antitoxin

noun
an·​ti·​tox·​in | \ ˌan-ti-ˈtäk-sən How to pronounce antitoxin (audio) \

Definition of antitoxin

: an antibody that is capable of neutralizing the specific toxin (such as a specific causative agent of disease) that stimulated its production in the body and is produced in animals for medical purposes by injection of a toxin or toxoid with the resulting serum being used to counteract the toxin in other individuals also : an antiserum containing antitoxins

Examples of antitoxin in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

Vodka is a natural disinfectant, antitoxin, and antiseptic. Leah Silverman, Town & Country, "7 Ways Vodka Is Actually Great For Your Health," 5 Mar. 2018 The antitoxin for one rich celebrity president is not likely to be a different rich celebrity president (albeit an infinitely smarter and more humane one). Rebecca Traister, The Cut, "The Other Women’s March on Washington," 19 Jan. 2018 The proper treatment for botulism is an antitoxin, not a sleeping pill. Anne Saker, Cincinnati.com, "Hamilton County coroner: No broken bones, no damaged teeth on Otto Warmbier," 27 Sep. 2017 The very first prize in medicine was awarded to Emil von Behring in 1901 for the discovery of antitoxins, but not to his close collaborator Shibasaburo Kitasato. Ed Yong, The Atlantic, "The Absurdity of the Nobel Prizes in Science," 3 Oct. 2017 Treating botulism requires an antitoxin, not a sleeping pill. Anne Saker, Cincinnati.com, "What killed Otto Warmbier? Coroner's report only deepens mystery," 26 Sep. 2017 The gentlemen in Greenburgh on Monday also invoked all the correct balms, elixirs and antitoxins. Michael Powell, New York Times, "At Knicks’ Facility, Hopeful Talk and Lessons Learned (or Maybe Not)," 17 July 2017 Symptoms begin with vomiting and blurred vision followed by a slow paralysis that can lead to respiratory failure if an antitoxin is not administered in time. Sammy Caiola, sacbee.com, "How to avoid botulism in and out of the kitchen," 5 June 2017 But if the antitoxin isn't administered right away, the neurotoxin can cause muscle paralysis, which can take weeks or even years to reverse. Laura Geggel Senior Writer, Fox News, "Tainted nacho cheese: Why botulism is so deadly," 26 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'antitoxin.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of antitoxin

1877, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for antitoxin

anti- + toxin, probably after Italian antitossina or German Antitoxin (both perhaps calqued on German Gegengift "antidote")

Note: Probably introduced by the Italian pathologist Guido Tizzoni (1853-1932), who used the word in Tizzoni and Giuseppina Cattani, "Sulla proprietà dell'antitossina del tetano," Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, Serie Quarta, Rendiconti, vol. 7 (1891), 1. semestre, pp. 333-37; and in Guido Tizzoni, "Ueber die experimentelle Immunität gegen den Tetanus," Internationale Beiträge zur wissenschaftlichen Medicin: Festschrift, Rudolf Virchow gewidmet, Band 3 (Berlin, 1891), pp. 31-60. The term antitoxin is associated with the German pathologist Emil von Behring, though its use by Behring appears to be subsequent to Tissoni's; for background see Derek S. Linton, Emil von Behring: Infectious Disease, Immunology, Serum Therapy (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 2005).

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The first known use of antitoxin was in 1877

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More Definitions for antitoxin

antitoxin

noun
an·​ti·​tox·​in | \ ˌan-ti-ˈtäk-sən How to pronounce antitoxin (audio) \

Kids Definition of antitoxin

: a substance formed in the blood of a person or animal exposed to poisons released usually by disease-causing bacteria

antitoxin

noun
an·​ti·​tox·​in | \ ˌant-i-ˈtäk-sən How to pronounce antitoxin (audio) \

Medical Definition of antitoxin

: an antibody that is capable of neutralizing the specific toxin (as a specific causative agent of disease) that stimulated its production in the body and is produced in animals for medical purposes by injection of a toxin or toxoid with the resulting serum being used to counteract the toxin in other individuals also : an antiserum containing antitoxins

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More from Merriam-Webster on antitoxin

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with antitoxin

Spanish Central: Translation of antitoxin

Nglish: Translation of antitoxin for Spanish Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about antitoxin

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