antitoxin

noun
an·​ti·​tox·​in | \ ˌan-ti-ˈtäk-sən How to pronounce antitoxin (audio) \

Definition of antitoxin

: an antibody that is capable of neutralizing the specific toxin (such as a specific causative agent of disease) that stimulated its production in the body and is produced in animals for medical purposes by injection of a toxin or toxoid with the resulting serum being used to counteract the toxin in other individuals also : an antiserum containing antitoxins

Examples of antitoxin in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Treatment requires antitoxin, which can stop it from causing more harm but can’t reverse damage already done, the CDC warns. Alexandria Hein, Fox News, 11 June 2021 Botulism can be treated with an antitoxin medication, which stops the toxin from causing more damage to the body but cannot undo any damage that’s already occurred. Carolyn L. Todd, SELF, 19 May 2021 The site is located within a pharma industry cluster whose roots go back more than a century to Nobel Prize winner Emil von Behring, who developed the antitoxin for diptheria and tetanus. Star Tribune, 31 Mar. 2021 One of the regional operations, Operation Togo, harks back to the grueling 1925 sled dog run that rushed diphtheria antitoxin across the state to an outbreak in Nome. New York Times, 7 Mar. 2021 The story of a sled dog who led the 1925 serum run to transport diphtheria antitoxin serum through harsh conditions during an epidemic of diphtheria. Ben Flanagan | Bflanagan@al.com, al, 15 Feb. 2021 The disease is treated with antitoxin and antibiotics. Paula Allen, ExpressNews.com, 16 Jan. 2021 With venom from organoids more easily available, the hope is to skip the horse in the antitoxin-production process. Theresa Machemer, Smithsonian Magazine, 29 Jan. 2020 Diphtheria bacteria produces a toxin, making it especially deadly, unless the antitoxin serum is administered. Katherine A. Foss, Smithsonian Magazine, 2 Apr. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'antitoxin.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of antitoxin

1877, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for antitoxin

anti- + toxin, probably after Italian antitossina or German Antitoxin (both perhaps calqued on German Gegengift "antidote")

Note: Probably introduced by the Italian pathologist Guido Tizzoni (1853-1932), who used the word in Tizzoni and Giuseppina Cattani, "Sulla proprietà dell'antitossina del tetano," Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, Serie Quarta, Rendiconti, vol. 7 (1891), 1. semestre, pp. 333-37; and in Guido Tizzoni, "Ueber die experimentelle Immunität gegen den Tetanus," Internationale Beiträge zur wissenschaftlichen Medicin: Festschrift, Rudolf Virchow gewidmet, Band 3 (Berlin, 1891), pp. 31-60. The term antitoxin is associated with the German pathologist Emil von Behring, though its use by Behring appears to be subsequent to Tissoni's; for background see Derek S. Linton, Emil von Behring: Infectious Disease, Immunology, Serum Therapy (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 2005).

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The first known use of antitoxin was in 1877

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Cite this Entry

“Antitoxin.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/antitoxin. Accessed 19 Sep. 2021.

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More Definitions for antitoxin

antitoxin

noun
an·​ti·​tox·​in | \ ˌan-ti-ˈtäk-sən How to pronounce antitoxin (audio) \

Kids Definition of antitoxin

: a substance formed in the blood of a person or animal exposed to poisons released usually by disease-causing bacteria

antitoxin

noun
an·​ti·​tox·​in | \ ˌant-i-ˈtäk-sən How to pronounce antitoxin (audio) \

Medical Definition of antitoxin

: an antibody that is capable of neutralizing the specific toxin (as a specific causative agent of disease) that stimulated its production in the body and is produced in animals for medical purposes by injection of a toxin or toxoid with the resulting serum being used to counteract the toxin in other individuals also : an antiserum containing antitoxins

More from Merriam-Webster on antitoxin

Nglish: Translation of antitoxin for Spanish Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about antitoxin

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