against

preposition
\ ə-ˈgen(t)st How to pronounce against (audio) , -ˈgin(t)st, -ˈgān(t)st\

Definition of against

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : in opposition or hostility to spoke against his enemies
b : not in conformity with : contrary to against the law
c : in competition with racing against each other
d : as a basis for disapproval of had nothing against him
2a : directly opposite : facing … she sat down just over against me …— Daniel Defoe
b obsolete : exposed to
3 : compared or contrasted with profits are up against last year
4a : in preparation or provision for saving against an uncertain future
b : as a defense or protection from a shelter against the cold
5a : in the direction of and into contact with knocked against the ropes
b : in contact with leaning against the wall
6 : in a direction opposite to the motion or course of : counter to sail against the wind
7a : as a counterbalance to weighing risk against profit
b : in exchange for a lower rate against the dollar
c : as a charge on charged against her account
8 : before the background of viewed against the sky

against

conjunction

Definition of against (Entry 2 of 2)

archaic
: in preparation for the time when … throw on another log of wood against father comes home.— Charles Dickens

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Synonyms for against

Synonyms: Preposition

on, upon

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Examples of against in a Sentence

Preposition

We must continue the struggle for justice and against injustice. She voted against the proposal. He spoke against appeasing the enemy. Some people were for the proposal but others were against it. There's a law against doing that. two runners racing against each other Touching the ball with your hands is against the rules.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Preposition

Equipped with police, medical and legal personnel, One Stop Centers they are meant to be places where the physical, psychological and legal implications of violence against women can be addressed and support found. Caterina Clerici & Eléonore Hamelin, Marie Claire, "Rwanda's Future Is Female," 1 Feb. 2019 Damore and David Gudeman, another former employee let go for similar reasons, accused Google of discriminating against white men and conservatives. Eric Bangeman, Ars Technica, "Talk amongst yourselves: 2018’s most-commented stories on Ars," 24 Dec. 2018 Christmas at Pemberley Manor features a grinch-like billionaire (William Darcy) who comes up against an event planner (Elizabeth Bennett) who's determined to use his sprawling mansion for a holiday festival. Lourdes Avila Uribe, Glamour, "What You Can Expect to See in Every Single Hallmark Channel Christmas Movie," 24 Dec. 2018 Yes, perhaps seeing Duke University basketball phenom Zion Williamson blow through his shoe in the opening minute of Wednesday night’s game against the University of North Carolina will prove more indelible. Justin Lahart, WSJ, "No One Remembers That Other Nike Shoe Failure," 21 Feb. 2019 And just more than six weeks after everything looked so bright, Seattle U is 1-9 in WAC play heading into Thursday night’s home game against Missouri-Kansas City. Scott Hanson, The Seattle Times, "After a wave of injuries, things are looking up again for Seattle U men’s basketball," 20 Feb. 2019 The illusionist was up against some seriously gifted acts, including: Susan Boyle, Preacher Lawson, Brian Justin Crum, Cristina Ramos, Angelica Hale, and more. Kayla Keegan, Good Housekeeping, "Shin Lim Is Who Won 'America's Got Talent: The Champions' and People Are Freaking Out," 19 Feb. 2019 Simmons, a basketball player for the Philadelphia 76ers, was in town for a game against the New York Knicks. Nicole Saunders, Harper's BAZAAR, "Kendall Jenner and Ben Simmons Show Rare PDA for Valentine's Day Date Night," 14 Feb. 2019 The organization helps fight against practices of the clothing industry that have turned it into one of the most polluting industries in the world. Erin Quinn-kong, Woman's Day, "Are Your Fast-Fashion Clothes Killing Farmers?," 14 Feb. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'against.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of against

Preposition

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Conjunction

14th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for against

Preposition

Middle English ayenest, ayenst, ayeinst, agaynste, alteration (with parasitic -t, perhaps originally from partial assimilation to a following article) of ayeines, ageynes, from ayein, ageyn again + -es -'s

Conjunction

Middle English, derivative of against against entry 1

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Statistics for against

Last Updated

13 Mar 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for against

The first known use of against was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for against

against

preposition

English Language Learners Definition of against

: in opposition to (someone or something)
: in competition with (someone or something)
used to indicate the person or thing that is affected or harmed by something

against

preposition
\ ə-ˈgenst How to pronounce against (audio) \

Kids Definition of against

1 : opposed to Everyone was against her idea.
2 : not agreeing with or allowed by against the law
3 : as protection from We built a shelter against the cold.
4 : in or into contact with The ball bounced against the wall.
5 : in a direction opposite to against the wind
6 : before the background of green trees against a blue sky

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More from Merriam-Webster on against

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for against

Spanish Central: Translation of against

Nglish: Translation of against for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of against for Arabic Speakers

Comments on against

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the range of authority or knowledge

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