: the scientific study of crime victims including the study of the relationship between victim and offender and of the consequences and effects of being victimized
Victimology is often considered a subfield of criminology, and the two fields do share much in common. Just as criminology is the study of criminals—what they do, why they do it, and how the criminal justice system responds to them—victimology is the study of victims. Victimology, then, is the study of the etiology (or causes) of victimization, its consequences, how the criminal justice system accommodates and assists victims, and how other elements of society, such as the media, deal with crime victims.—Leah E. Daigle and Lisa R. Muftić
: characteristics of a particular criminal's victim or victims
The victimology … may include the victims' age, gender, race, occupation, physical attractiveness, relationship status, and perceived vulnerability, to name a few. Sometimes there is an identifiable likeness in victims chosen by serial offenders and sometimes there is not. —Marisa Mauro
: the claim that the problems of a person or group are the result of that person or group having been victimized
In chronicling Zelda [Fitzgerald]'s sad life, [Nancy] Milford made clear that part of Zelda's undoing was her inability, despite her ambitions, to successfully transform her life into art. Instead, she remained raw material for her husband's refining. In stripping the glamour off the famous couple's self-immolation, Milford was credited by some, and pilloried by others, for having inaugurated a new class of feminist biography—victimology.—Le Anne Schreiber But Gerstmann says this encourages judges to engage in historically incoherent exercises of competitive victimology to decide which minority groups have been more oppressed than others.—Jeffrey Rosen
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