Merriam-Webster Logo
  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
  • Scrabble
  • Spanish Central
  • Learner's Dictionary




Synonyms and Antonyms of abstract

  1. 1 dealing with or expressing a quality or idea <the book deals with abstract matters such as honesty and integrity on the job as well as practical subjects such as asking for a raise> Synonyms conceptual, ideal, ideational, metaphysical, notional, theoretical (also theoretic) Related Words conjectural, hypothetical, speculative; cosmic (also cosmical), intellectual, mental, spiritual; ethereal, immaterial, incorporeal, insubstantial, nonmaterial, nonphysical, unsubstantial; impalpable, imperceptible, insensible, intangible, invisible; impractical, romantic, transcendent, transcendental, unreal, utopian, visionary Near Antonyms material, physical; appreciable, detectable, discernible (also discernable), noticeable, observable, palpable, perceptible, sensible, substantial, tangible, visible; defined, definite, distinct; actual, factual, real Antonyms concrete, nonabstract

  2. 2 using elements of form (as color, line, or texture) with little or no attempt at creating a realistic picture <Cubism is a style of abstract art in which natural forms are broken up into geometric shapes> Synonyms nonfigurative, nonobjective, nonrealistic, nonrepresentational Related Words expressionist, expressionistic, impressionist, impressionistic; symbolist, symbolistic Near Antonyms lifelike, natural Antonyms figurative, naturalistic (also naturalist), nonabstract, objective, realistic, representational



Synonyms and Antonyms of abstract

  1. 1 a short statement of the main points <the scientist wrote a bare-bones abstract of his research and conclusions> Synonyms summary, breviary, brief, capsule, conspectus, digest, encapsulation, epitome, inventory, outline, précis, recap, recapitulation, résumé (or resume also resumé), roundup, rundown, run-through, sum, summa, summarization, summing-up, sum-up, synopsis, wrap-upRelated Words abbreviation, abridgment (or abridgement), compend, compendium, condensation, curtailment, shortening; simplification, streamlining; rehash, reprise; conclusion, epilogue (also epilog)Near Antonyms amplification, enlargement, expansion; addendum, supplement

  2. 2 a visible representation of something abstract (as a quality) <a recent college valedictorian who's been hailed as the very abstract of what's right with today's young people> Synonyms embodiment, avatar, embodier, epitome, externalization, genius, icon (also ikon), image, incarnation, incorporation, instantiation, manifestation, objectification, personification, personifierRelated Words actualization, concretization, exemplification, personalization, realization, substantiation; essence, quintessence, soul; archetype, exemplar, model, paradigm, pattern; reincarnation



Synonyms and Antonyms of abstract

  1. 1 to draw the attention or mind to something else <personal problems abstracted him so persistently that he struggled to keep his mind on his work> Synonyms distract, call off, detract, divert, throw offRelated Words amuse, beguile, entertain; stray, wanderNear Antonyms concentrate, focus

  2. 2 to make into a short statement of the main points (as of a report) <took the 135-page report and abstracted it in three short paragraphs> Synonyms summarize, boil down, brief, digest, encapsulate, epitomize, outline, recap, recapitulate, reprise, sum up, synopsize, wrap upRelated Words abridge, condense, curtail, cut back, shorten; downsize, shrink; concentrate, consolidate; decoct, essentialize; simplify, streamlineNear Antonyms elongate, extend, lengthen, prolong, protract; amplify, elaborate (on or upon), enlarge (on or upon), expand, supplement

Learn More about abstract

Seen and Heard

What made you want to look up abstract? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


a dwelling place or home

Get Word of the Day daily email!


Take a 3-minute break and test your skills!

  • bride-of-dracula-in-cat-form-surrounded-by-candles-and-somewhat-bewilderingly-orange-sacks-instead-of-surely-much-cheaper-and-easier-to-find-actual-pumpkins
  • Which is a synonym of phlegmatic?
Name That Thing

Test your visual vocabulary with our 10-question challenge!


Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.