ar·​chae·​ol·​o·​gy ˌär-kē-ˈä-lə-jē How to pronounce archaeology (audio)
variants or archeology
: the scientific study of material remains (such as tools, pottery, jewelry, stone walls, and monuments) of past human life and activities
: remains of the culture of a people : antiquities
the archaeology of the Incas
archaeological adjective
archaeologically adverb
archaeologist noun

Example Sentences

Recent Examples on the Web Plot details are scant at the moment, but according to a report by Empire, everyone's favorite professor of archaeology will be fighting a familiar foe this time around: Nazis. Lauren Huff,, 22 Nov. 2022 The specialists hailed not just from the field of archaeology, but also from several disciplines, including geology; archaeobotany, the study of ancient plants; epigraphy, the study of inscriptions, and numismatics, the study of ancient coins. Patrick Smith, NBC News, 8 Nov. 2022 And although some parts of the Uyghur internet are archived for future digital archaeology, much of it has simply vanished forever. Masha Borak, WIRED, 2 Nov. 2022 While this may seem an unusual combination, Humphreys believes archaeology offers the perfect opportunity to those struggling with the transition to civilian life. Lianne Kolirin, CNN, 1 Oct. 2022 This body fat could partially explain his mummification, says Michele Koons, curator of archaeology at the Denver Museum of Nature & Science, who was not involved in the research. Stephanie Pappas, Scientific American, 28 Oct. 2022 Some still contain the archaeology of ancient Puebloan rock structures or steps cut into the sandstone that once served as ladders. Pete Mcbride, Smithsonian Magazine, 23 Sep. 2022 Hayeur Smith set out to test Østergård's hypothesis against the archaeology, starting with the evidence from Tatsipataa. Francine Russo, Scientific American, 18 Sep. 2022 Under the Baathist government, field archaeology was at best discouraged and at worst prohibited. New York Times, 20 Apr. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'archaeology.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History


French archéologie, from Late Latin archaeologia antiquarian lore, from Greek archaiologia, from archaio- + -logia -logy

First Known Use

1782, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of archaeology was in 1782

Dictionary Entries Near archaeology

Cite this Entry

“Archaeology.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 28 Nov. 2022.

Kids Definition



variants or archeology
: the science that deals with past human life as shown by fossil relics and the monuments and tools left by ancient peoples
archaeological adjective
archaeologist noun

More from Merriam-Webster on archaeology

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