their opinions and ideas to a third person or group

arbitration

noun
ar·​bi·​tra·​tion | \ ˌär-bə-ˈtrā-shən How to pronounce arbitration (audio) \

Kids Definition of arbitration

: the settling of a disagreement in which both sides present their arguments to a third person or group for decision

arbitration

noun
ar·​bi·​tra·​tion | \ ˌär-bə-ˈtrā-shən How to pronounce arbitration (audio) \

Legal Definition of arbitration

: the process of resolving a dispute (as between labor and management) or a grievance outside of the court system by presenting it to an impartial third party or panel for a decision that may or may not be binding — compare mediation
final offer arbitration
: interest arbitration in which the arbitrator must accept or reject the final offer of any party and may not decide to compromise
grievance arbitration
: arbitration of a dispute over something in an existing collective bargaining agreement

called also rights arbitration

— compare interest arbitration in this entry
interest arbitration
: arbitration of a dispute over the provisions to be entered in a new contract — compare grievance arbitration in this entry
rights arbitration
: grievance arbitration in this entry

Other Words from arbitration

arbitrational \ ˌär-​bə-​ˈtrā-​shə-​nəl How to pronounce arbitration (audio) \ adjective

History and Etymology for arbitration

Latin arbitratio, from arbitrari to judge, arbitrate, from arbiter onlooker, arbitrator

More from Merriam-Webster on arbitration

Nglish: Translation of arbitration for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of arbitration for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about arbitration

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