disposition


dis·po·si·tion

noun \ˌdis-pə-ˈzi-shən\

: the usual attitude or mood of a person or animal

: a tendency to act or think in a particular way

: a tendency to develop a disease, condition, etc.

Full Definition of DISPOSITION

1
:  the act or the power of disposing or the state of being disposed: as
a :  administration, control
b :  final arrangement :  settlement <the disposition of the case>
c (1) :  transfer to the care or possession of another
(2) :  the power of such transferal
d :  orderly arrangement (see 1dispose)
2
a :  prevailing tendency, mood, or inclination
b :  temperamental makeup
c :  the tendency of something to act in a certain manner under given circumstances
dis·po·si·tion·al \-ˈzish-nəl, -ˈzi-shə-nəl\ adjective

Examples of DISPOSITION

  1. a dog with an excellent disposition
  2. Her disposition was to always think negatively.
  3. He has a disposition toward criminal behavior.
  4. people with a genetic disposition toward a particular disease
  5. A will is a legal document that is used in the disposition of property.
  6. They move jerkily, like puppets, but have a happy disposition; they are perpetually smiling and are given to frequent paroxysms of laughter. —Matt Ridley, Genome, 1999

Origin of DISPOSITION

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin disposition-, dispositio, from disponere (see 1dispose)
First Known Use: 14th century

Synonym Discussion of DISPOSITION

disposition, temperament, temper, character, personality mean the dominant quality or qualities distinguishing a person or group. disposition implies customary moods and attitude toward the life around one <a cheerful disposition>. temperament implies a pattern of innate characteristics associated with one's specific physical and nervous organization <an artistic temperament>. temper implies the qualities acquired through experience that determine how a person or group meets difficulties or handles situations <a resilient temper>. character applies to the aggregate of moral qualities by which a person is judged apart from intelligence, competence, or special talents <strength of character>. personality applies to an aggregate of qualities that distinguish one as a person <a somber personality>.

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