turn·​over | \ ˈtərn-ˌō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Definition of turnover

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a(1) : the amount received in sales for a stated period
(2) : the ratio of sales for a stated period to average inventory
(3) : a cycle of purchase, sale, and replacement of a stock of goods
b : the number of persons hired within a period to replace those leaving or dropped from a workforce also : the ratio of this number to the number in the average force maintained
c : movement (as of goods or people) into, through, and out of a place
2 : the amount of business done especially : the volume of shares traded on a stock exchange
3 : the act or an instance of a team's losing possession of a ball through error or a minor violation of the rules (as in basketball or football)
4 : a filled pastry made by folding half of the crust over the other half
5 : an act or result of turning over : upset
6 : a turning from one side, place, or direction to its opposite : shift, reversal
7 : a reorganization with a view to a shift in personnel : shake-up
8 : something that is turned over
9 : the continuous process of loss and replacement of a constituent (such as a cell or tissue) of a living system



Definition of turnover (Entry 2 of 3)

: capable of being turned over

turn over

turned over; turning over; turns over

Definition of turn over (Entry 3 of 3)

transitive verb

1a : to turn from an upright position : overturn
b : rotate turn over a stiff valve with a wrench also : to cause (an internal combustion engine) to begin firing
2 : deliver, surrender I'm turning the job over to you also : to lose possession of turned the ball over three times
3a : to do business to the amount of turning over $1000 a week
b : to receive and dispose of (a stock of merchandise)
4 : to search (clothes, papers, etc.) by lifting or moving one by one
5 : to read or examine (something, such as a book) slowly or idly

intransitive verb

1 : upset, capsize
2a : rotate
b of an engine : to have crankshaft rotation especially by external means (as by a starter) the engine turned over but didn't start
3a of one's stomach : to heave with nausea
b of one's heart : to seem to leap or lurch convulsively with sudden fright
turn over a new leaf
: to make a change for the better especially in one's way of living

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Examples of turnover in a Sentence

Noun The company had an increase in turnover this quarter. The company has a high turnover rate. We want to find ways to speed up inventory turnover. Verb reluctantly turned the ship over to the first mate while he went below to try to stop the leak turned the evidence over to the police
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun But Barrios described the training as spotty, with frequent turnover because of the seasonal nature of the jobs. oregonlive, "Longtime Portland park ranger: ‘We are not the police of the parks, period, and we’re not going to be, period.’," 6 Apr. 2021 Construction was supposed to start in 2019, but stalled well before that amid logistical problems and management turnover at both the Philharmonic and Lincoln Center. New York Times, "A Pandemic Opportunity: Geffen Hall’s Overhaul Accelerates," 5 Apr. 2021 The Colonels scored touchdowns on their first nine drives, as the Cardinals failed to force a punt or a turnover until early in the fourth quarter. Greg Luca, San Antonio Express-News, "Nicholls St. explodes on offense to hand UIW first spring loss," 27 Mar. 2021 Hiring quality employees and high employee turnover are common obstacles in terms of human resources. Sian Babish, chicagotribune.com, "How to start a business," 24 Mar. 2021 This drop, however, is due to the small size of the area and low turnover, which means aggregate prices can fluctuate heavily depending on an individual sale. Spencer Elliott, Forbes, "Getting To Know Sutton Place, Manhattan’s Urban Sanctuary," 20 Mar. 2021 Each quarterback gets one drive to lead the offense against the defense; play only ends upon a score (touchdown or field goal) or a stop (turnover or punt). Orion Sang, Detroit Free Press, "What Michigan football's quarterbacks are showing the team early in spring," 12 Mar. 2021 And this, in turn, will affect everything from productivity and turnover to customer retention and recruiting. Lisa Burke, Star Tribune, "Employee treatment during COVID-19 will have effect on brand reputation," 26 Feb. 2021 Get some short fields with a defensive stop or turnover. ... Sam Farmer, Los Angeles Times, "L.A. Times’ Sam Farmer predicts winners in NFL divisional round of playoffs," 15 Jan. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb The Justice Department lawyers told the city and the DA’s office to turn over those records and other documents last October. Bill Rankin, ajc, "Federal grand jury investigating former DA Paul Howard," 16 Mar. 2021 The seven-member committee is empowered to subpoena witnesses and compel city employees to turn over records. Jake Bleiberg, USA TODAY, "Dallas police officer, fired after arrest for capital murder, was 'subject' of investigation into 2017 killing," 10 Mar. 2021 The seven-member committee is empowered to subpoena witnesses and compel city employees to turn over records. Jake Bleiberg, Chron, "Records show Dallas officer was under investigation in 2017," 9 Mar. 2021 The seven-member committee is empowered to subpoena witnesses and compel city employees to turn over records. Jake Bleiberg, Star Tribune, "Lawyer: Dallas officer innocent of capital murder charges," 8 Mar. 2021 Spring is the perfect time to turn over a new leaf. Selena Barrientos, Good Housekeeping, "60 Sweet Spring Instagram Captions for All of Your Sunny Photos," 12 Feb. 2021 Weber asked the court to order the city to turn over the full records. Mike Hayes, ProPublica, "New York City Paid an NBA Star Millions After an NYPD Officer Broke His Leg. The Officer Paid Little Price.," 12 Jan. 2021 Milano's suit against the Chaffe McCall law firm and lawyer E. Howell Crosby, who made up Brandt’s will, alleges that Jessica Brandt refused for months to turn over estate financial and business records. John Simerman, NOLA.com, "Ray Brandt's widow sues Rummel principal Marc Milano for defamation," 22 Dec. 2020 Piller is tasked with proving that van Meegeren is merely an opportunist and not a Nazi sympathizer — a tall task in the years after the country, reeling from years of occupation, was looking to turn over a new leaf and purge itself of the past. Shaena Montanari, The Arizona Republic, "Nazi art history mystery 'The Last Vermeer' proves you shouldn't paint with a broad brush," 18 Nov. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'turnover.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of turnover


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 5


circa 1849, in the meaning defined above


14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

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Time Traveler for turnover

Time Traveler

The first known use of turnover was in the 14th century

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Statistics for turnover

Last Updated

11 Apr 2021

Cite this Entry

“Turnover.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/turnover. Accessed 14 Apr. 2021.

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More Definitions for turnover



English Language Learners Definition of turnover

: the amount of money that is received in sales by a store or company
: the rate at which people leave a place, company, etc., and are replaced by others
: the rate at which the goods in a store are sold and replaced by other goods


turn·​over | \ ˈtərn-ˌō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Kids Definition of turnover

: a filled pastry with one half of the crust turned over the other


turn·​over | \ ˈtər-ˌnō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Medical Definition of turnover

: the continuous process of loss and replacement of a constituent (as a neurotransmitter, cell, or tissue) of a living system protein turnover in various pathological states— J. C. Waterlow hyperthyroidism accelerates bone turnover and shortens the normal bone remodeling cycle— Richard Sadovsky

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Comments on turnover

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