ar·​chae·​ol·​o·​gy ˌär-kē-ˈä-lə-jē How to pronounce archaeology (audio)
variants or archeology
: the scientific study of material remains (such as tools, pottery, jewelry, stone walls, and monuments) of past human life and activities
: remains of the culture of a people : antiquities
the archaeology of the Incas
archaeological adjective
archaeologically adverb
archaeologist noun

Examples of archaeology in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Archaeologists linked the 2,400-year-old sacrificial site to the Lusatian culture, a European Bronze Age culture known only from archaeology. Aspen Pflughoeft, Miami Herald, 24 Jan. 2024 Since its emergence, rescue archaeology has been rooted in enriching public knowledge of history. Jack Knudson, Discover Magazine, 17 Jan. 2024 In this insightful talk, Mark Collard delves into the significant yet underappreciated role of ethnology in archaeology. David L. Coddon, San Diego Union-Tribune, 11 Jan. 2024 Jews are indigenous to Israel, as shown by evidence from history, archaeology, linguistics and genetics. Michael Segal, WSJ, 25 Oct. 2023 The museum’s staff also takes deep dives into maritime archaeology and has created exhibits on slave ships and the 1860 African Cemetery at Higgs Beach. Miami Herald, 30 Jan. 2024 Although rescue archaeology mostly refers to sites impacted by construction, there are other factors that endanger them. Jack Knudson, Discover Magazine, 17 Jan. 2024 From the coastline to Appalachia, archaeology in Maryland uncovers sites that illuminate a still-murky picture of the land’s indigenous and European settler past. Dillon Mullan, Baltimore Sun, 5 Jan. 2024 Imagine an English literature course that included no books written after 1600; a philosophy syllabus designed on the assumption that all philosophers after David Hume were second-rate; an archaeology professor who refused to teach anything postdating the Lower Paleolithic. Peter Thonemann, WSJ, 5 Jan. 2024 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'archaeology.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History


French archéologie, from Late Latin archaeologia antiquarian lore, from Greek archaiologia, from archaio- + -logia -logy

First Known Use

1782, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of archaeology was in 1782

Dictionary Entries Near archaeology

Cite this Entry

“Archaeology.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 20 Feb. 2024.

Kids Definition


variants or archeology
: the science that deals with past human life as shown by fossil relics and the monuments and tools left by ancient peoples
archaeological adjective
archaeologist noun

More from Merriam-Webster on archaeology

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