The Good, The Bad, & The Semantically Imprecise - 12/20/19
Welcome to The Good, The Bad, & The Semantically Imprecise, in which we look over some of the words that tickled your curiosity this past week. Please note that the word bad is used here in a semantically vague fashion; we do not really think of any words as bad (although sometimes they are a bit unruly).
The feel-good word of the past week, at least for people who enjoy Christopher Nolan movies, was tenet.
Christopher Nolan unveiled the first look at “Tenet,” his international espionage action epic starring John David Washington and Robert Pattinson.
— Rebecca Rubin, Variety, 19 Dec. 2019
A tenet is “a principle, belief, or doctrine generally held to be true.” A tenant is “one who rents or leases a dwelling (such as a house) from a landlord.” We occasionally see these words confused; if you would like a tool for distinguishing between them simply try to remember that tenants can have tenets, but tenets cannot have tenants.
The sudden and dramatic appearance of a pre-winter squall on Wednesday sent many scurrying to their dictionary in order to find out more about this weather phenomenon.
New York City was swept away by a snow squall—a quick burst of intense heavy snowfall—on Wednesday, just days ahead of the official start of winter.
— Soo Kim, Newsweek (newsweek.com), 19 Dec. 2019
The sense of squall referenced above is “a sudden violent wind often with rain or snow.” The word is probably of Scandinavian origin (it is akin to the Swedish skval, meaning “rushing water”). Squall may also mean “a short-lived commotion,” “a raucous cry,” and “to utter in a strident voice.”
While we’re on the subjects of strident voices uttering things, raucous cries, and commotions, a politician last week used the word irregardless, and a million angry Twitter accounts squalled squalls in a squall.
During the debates on impeachment at the House of Representatives yesterday, Rep. Doug Collins of Georgia reignited an enduring fight when he used the word “irregardless.”
— Ephat Livni, Quartz (quartz.com), 19 Dec. 2019
Many people are of the opinion that using irregardless unironically (irironically?) makes a person appear less intelligent. You may decide this for yourselves, for the indicators of intelligence are peculiar to each of us, and vary widely. For instance, some lexicographers have been known to claim that it is loudly declaiming “irregardless is NOT a word” that makes someone appear less intelligent. Every major modern dictionary defines irregardless, because it is a word. Anyone who has a problem with this can meet us behind school later today to settle this the old fashioned way: with copious citations of use in published, edited prose over the past 225 years.
There were a number of other words spiking in lookups last week due to the impeachment investigation into (and subsequent impeachment of) President Trump. Unsurprisingly, impeach was among these.
The House of Representatives on Wednesday impeached President Trump for abuse of power and obstruction of Congress, making him the third president in history to be charged with committing high crimes and misdemeanors and face removal by the Senate.
— Nicholas Fandos and Michael D. Shear, The New York Times, 18 Dec. 2019
There are a number of possible meanings to the word impeach, which has been in use in English since the middle of the 16th century. The citation above, which obviously distinguishes between being impeached and being removed from office, nicely illustrates the sense of the word that is most relevant of late: “to charge with a crime or misdemeanor; specifically, to charge (a public official) before a competent tribunal with misconduct in office.” While impeach has been used over the centuries to refer to removing a person from office, that sense is inapplicable to the U. S. government. Presidents (and other officials) must be tried and convicted subsequent to being impeached before removal can occur.
GOP begins impeachment delay tactics with motion to adjourn
— (headline) The Hill (thehill.com), 18 Dec. 2019
When adjourn is used in a transitive manner it means “to suspend indefinitely or until a later stated time”: when used as an intransitive verb it may mean either “to suspend a session indefinitely or to another time or place” or “to move to another place.”
Gravamen means “the material or significant part of a grievance or complaint,” and is the kind of word that tends to provoke excitement in people who remember law school fondly, and induces boredom in everyone else. But gravamen needn’t only cause boredom in the non-lawyers among us, as the word has a number of interesting aspects. For one thing, it has two plurals, gravamens and gravamina. For another thing, the Latin gravis (meaning “heavy”) serves as part of its origin, a root that it shares with other English words such as ingravescent (“gradually increasing in severity”), graveolent (“having a rank smell”), and gravedo (“cold in the head”). What more could you want from a word?
Our Antedating of the Week: 'immoral'
This week our antedating is immoral, a word defined as “not moral,” and, in a broad sense, “conflicting with generally or traditionally held moral principles.” Someone is always being immoral somewhere or other, and it turns out the word for this behavior is a bit older than we thought. Our earliest record of use had come in 1660, but recent findings show that we’ve been calling people and things immoral since almost a century prior to that date.
You seme to deduce an argument against this Sacrifice made by a priest, of the basenes and vilenesse of humaine condition, as though man, who in dede is mortal and miserable, and a mortal creature, as you terme him, were not worthy, he could not be made worthy, to offer vp the Immoral Sonne of God vnto his Father.
— Thomas Harding, _ A reioindre to M. Iewels replie against the sacrifice of the Masse_, 1567