veranda

play
noun ve·ran·da \və-ˈran-də\
variants: or

verandah

Definition of veranda

  1. :  a usually roofed open gallery or portico attached to the exterior of a building

Examples of veranda in a sentence

  1. <whiling away the afternoon from the inn's wide veranda>

Origin and Etymology of veranda

borrowed perhaps via an Indo-Portuguese creole from Portuguese varanda, akin to Spanish baranda “railing” (earlier, “balcony, floor of a building”), Catalan barana “railing,” Old Occitan baranda “barrier, barricade,” all going back to *varanda “enclosing barrier, the area enclosed,” of obscure origin; reinforced by Hindi & Urdu baraṇḍā “roofed gallery,” Marathi varãḍ, varãḍā “parapet,” in part borrowed from Portuguese varanda and English veranda, in part going back to Sanskrit varaṇḍaka- “mound of earth, rampart separating two fighting elephants,” varaṇḍa- “partition wall” An Anglo-Indian word, most of the early evidence for which is cited in Yule and Burnellȧs Hobson-Jobson (2nd edition 1903) and the Oxford English Dictionary. The superficial similarity in form and meaning of the Romance and Indo-Aryan words is striking enough that the Romance scholar Joan Coromines attempted to connect them, positing an Indo-European substratal noun as the source of both, to which he added Lithuanian (Žemaitian dialect) varanda “loop plaited from flexible twigs” (Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico). It is questionable, however, if the original meanings of the three etyma are really closely comparable, so that the phonetic likeness may simply be coincidence. The Romance word has been connected with Spanish and Portuguese vara “rod, pole” and other progeny of Latin vāra “forked pole,” but, as Coromines points out, the deverbal suffix -anda would require the existence of an otherwise unknown verb *varar; other Romance forms descended from a variant *varandia/varania (see Coromines) make such a hypothesis even less likely.


First Known Use: 1711

Other Architecture Terms


VERANDA Defined for English Language Learners

veranda

play
noun ve·ran·da \və-ˈran-də\

Definition of veranda for English Language Learners

  • : a long, open structure on the outside of a building that has a roof


VERANDA Defined for Kids

veranda

play
noun ve·ran·da \və-ˈran-də\
variants: or

verandah

\və-ˈran-də\

Definition of veranda for Students

  1. :  a long porch extending along one or more sides of a building



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