against

1 of 2

preposition

ə-ˈgen(t)st How to pronounce against (audio)
-ˈgin(t)st,
-ˈgān(t)st
1
a
: in opposition or hostility to
spoke against his enemies
b
: not in conformity with : contrary to
against the law
c
: in competition with
racing against each other
d
: as a basis for disapproval of
had nothing against him
2
a
: directly opposite : facing
… she sat down just over against me …Daniel Defoe
b
obsolete : exposed to
3
: compared or contrasted with
profits are up against last year
4
a
: in preparation or provision for
saving against an uncertain future
b
: as a defense or protection from
a shelter against the cold
5
a
: in the direction of and into contact with
knocked against the ropes
b
: in contact with
leaning against the wall
6
: in a direction opposite to the motion or course of : counter to
sail against the wind
7
a
: as a counterbalance to
weighing risk against profit
b
: in exchange for
a lower rate against the dollar
c
: as a charge on
charged against her account
8
: before the background of
viewed against the sky

against

2 of 2

conjunction

archaic
: in preparation for the time when
… throw on another log of wood against father comes home.Charles Dickens

Examples of against in a Sentence

Preposition We must continue the struggle for justice and against injustice. She voted against the proposal. He spoke against appeasing the enemy. Some people were for the proposal but others were against it. There's a law against doing that. two runners racing against each other Touching the ball with your hands is against the rules.
Recent Examples on the Web
Preposition
Initially intended to be a three-day strike, the workers’ protest against working conditions and pay disparities has turned into an indefinite strike. Boone Ashworth, WIRED, 13 July 2024 Last year, in 2023, Kate was at Wimbledon with Prince William and their two eldest kids, Prince George and Princess Charlotte, watching Carlos Alcaraz clinch victory against Novak Djokovic. Jenzia Burgos, StyleCaster, 13 July 2024 The Chicago Cubs were set up well heading into Saturday’s doubleheader against the St. Louis Cardinals. Meghan Montemurro, Chicago Tribune, 13 July 2024 Photo : Patek Philippe/Getty Harry Kane: Patek Philippe Aquanaut Travel Time England captain Harry Kane flexed another flashy Patek Philippe after winning against the Netherlands on Wednesday. Rachel Cormack, Robb Report, 13 July 2024 See all Example Sentences for against 

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'against.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Preposition

Middle English ayenest, ayenst, ayeinst, agaynste, alteration (with parasitic -t, perhaps originally from partial assimilation to a following article) of ayeines, ageynes, from ayein, ageyn again + -es -'s

Conjunction

Middle English, derivative of against against entry 1

First Known Use

Preposition

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Conjunction

14th century, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of against was in the 13th century

Dictionary Entries Near against

Cite this Entry

“Against.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/against. Accessed 24 Jul. 2024.

Kids Definition

against

preposition
ə-ˈgen(t)st,
-ˈgin(t)st,
-ˈgān(t)st
1
a
: opposed to
a campaign against disease
play against each other
b
: contrary to
against the law
2
: opposite entry 4
over against the park
3
a
: in preparation for
storing food against the winter
b
: as a protection from
a shield against aggression
4
: in or into contact with
ran against a tree
leaning against the wall
5
: in a direction opposite to
against the wind
6
: before the background of
green trees against the blue sky

More from Merriam-Webster on against

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