against

preposition
\ ə-ˈgen(t)st How to pronounce against (audio) , -ˈgin(t)st, -ˈgān(t)st\

Definition of against

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : in opposition or hostility to spoke against his enemies
b : not in conformity with : contrary to against the law
c : in competition with racing against each other
d : as a basis for disapproval of had nothing against him
2a : directly opposite : facing … she sat down just over against me …— Daniel Defoe
b obsolete : exposed to
3 : compared or contrasted with profits are up against last year
4a : in preparation or provision for saving against an uncertain future
b : as a defense or protection from a shelter against the cold
5a : in the direction of and into contact with knocked against the ropes
b : in contact with leaning against the wall
6 : in a direction opposite to the motion or course of : counter to sail against the wind
7a : as a counterbalance to weighing risk against profit
b : in exchange for a lower rate against the dollar
c : as a charge on charged against her account
8 : before the background of viewed against the sky

against

conjunction

Definition of against (Entry 2 of 2)

archaic
: in preparation for the time when … throw on another log of wood against father comes home.— Charles Dickens

Keep scrolling for more

Synonyms for against

Synonyms: Preposition

on, upon

Visit the Thesaurus for More 

Examples of against in a Sentence

Preposition

We must continue the struggle for justice and against injustice. She voted against the proposal. He spoke against appeasing the enemy. Some people were for the proposal but others were against it. There's a law against doing that. two runners racing against each other Touching the ball with your hands is against the rules.
See More

Recent Examples on the Web: Preposition

Further, this allegation is not far from what Summer Zervos—the former Apprentice contestant who filed a defamation lawsuit against Trump—has alleged. Cady Drell, Marie Claire, "Another Woman Has Accused Donald Trump of Sexual Misconduct," 25 Feb. 2019 The Fed in 2017 first sought a permanent ban against Mr. Fletcher. Mengqi Sun, WSJ, "Fed Bars Former JPMorgan Subsidiary Executive Over Referral Hiring Scheme," 22 Feb. 2019 For a time, Epstein was markedly forthcoming about some of the allegations against him. Jane Coaston, Vox, "Jeffrey Epstein, the convicted sex offender who is friends with Donald Trump and Bill Clinton, explained," 22 Feb. 2019 Tucked against the Atlantic Ocean and surrounded by dense jungle, its location is an ideal place for a spaceport. Joe Pappalardo, Popular Mechanics, "Can the U.S. Save Alcantara, Brazil’s Cursed Spaceport?," 20 Mar. 2019 This reads the brush bars resistance against the surface on which its cleaning and communicates that to the vacuum’s motor and the battery’s microprocessors. Sarah Bogdan, Good Housekeeping, "Dyson’s New V11 Torque Drive Stick Vacuum Has Features That Will Blow You Away," 20 Mar. 2019 But Zuckerberg’s lengthy vision plan barely mentioned advertising and completely ignored fake news and other misinformation—some of the top criticisms leveled against the social network. Mark Hachman, PCWorld, "Zuckerberg, Facebook commit to building 'privacy focused platform,' dodging ads and fake news," 6 Mar. 2019 There have been some sensational plays, such as Wagner’s offensive-line leaping field goal block against the Vikings last December, or his 98-yard pick six vs. the 49ers eight days earlier. Matt Calkins, The Seattle Times, "Is Bobby Wagner the most underappreciated superstar in Seattle sports history?," 20 Feb. 2019 Equipped with police, medical and legal personnel, One Stop Centers they are meant to be places where the physical, psychological and legal implications of violence against women can be addressed and support found. Caterina Clerici & Eléonore Hamelin, Marie Claire, "Rwanda's Future Is Female," 1 Feb. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'against.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of against

Preposition

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Conjunction

14th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for against

Preposition

Middle English ayenest, ayenst, ayeinst, agaynste, alteration (with parasitic -t, perhaps originally from partial assimilation to a following article) of ayeines, ageynes, from ayein, ageyn again + -es -'s

Conjunction

Middle English, derivative of against against entry 1

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about against

Statistics for against

Last Updated

24 Apr 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for against

The first known use of against was in the 13th century

See more words from the same century

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for against

against

preposition

English Language Learners Definition of against

: in opposition to (someone or something)
: in competition with (someone or something)
used to indicate the person or thing that is affected or harmed by something

against

preposition
\ ə-ˈgenst How to pronounce against (audio) \

Kids Definition of against

1 : opposed to Everyone was against her idea.
2 : not agreeing with or allowed by against the law
3 : as protection from We built a shelter against the cold.
4 : in or into contact with The ball bounced against the wall.
5 : in a direction opposite to against the wind
6 : before the background of green trees against a blue sky

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on against

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for against

Spanish Central: Translation of against

Nglish: Translation of against for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of against for Arabic Speakers

Comments on against

What made you want to look up against? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

to move or proceed with twists and turns

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Words from Greek and Latin Quiz

  • roman forum
  • Which of the following months comes from a Latin word for “ten”?
True or False

Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
SCRABBLE® Sprint

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!