weath·​er | \ ˈwe-t͟hər How to pronounce weather (audio) \

Definition of weather

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : the state of the atmosphere with respect to heat or cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or cloudiness
2 : state or vicissitude of life or fortune
3 : disagreeable atmospheric conditions: such as
a : rain, storm
b : cold air with dampness
to weather
: in the direction from which the wind is blowing
under the weather


weathered; weathering\ ˈwet͟h-​riŋ How to pronounce weathering (audio) , ˈwe-​t͟hə-​ \

Definition of weather (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to expose to the open air : subject to the action of the elements
2 : to bear up against and come safely through weather a storm weather a crisis

intransitive verb

: to undergo or endure the action of the elements



Definition of weather (Entry 3 of 3)

: of or relating to the side facing the wind — compare lee

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Synonyms for weather

Synonyms: Verb

ride (out), survive

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Examples of weather in a Sentence


The weather today will be hot and dry. The hikers sought protection from the weather under an overhang. It looks like we're in for some weather tomorrow. We'll take a look at the weather right after this commercial break. Check the weather before you make plans.


The wood on the porch has weathered over the years. They weathered a terrible storm while at sea. He has weathered the criticism well.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The season typically runs from August to September, but depending on weather conditions, that can be shorter or longer. Priya Krishna, Bon Appétit, "How Hatch Chile Season Became the Pumpkin Spice of the Southwest," 13 Sep. 2019 The Electric Reliability Council of Texas expects peak demand during the fall to reach 61,034 megawatts, reflecting normal weather conditions between 2003 and 2017. L.m. Sixel, Houston Chronicle, "Texas expected to have plenty of power this fall, winter," 12 Sep. 2019 Increasingly volatile weather patterns could mean lower income for retail industry employees, who make up roughly 10% of the U.S. workforce, an analysis by Fed economist Brigitte Roth Tran found. Kate Gibson, CBS News, "Climate change could mean big pay swings for 10% of U.S. workers," 11 Sep. 2019 According to the National Weather Service, wind speed measured at Carroll County Regional Airport was 5 mph at about 5 p.m., and weather conditions were fair. Akira Kyles,, "Downed wires in Westminster cause about 2,000 power outages, BGE says," 11 Sep. 2019 More controlled burns in the Naches Ranger District are planned, if weather conditions permit. Janelle Retka, The Seattle Times, "Wildfire season in Washington more manageable than previous years — but it’s not over yet," 9 Sep. 2019 The causes could include a persistent low-pressure weather pattern that weakens the winds that otherwise mix and cool surface waters, according to NOAA research scientist Nathan Mantua. Fox News, "Scientists monitoring marine heat wave off West Coast which could disrupt ecosystem," 6 Sep. 2019 Among the causes is a persistent low-pressure weather pattern between Hawaii and Alaska that has weakened winds that otherwise might mix and cool surface waters across much of the North Pacific, said Nathan Mantua, a NOAA research scientist. Gene Johnson,, "Scientists monitoring new marine heat wave off West Coast," 5 Sep. 2019 The onslaught of fire is threatening wildlife and Earth’s oxygen in a disaster that experts are now saying will be felt around the world, including in the Midwest region of the U.S. as weather patterns shift. Rachel Desantis,, "Brazil Bans Legal Burning for 60 Days in Attempt to Help Curb Wildfires Ravaging the Amazon," 29 Aug. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Prior to Guerrero’s taking the helm of Portland Public Schools, Awwad was one of few top-level staffers who weathered a turbulent time that saw a high level of churn. oregonlive, "One year and $675,000 later, Portland Public Schools settles with former top administrator who dated subordinate," 12 Sep. 2019 Hurricane Dorian has become an all-out disaster and one that not even the most prepared could weather without loss or damage. Michelle Singletary, Washington Post, "Hurricanes can bring financial disasters. Are you prepared?," 5 Sep. 2019 The fossil had been found weathering out of a hillside along the South Saskatchewan River in southern Alberta, Canada. Hans-dieter Sues, Smithsonian, "How to Discover Dinosaurs," 3 Sep. 2019 For the 45th year in a row, seven of the most powerful people in the world will get together for an informal summit that has weathered everything from the Cold War through the global financial crisis to U.S. President Donald Trump's Twitter feed. David Mchugh,, "The G-7 is meeting this weekend in France: Here’s a quick guide to the group, which Trump says should let Russia back in," 23 Aug. 2019 There are no visible fine particles or dust on the surface, which scientists expected due to weathering. Ashley Strickland, CNN, "New images reveal Ryugu is an oddly dust-free asteroid," 22 Aug. 2019 What has caught the 38-year veteran teacher off-guard, however, is how well her group has weathered the change. Andrew J. Campa, Glendale News-Press, "Glendale, Burbank teachers unions say Janus decision has been galvanizing, not dividing," 16 Aug. 2019 Make like Dunst and opt for a swipe of classic red lipstick and—should weather permit—a show-stopping leg reveal. Calin Van Paris, Vogue, "Kirsten Dunst Steps Out in Fall's Chicest Transitional Hair Accessory," 16 Aug. 2019 If a similar crisis were to occur in the coming years, the NBA and other leagues would hope that their owners can weather the storm. Michael Mccann,, "Behind the Numbers: Analyzing Joseph Tsai's Proposal to Own the Brooklyn Nets," 15 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'weather.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of weather


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


15th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1


1582, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for weather


Middle English weder, from Old English; akin to Old High German wetar weather, Old Church Slavonic vetrŭ wind

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Statistics for weather

Last Updated

17 Sep 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for weather

The first known use of weather was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for weather



English Language Learners Definition of weather

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the state of the air and atmosphere at a particular time and place : the temperature and other outside conditions (such as rain, cloudiness, etc.) at a particular time and place
: bad or stormy weather
: a report or forecast about the weather



English Language Learners Definition of weather (Entry 2 of 2)

: to change in color, condition, etc., because of the effects of the sun, wind, rain, etc., over a long period of time
: to deal with or experience (something dangerous or unpleasant) without being harmed or damaged too much


weath·​er | \ ˈwe-t͟hər How to pronounce weather (audio) \

Kids Definition of weather

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the state of the air and atmosphere in regard to how warm or cold, wet or dry, or clear or stormy it is


weathered; weathering

Kids Definition of weather (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to change (as in color or structure) by the action of the weather
2 : to be able to last or come safely through They weathered a storm.

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