year

noun
\ ˈyir \

Definition of year

1a : the period of about 3651/4 solar days required for one revolution of the earth around the sun
b : the time required for the apparent sun to return to an arbitrary fixed or moving reference point in the sky
c : the time in which a planet completes a revolution about the sun two Mercury years
2a : a cycle in the Gregorian calendar of 365 or 366 days divided into 12 months beginning with January and ending with December
b : a period of time equal to one year of the Gregorian calendar but beginning at a different time
3 : a calendar year specified usually by a number died in the year 1900
4 years plural : a time or era having a special significance their glory years
5a : 12 months that constitute a measure of age or duration her 21st year often used in combination a year-old child
b years plural : age wise beyond her years also : the final stage of the normal life span
6 : a period of time (such as the usually 9-month period in which a school is in session) other than a calendar year

Examples of year in a Sentence

I haven't seen her in a year. He quit smoking six years ago. The job pays $45,000 a year. She renews her lease every year. We see them once or twice a year. It feels like we've been standing in line for a year. That team hasn't won in years. It's been years since I've been on an airplane. The work should be done by the end of the year. She was born in the year 1967.
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Recent Examples on the Web

That was the fourth move that year, which left the overnight target rate range between 2.25% and 2.50%. Michael S. Derby, WSJ, "Fed’s Bostic: It’s Time for Fed to Be Patient With Monetary Policy," 9 Jan. 2019 Mass shooting at Florida Madden tournament leaves multiple casualties 2018 was an especially bad year for gun violence in the US, with mass shootings in schools, bars, synagogues, and offices. Eric Bangeman, Ars Technica, "Talk amongst yourselves: 2018’s most-commented stories on Ars," 24 Dec. 2018 An analysis of students from Colorado College showed gap-year participants graduate slightly faster and have higher GPAs. Melissa Korn, WSJ, "Welcome to College. Now Take a Year Off," 25 Dec. 2018 But that takes years for the product life cycle for cars. Eric Johnson, Recode, "What’s next for virtual assistants like Alexa? Maybe buying stuff for you automatically.," 24 Dec. 2018 The crises of one year are rarely contained by the calendar, spilling over for months, years, and frequently decades. Jen Kirby, Vox, "The 7 biggest foreign news stories to watch in 2019, from Brexit to North Korea," 24 Dec. 2018 June 2017 Simons wins the menswear and womenswear designer of the year awards for his Calvin Klein collections from the CFDA. Steff Yotka, Vogue, "A Brief History of Raf Simons’s Storied Career in Fashion," 22 Dec. 2018 Many agencies, including the Pentagon and the departments of Veterans Affairs and Health and Human Services, are already funded for the year and will continue to operate as usual. Lisa Mascaro, The Seattle Times, "Shutdown talk recedes after White House eases wall threat," 18 Dec. 2018 Sure, League of Legends and Dota 2 will continue on apace for countless years, but the gold rush has ended—or at least moved on to newer genres, with all those MOBA companies now building battle royale games. Hayden Dingman, PCWorld, "This week in games: Heroes of the Storm winds down, Monster Hunter adds The Witcher's Geralt," 14 Dec. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'year.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of year

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for year

Middle English yere, from Old English gēar; akin to Old High German jār year, Greek hōros year, hōra season, hour

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Statistics for year

Last Updated

12 Jan 2019

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Time Traveler for year

The first known use of year was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for year

year

noun

Financial Definition of year

What It Is

In the business world, a year is a 12-month period, four-quarter period, or 13-period stretch of time. It is not always 365 days long, though it is usually very close to that. In business, note that a fiscal year does not always go from January 1 to December 31; many companies have fiscal years beginning at other times.

How It Works

Years are important because they create time frames for comparing information. For example, let's assume Company XYZ's fiscal year began on January 1 and that today is March 31. During this time, Company XYZ recorded the following:

By comparing the 2012 revenues with the 2011 revenues, we can calculate that Company XYZ was up 50% year over year.

Why It Matters

Yearly information is useful in looking for trends or measuring performance against goals. Remember, though that comparing year-over-year information among companies with different fiscal-year start dates can distort an analysis: The time included may vary and seasonal factors may become skewed. It is also important to remember that the extra day in leap years may also distort comparisons.

Source: Investing Answers

year

noun

English Language Learners Definition of year

: a unit of time that is equal to 12 months or 365 or sometimes 366 days

: the regular period of 12 months that begins in January and ends in December

—used to refer to the age of a person

year

noun
\ ˈyir \

Kids Definition of year

1 : the period of about 365¹/₄ days required for the earth to make one complete trip around the sun
2 : a period of 365 days or in leap year 366 days beginning January 1
3 : a fixed period of time the school year
4 : the age of a person a six-year old
5 : a long time We've been standing in line for a year.

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More from Merriam-Webster on year

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with year

Spanish Central: Translation of year

Nglish: Translation of year for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of year for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about year

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