affirm

verb
af·​firm | \ ə-ˈfərm How to pronounce affirm (audio) \
affirmed; affirming; affirms

Definition of affirm

transitive verb

1a : validate, confirm He was affirmed as a candidate.
b : to state positively He affirmed his innocence.
2 : to assert (something, such as a judgment or decree) as valid or confirmed The court affirmed his conviction.
3 : to show or express a strong belief in or dedication to (something, such as an important idea) laws affirming the racial equality of all people

intransitive verb

1 : to testify or declare by affirmation (see affirmation sense 2) as distinguished from swearing an oath
2 : to uphold a judgment or decree of a lower court

Other Words from affirm

affirmable \ ə-​ˈfər-​mə-​bəl How to pronounce affirm (audio) \ adjective
affirmance \ ə-​ˈfər-​mən(t)s How to pronounce affirm (audio) \ noun

Choose the Right Synonym for affirm

assert, declare, affirm, protest, avow mean to state positively usually in anticipation of denial or objection. assert implies stating confidently without need for proof or regard for evidence. asserted that modern music is just noise declare stresses open or public statement. declared her support for the candidate affirm implies conviction based on evidence, experience, or faith. affirmed the existence of an afterlife protest emphasizes affirming in the face of denial or doubt. protested that he really had been misquoted avow stresses frank declaration and acknowledgment of personal responsibility for what is declared. avowed that all investors would be repaid in full

Examples of affirm in a Sentence

We cannot affirm that this painting is genuine. They neither affirmed nor denied their guilt. laws affirming the racial equality of all peoples They continued to affirm their religious beliefs. The decision was affirmed by a higher court.
Recent Examples on the Web Catholics in the United States can finally and openly affirm these views. James Carroll, The New Yorker, 19 Aug. 2022 Another is examining the actions surrounding Jan. 6, when thousands of Trump supporters, many armed, overran the Capitol on the day that Congress was to count the electoral ballots and affirm Mr. Biden's victory in the 2020. Andres Triay, CBS News, 27 July 2022 Historian Doris Kearns Goodwin was on hand to affirm the president’s analogy and urge him to aim high. Elliot Kaufman, WSJ, 29 Aug. 2022 But the struggle to affirm the right to water and to build the systems to bring clean water to Native people has revealed long-standing inequities in water policy. AZCentral.com, 8 Aug. 2022 Put tangible resources behind efforts that affirm your employees’ excellent work and support their emotional and physical well-being. Tim Foot, Forbes, 19 July 2022 The plaintiffs asked the court to simply affirm Benitez’s ruling as in line with Bruen and allow the sale of military-style weapons in California again. Kevin Rectorstaff Writer, Los Angeles Times, 17 July 2022 That can help people affirm their identities and ensure that their dead names are not being disclosed. Nerd Wallet, oregonlive, 9 July 2022 Support, plan and execute events to celebrate and affirm the gay community. Sherry Greenfield, Baltimore Sun, 22 June 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'affirm.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of affirm

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for affirm

alteration (conformed to Latin affirmāre) of Middle English affermen "to fix firmly, make steadfast, establish, confirm, assert," borrowed from Anglo-French afermer, affermer, going back to Latin affirmāre "to strengthen, confirm, assert positively," from ad- ad- + firmāre "to strengthen, fortify," derivative of firmus "strong, durable, firm entry 1"

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Time Traveler for affirm

Time Traveler

The first known use of affirm was in the 14th century

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Dictionary Entries Near affirm

affinity marketing

affirm

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Last Updated

26 Sep 2022

Cite this Entry

“Affirm.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/affirm. Accessed 1 Oct. 2022.

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More Definitions for affirm

affirm

verb
af·​firm | \ ə-ˈfərm How to pronounce affirm (audio) \
affirmed; affirming

Kids Definition of affirm

: to declare that something is true The man affirms that he is innocent.

affirm

transitive verb
af·​firm | \ ə-ˈfərm How to pronounce affirm (audio) \

Legal Definition of affirm

1 : to assert as true or factual
2 : to assert (as a judgment) as valid or confirmed affirmed the lower court's ruling — compare remand, reverse

intransitive verb

1 : to make a solemn declaration under the penalties of perjury in place of swearing an oath to which one conscientiously objects
2 : to uphold the judgment or actions of a lower court the appeals court affirmed

Other Words from affirm

affirmance \ ə-​ˈfər-​məns How to pronounce affirm (audio) \ noun
affirmation \ ˌa-​fər-​ˈmā-​shən How to pronounce affirm (audio) \ noun

More from Merriam-Webster on affirm

Nglish: Translation of affirm for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of affirm for Arabic Speakers

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