Cooley's anemia

noun
Coo·​ley's anemia | \ ˈkü-lēz- How to pronounce Cooley's anemia (audio) \

Definition of Cooley's anemia

: an inherited disorder of hemoglobin synthesis that is the most severe form of beta-thalassemia, is marked by severe anemia associated with deficient hemoglobin, the presence of microcytes, and accelerated red cell destruction, and is associated with enlargement of the liver and spleen, an increase in erythroid bone marrow, bone deformities, and poor growth rate

Note: Cooley's anemia is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait requiring that both parents pass on a copy of the defective gene located on the chromosome numbered 11. Cooley's anemia occurs especially in individuals of Mediterranean ancestry and necessitates regular blood transfusions throughout life.

First Known Use of Cooley's anemia

1934, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for Cooley's anemia

Thomas B. Cooley †1945 American pediatrician

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The first known use of Cooley's anemia was in 1934

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Cooley's anemia

noun
Coo·​ley's anemia | \ ˌkü-lēz- How to pronounce Cooley's anemia (audio) \
variants: also Cooley's disease

Medical Definition of Cooley's anemia

: an inherited disorder of hemoglobin synthesis that is the most severe form of beta-thalassemia, is marked by severe anemia associated with deficient hemoglobin, the presence of microcytes, and accelerated red cell destruction, and is associated with enlargement of the liver and spleen, an increase in the erythroid bone marrow, bone deformities, and poor growth rate

called also beta-thalassemia major, thalassemia major

Note: Cooley's anemia is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait requiring that both parents pass on a copy of the defective gene located on the chromosome numbered 11. Cooley's anemia occurs especially in individuals of Mediterranean ancestry and necessitates regular blood transfusions throughout life.

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