antitoxin

noun
an·​ti·​tox·​in | \ ˌan-ti-ˈtäk-sən How to pronounce antitoxin (audio) \

Definition of antitoxin

: an antibody that is capable of neutralizing the specific toxin (such as a specific causative agent of disease) that stimulated its production in the body and is produced in animals for medical purposes by injection of a toxin or toxoid with the resulting serum being used to counteract the toxin in other individuals also : an antiserum containing antitoxins

Examples of antitoxin in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web With venom from organoids more easily available, the hope is to skip the horse in the antitoxin-production process. Theresa Machemer, Smithsonian Magazine, "The Future of Antivenom May Involve Mini Lab-Grown Snake Glands," 29 Jan. 2020 Diphtheria bacteria produces a toxin, making it especially deadly, unless the antitoxin serum is administered. Katherine A. Foss, Smithsonian Magazine, "How Epidemics of the Past Forced Americans to Promote Health—and Ended Up Improving Life in This Country," 2 Apr. 2020 Meanwhile, there are plenty of things in the stockpile that aren’t particularly helpful right now – botulism antitoxin, for instance, and millions of doses of smallpox vaccine. Andrew Lakoff, The Conversation, "Coronavirus: Strategic National Stockpile was ready, but not for this," 2 Apr. 2020 Never mind the fact that musher Leonhard Seppala, led by 12-year-old Togo, toted the antitoxin 260 miles through brutal weather, much farther than any other relay team. Mike Campbell, Anchorage Daily News, "Here are some recent mushing films to watch while waiting to see who makes it first to Nome," 5 Mar. 2020 In Alaska, the antitoxin is stored at eight hospitals across the state. Tess Williams, Anchorage Daily News, "Anchorage man survives botulism after eating home-canned salmon," 1 Jan. 2020 After a diphtheria outbreak occurs in Nome in 1925, the city finds itself desperately in need of antitoxin. Frank Scheck, The Hollywood Reporter, "'The Great Alaskan Race': Film Review," 24 Oct. 2019 Vodka is a natural disinfectant, antitoxin, and antiseptic. Leah Silverman, Town & Country, "7 Ways Vodka Is Actually Great For Your Health," 5 Mar. 2018 The antitoxin for one rich celebrity president is not likely to be a different rich celebrity president (albeit an infinitely smarter and more humane one). Rebecca Traister, The Cut, "The Other Women’s March on Washington," 19 Jan. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'antitoxin.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of antitoxin

1877, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for antitoxin

anti- + toxin, probably after Italian antitossina or German Antitoxin (both perhaps calqued on German Gegengift "antidote")

Note: Probably introduced by the Italian pathologist Guido Tizzoni (1853-1932), who used the word in Tizzoni and Giuseppina Cattani, "Sulla proprietà dell'antitossina del tetano," Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, Serie Quarta, Rendiconti, vol. 7 (1891), 1. semestre, pp. 333-37; and in Guido Tizzoni, "Ueber die experimentelle Immunität gegen den Tetanus," Internationale Beiträge zur wissenschaftlichen Medicin: Festschrift, Rudolf Virchow gewidmet, Band 3 (Berlin, 1891), pp. 31-60. The term antitoxin is associated with the German pathologist Emil von Behring, though its use by Behring appears to be subsequent to Tissoni's; for background see Derek S. Linton, Emil von Behring: Infectious Disease, Immunology, Serum Therapy (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 2005).

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The first known use of antitoxin was in 1877

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Last Updated

17 Aug 2020

Cite this Entry

“Antitoxin.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/antitoxin. Accessed 21 Sep. 2020.

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More Definitions for antitoxin

antitoxin

noun
an·​ti·​tox·​in | \ ˌan-ti-ˈtäk-sən How to pronounce antitoxin (audio) \

Kids Definition of antitoxin

: a substance formed in the blood of a person or animal exposed to poisons released usually by disease-causing bacteria

antitoxin

noun
an·​ti·​tox·​in | \ ˌant-i-ˈtäk-sən How to pronounce antitoxin (audio) \

Medical Definition of antitoxin

: an antibody that is capable of neutralizing the specific toxin (as a specific causative agent of disease) that stimulated its production in the body and is produced in animals for medical purposes by injection of a toxin or toxoid with the resulting serum being used to counteract the toxin in other individuals also : an antiserum containing antitoxins

More from Merriam-Webster on antitoxin

Nglish: Translation of antitoxin for Spanish Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about antitoxin

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