ar·​chae·​ol·​o·​gy ˌär-kē-ˈä-lə-jē How to pronounce archaeology (audio)
variants or archeology
: the scientific study of material remains (such as tools, pottery, jewelry, stone walls, and monuments) of past human life and activities
: remains of the culture of a people : antiquities
the archaeology of the Incas
archaeological adjective
archaeologically adverb
archaeologist noun

Examples of archaeology in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Here are three of our most eye-catching archaeology stories from the past week. Aspen Pflughoeft, Miami Herald, 16 May 2024 Centuries later, during the 18th and 19th centuries, archaeology expanded into a budding field of science as relics of the Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Iron Age were discovered. Jack Knudson, Discover Magazine, 10 May 2024 Vanessa Muros, an archaeology researcher at UCLA, showed up outside the encampment with finger cymbals, maracas and a tambourine. Summer Lin, Los Angeles Times, 2 May 2024 Discovery of New Ancient Giant Snake in India Sam Walters is a journalist covering archaeology, paleontology, ecology and evolution for Discover, along with an assortment of other topics. Sam Walters, Discover Magazine, 18 Apr. 2024 The Turkish-Syrian border has some of the richest archaeology, spanning 12,000 years of human history. Mark Ellwood, Fortune Europe, 6 Apr. 2024 Greece’s first archaeology museums, meanwhile, privileged the relics of the city’s Periclean heyday over items from earlier eras or the non-Greek world. Tony Perrottet, Smithsonian Magazine, 27 Mar. 2024 The Western Australian Museum has been unable to identify the vessel so far, but Anderson says these kind of models can be hugely beneficial for carrying out maritime archaeology research, as well as educating people about what’s below the waves. IEEE Spectrum, 11 Mar. 2024 Once England’s fourth permanent settlement in North America, St. Mary’s is now Historic St. Mary’s City, an archaeology and history museum devoted to the colonial capital. Sonja Anderson, Smithsonian Magazine, 1 Mar. 2024

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'archaeology.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History


French archéologie, from Late Latin archaeologia antiquarian lore, from Greek archaiologia, from archaio- + -logia -logy

First Known Use

1782, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of archaeology was in 1782

Dictionary Entries Near archaeology

Cite this Entry

“Archaeology.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 23 May. 2024.

Kids Definition


variants or archeology
: the science that deals with past human life as shown by fossil relics and the monuments and tools left by ancient peoples
archaeological adjective
archaeologist noun

More from Merriam-Webster on archaeology

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