year

noun
\ ˈyir How to pronounce year (audio) \

Definition of year

1a : the period of about 3651/4 solar days required for one revolution of the earth around the sun
b : the time required for the apparent sun to return to an arbitrary fixed or moving reference point in the sky
c : the time in which a planet completes a revolution about the sun two Mercury years
2a : a cycle in the Gregorian calendar of 365 or 366 days divided into 12 months beginning with January and ending with December
b : a period of time equal to one year of the Gregorian calendar but beginning at a different time
3 : a calendar year specified usually by a number died in the year 1900
4 years plural : a time or era having a special significance their glory years
5a : 12 months that constitute a measure of age or duration her 21st year often used in combinationa year-old child
b years plural : age wise beyond her years also : the final stage of the normal life span
6 : a period of time (such as the usually 9-month period in which a school is in session) other than a calendar year

Examples of year in a Sentence

I haven't seen her in a year. He quit smoking six years ago. The job pays $45,000 a year. She renews her lease every year. We see them once or twice a year. It feels like we've been standing in line for a year. That team hasn't won in years. It's been years since I've been on an airplane. The work should be done by the end of the year. She was born in the year 1967.
See More
Recent Examples on the Web In what month of 2021 are the Tokyo Summer Olympics now scheduled to begin -- almost exactly a year after they were originally supposed to be held? 5. CNN, "CNN 10 - April 3, 2020," 3 Apr. 2020 Any vaccine for the disease is more than a year away from being available and the effectiveness of drugs under trial won’t be known for months to come. Fortune, "Countries that mandate TB vaccine are seeing fewer coronavirus deaths," 2 Apr. 2020 The station accounted for well over 100 million passenger trips a year. Laurie Garrett, The New Republic, "How Trump and Xi set the stage for the coronavirus pandemic," 2 Apr. 2020 And statutes of limitations can be as short as a year. Cara Kelly, USA TODAY, "Centuries-old laws may shield the cruise industry from huge payouts in coronavirus suits," 2 Apr. 2020 Spending, which had been growing at roughly 5 percent a year for decades, fell during the Great Recession of 2008–09. Ramesh Ponnuru, National Review, "The Fed and the Virus," 2 Apr. 2020 Passenger numbers are expected to nearly double by 2037, while airlines’ fuel efficiency is improving by only 1 or 2 percent a year. Christie Aschwanden, Wired, "How Airlines Are Trying to Boost Efficiency and Cut Emissions," 1 Apr. 2020 In recent days only a couple of hundred thousand daily air travelers have been moving through security checkpoints, compared with 3.6 million a year ago, said Mark Zandi of Moody’s Analytics, citing government statistics. Los Angeles Times, "Coronavirus recession now expected to be deeper and longer," 1 Apr. 2020 And last summer, less than a year after Allen died in October, 2018, Stratolaunch effectively ceased operations. Eric Berger, Ars Technica, "The world’s largest aircraft will now test hypersonics for the military," 1 Apr. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'year.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of year

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for year

Middle English yere, from Old English gēar; akin to Old High German jār year, Greek hōros year, hōra season, hour

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about year

Time Traveler for year

Time Traveler

The first known use of year was before the 12th century

See more words from the same century

Statistics for year

Last Updated

24 Apr 2020

Cite this Entry

“Year.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/year. Accessed 29 May. 2020.

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for year

year

noun

Financial Definition of year

What It Is

In the business world, a year is a 12-month period, four-quarter period, or 13-period stretch of time. It is not always 365 days long, though it is usually very close to that. In business, note that a fiscal year does not always go from January 1 to December 31; many companies have fiscal years beginning at other times.

How It Works

Years are important because they create time frames for comparing information. For example, let's assume Company XYZ's fiscal year began on January 1 and that today is March 31. During this time, Company XYZ recorded the following:

By comparing the 2012 revenues with the 2011 revenues, we can calculate that Company XYZ was up 50% year over year.

Why It Matters

Yearly information is useful in looking for trends or measuring performance against goals. Remember, though that comparing year-over-year information among companies with different fiscal-year start dates can distort an analysis: The time included may vary and seasonal factors may become skewed. It is also important to remember that the extra day in leap years may also distort comparisons.

Source: Investing Answers

year

noun
How to pronounce year (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of year

: a unit of time that is equal to 12 months or 365 or sometimes 366 days
: the regular period of 12 months that begins in January and ends in December
used to refer to the age of a person

year

noun
\ ˈyir How to pronounce year (audio) \

Kids Definition of year

1 : the period of about 365¹/₄ days required for the earth to make one complete trip around the sun
2 : a period of 365 days or in leap year 366 days beginning January 1
3 : a fixed period of time the school year
4 : the age of a person a six-year old
5 : a long time We've been standing in line for a year.

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on year

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for year

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with year

Spanish Central: Translation of year

Nglish: Translation of year for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of year for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about year

Comments on year

What made you want to look up year? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

See Definitions and Examples »

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

May 2020 Words of the Day Quiz

  • a blooming wisteria tree
  • Which is a synonym of exiguous?
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

TAKE THE QUIZ
Citation

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!