: either of two retroviruses that infect and destroy helper T cells of the immune system causing the marked reduction in their numbers that is diagnostic of AIDS

called also AIDS virus, human immunodeficiency virus

compare hiv-1, hiv-2

Examples of HIV in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Romano, a gay man with over 2 million followers on the app, does not have HIV, has never had HIV and has never been suspected of having HIV. Taylor Lorenz, Washington Post, 8 Feb. 2024 Fauci helped spearhead the development of effective drugs to treat HIV. Carly Tagen-Dye, Peoplemag, 8 Feb. 2024 PrEP is nearly 100% effective at preventing HIV transmission, but far too many Californians lack access to it. Andrew Sheeler, Sacramento Bee, 7 Feb. 2024 In 1990, these countries, many of which are in Africa, suffered from war, political upheaval, and the lethal spread of HIV/AIDS. Elizabeth Rayne, Ars Technica, 4 Feb. 2024 Proceeds from the cabaret will directly support GMHC’s lifesaving programs for thousands of people living with and affected by HIV and AIDS. Paul Grein, Billboard, 30 Jan. 2024 His other conditions -- including his yearslong diagnoses of HIV and substance abuse -- were also listed under cause of death on the death certificate. Kiara Alfonseca, ABC News, 26 Jan. 2024 Related Articles On Sixth Avenue, Alexis Milligan, a staffer with a local HIV prevention nonprofit, chatted at length with a man who had just been let out of prison. Kate Talerico, The Mercury News, 25 Jan. 2024 Medical records show that Overfield was not administered his HIV antiretroviral medications while in jail. Noah Goldberg, Los Angeles Times, 24 Jan. 2024 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'HIV.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

First Known Use

1986, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of HIV was in 1986

Dictionary Entries Near HIV

Cite this Entry

“HIV.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/HIV. Accessed 20 Feb. 2024.

Kids Definition

: any of a group of viruses that infect and destroy helper T cells causing the marked reduction in their numbers that is diagnostic of AIDS

Medical Definition

: any of several retroviruses and especially HIV-1 that infect and destroy helper T cells of the immune system causing the marked reduction in their numbers that is diagnostic of AIDS

called also AIDS virus, human immunodeficiency virus

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
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