yellow fever

noun

Definition of yellow fever

  1. :  an acute infectious disease that is endemic in sub-Saharan Africa and tropical South America, is marked by symptoms (such as fever, muscle pain, and headache) of sudden onset which typically resolve within a few days but are sometimes followed by more serious symptoms (such as jaundice, high fever, and hemorrhage), and is caused by a flavivirus (species Yellow fever virus of the genus Flavivirus) transmitted especially by the yellow-fever mosquito

1738

First Known Use of yellow fever

1738


YELLOW FEVER Defined for English Language Learners

yellow fever

noun

Definition of yellow fever for English Language Learners

  • medical : a serious disease that causes fever and often yellowing of the skin and that is passed from one person to another especially by the bite of mosquitoes


YELLOW FEVER Defined for Kids

yellow fever

noun

Definition of yellow fever for Students

  1. :  a disease carried by mosquitoes in parts of Africa and South America


Medical Dictionary

yellow fever

noun

Medical Definition of yellow fever

  1. :  an infectious disease of sudden onset that is endemic in sub-Saharan Africa and tropical South America and includes acute symptoms (as fever, muscle pain, headache, and nausea) which typically resolve within a few days but are sometimes followed by more serious symptoms (as jaundice, abdominal pain, high fever, hemorrhage, and kidney impairment) which may lead to death Yellow fever is caused by a single-stranded RNA virus of the genus Flavivirus (species Yellow fever virus) transmitted from monkey to human or human to human especially by the yellow-fever mosquito. <Few Americans realize that yellow fever was not always a disease of the faraway tropics. In 1878, an outbreak of yellow fever—the virus carried to the United States in mosquitoes from Africa—killed 20,000 people in the Mississippi Valley.—Mary Roach, The New York Times Book Review, 5 Nov. 2006> <Although mass vaccination campaigns in Africa between the 1940s and 1960s led to the near disappearance of yellow fever, inadequately immunized populations and urbanization set the stage for the disease to reemerge. By the 1990s, there were an estimated 200 000 annual cases, with 30 000 deaths.—Clem Spalding, The Journal of the American Medical Association, 20 June 2007>—called also yellow jack



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