vertical

adjective
ver·​ti·​cal | \ ˈvər-ti-kəl How to pronounce vertical (audio) \

Definition of vertical

1a : perpendicular to the plane of the horizon or to a primary axis : upright
b(1) : located at right angles to the plane of a supporting surface
(2) : lying in the direction of an axis : lengthwise
2a : situated at the highest point : directly overhead or in the zenith
b of an aerial photograph : taken with the camera pointing straight down or nearly so
3a : relating to, involving, or integrating economic activity from basic production to point of sale a vertical monopoly
b : of, relating to, or comprising persons of different status the vertical arrangement of society
4 medical : relating to or being transmission (as of a disease) by genetic inheritance or by a congenital or perinatal route vertical inheritance … decreasing the rate of vertical transmission of HIV to the fetus by two-thirds, so that the numbers of children with the condition are diminishing.— Cynthia B. Cohen — compare horizontal sense 3

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Other Words from vertical

vertical noun
verticality \ ˌvər-​tə-​ˈka-​lə-​tē How to pronounce verticality (audio) \ noun
vertically \ ˈvər-​ti-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce vertically (audio) \ adverb
verticalness \ ˈvər-​ti-​kəl-​nəs How to pronounce verticalness (audio) \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for vertical

Synonyms

erect, perpendicular, plumb, raised, stand-up, standing, upright, upstanding

Antonyms

flat, recumbent

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Choose the Right Synonym for vertical

vertical, perpendicular, plumb mean being at right angles to a base line. vertical suggests a line or direction rising straight upward toward a zenith. the side of the cliff is almost vertical perpendicular may stress the straightness of a line making a right angle with any other line, not necessarily a horizontal one. the parallel bars are perpendicular to the support posts plumb stresses an exact verticality determined (as with a plumb line) by earth's gravity. make sure that the wall is plumb

Examples of vertical in a Sentence

a shirt with vertical stripes the vertical axis of a graph

Recent Examples on the Web

Most of it is too vertical for human habitation: astonishingly, some 120 of its peaks exceed Mount Washington’s 6,288-foot elevation. David Holahan, courant.com, "Visiting Corsica: Up and Down and Around The Mountainous Mediterranean Idyll," 13 Sep. 2019 On a second, slightly larger gourd, add vertical or horizontal stripes with painter’s tape and black paint. Woman's Day Staff, Woman's Day, "Monster Mash-Up Pumpkins," 9 Sep. 2019 Hopefuls underwent the same tests used in the NFL scouting system -- the 40-yard dash, broad jump, vertical jump, and an agility drill. George Ramsay, CNN, "How the NFL is offering a lifeline for teenagers in London," 6 Sep. 2019 It was inspired by research showing that 79% of smartphone users find vertical videos the most interesting. Tatiana Cirisano, Billboard, "For The 'Gram: Mabel Performs Photo-Friendly 'Vertical' Concert," 5 Sep. 2019 The initial results from this study were published last year, showing that the relative intensity group had greater improvements in maximum strength and vertical jump. Alex Hutchinson, Outside Online, "Lifting to Failure Isn’t Always Better," 9 Aug. 2019 Williams showed his elite athleticism during the spring, running the 40-yard dash in 4.60 seconds, with a 4.09 shuttle time (overall agility, speed and lateral quickness) and a vertical jump of almost 40 inches. Shotgun Spratling, latimes.com, "St. John Bosco’s Kourt Williams II says leaving California is best for his football future," 1 July 2019 Teams often are sending tight ends on vertical routes, forcing safeties to run with them and leaving cornerbacks isolated on receivers to create deep problems for defenses. Washington Post, "Tight ends are evolving as pass-catching threats," 30 Aug. 2019 Take another example: vertical farms growing aeroponic fruits and vegetables without soil or sun, using radically less water in urban areas. Sean Illing, Vox, "The climate crisis and the end of the golden era of food choice," 24 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'vertical.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of vertical

1559, in the meaning defined at sense 2a

History and Etymology for vertical

Middle French or Late Latin; Middle French, from Late Latin verticalis, from Latin vertic-, vertex

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Statistics for vertical

Last Updated

15 Oct 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for vertical

The first known use of vertical was in 1559

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More Definitions for vertical

vertical

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of vertical

: positioned up and down rather than from side to side : going straight up
: having a structure in which there are top, middle, and bottom levels

vertical

adjective
ver·​ti·​cal | \ ˈvər-ti-kəl How to pronounce vertical (audio) \

Kids Definition of vertical

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: rising straight up and down from a level surface

Other Words from vertical

vertically adverb

vertical

noun

Kids Definition of vertical (Entry 2 of 2)

: something (as a line or plane) that rises straight up and down

vertical

adjective
ver·​ti·​cal | \ ˈvərt-i-kəl How to pronounce vertical (audio) \

Medical Definition of vertical

: relating to or being transmission (as of a disease) by genetic inheritance or by a congenital or perinatal route vertical transmission of the hepatitis B virus from mother to infant vertical inheritance — compare horizontal sense 2

Other Words from vertical

vertically \ ˈvərt-​i-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce vertically (audio) \ adverb

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More from Merriam-Webster on vertical

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for vertical

Spanish Central: Translation of vertical

Nglish: Translation of vertical for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of vertical for Arabic Speakers

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