turn·​over | \ ˈtərn-ˌō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Definition of turnover

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a(1) : the amount received in sales for a stated period
(2) : the ratio of sales for a stated period to average inventory
(3) : a cycle of purchase, sale, and replacement of a stock of goods
b : the number of persons hired within a period to replace those leaving or dropped from a workforce also : the ratio of this number to the number in the average force maintained
c : movement (as of goods or people) into, through, and out of a place
2 : the amount of business done especially : the volume of shares traded on a stock exchange
3 : the act or an instance of a team's losing possession of a ball through error or a minor violation of the rules (as in basketball or football)
4 : a filled pastry made by folding half of the crust over the other half
5 : an act or result of turning over : upset
6 : a turning from one side, place, or direction to its opposite : shift, reversal
7 : a reorganization with a view to a shift in personnel : shake-up
8 : something that is turned over
9 : the continuous process of loss and replacement of a constituent (such as a cell or tissue) of a living system



Definition of turnover (Entry 2 of 3)

: capable of being turned over

turn over

turned over; turning over; turns over

Definition of turn over (Entry 3 of 3)

transitive verb

1a : to turn from an upright position : overturn
b : rotate turn over a stiff valve with a wrench also : to cause (an internal combustion engine) to begin firing
2 : deliver, surrender I'm turning the job over to you also : to lose possession of turned the ball over three times
3a : to do business to the amount of turning over $1000 a week
b : to receive and dispose of (a stock of merchandise)
4 : to search (clothes, papers, etc.) by lifting or moving one by one
5 : to read or examine (something, such as a book) slowly or idly

intransitive verb

1 : upset, capsize
2a : rotate
b of an engine : to have crankshaft rotation especially by external means (as by a starter) the engine turned over but didn't start
3a of one's stomach : to heave with nausea
b of one's heart : to seem to leap or lurch convulsively with sudden fright
turn over a new leaf
: to make a change for the better especially in one's way of living

Examples of turnover in a Sentence

Noun The company had an increase in turnover this quarter. The company has a high turnover rate. We want to find ways to speed up inventory turnover. Verb reluctantly turned the ship over to the first mate while he went below to try to stop the leak turned the evidence over to the police
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun One problem has been turnover; about 5 percent of information technology workers have joined the military. New York Times, 22 July 2022 There’s been massive football coaching turnover in the SEC in recent years, as 10 of the league’s 14 coaches have been in their jobs for two or fewer seasons. Creg Stephenson | Cstephenson@al.com, al, 19 July 2022 That's turnover at 10 of 14 SEC programs in just a four-year stretch. Chase Goodbread, USA TODAY, 15 July 2022 Among the challenges Twitter faces are employee turnover and low morale, issues around advertising headwinds, a loss of credibility with investors because of the yo-yoing share price, and damaging claims about fake accounts on the platform. Wired, 12 July 2022 The Fujianese population was the big turnover, to be honest with you. Kara Baskin, BostonGlobe.com, 17 May 2022 Almost as soon as Harborplace opened, there was retail turnover. Jacques Kelly, Baltimore Sun, 12 May 2022 Otherwise, there wasn’t much turnover of note in the upper ranks of the Billboard 200. Chris Willman, Variety, 25 Apr. 2022 Oregon State, turnover-prone most of the season, had to figure out how to deal with Portland’s fullcourt press and the nation’s leading shot-blocker in Lucy Cochrane. oregonlive, 20 Mar. 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Musk had sought to buy the company but backed out earlier this month, accusing the social media company of failing to turn over vital information relating to the number of bots on its platform — a claim Twitter (TWTR) denies. Anna Cooban, CNN, 25 July 2022 If such a law took effect and empowered law enforcement to subpoena information from companies or insurers that administer the travel subsidy, then they could be forced to turn over information. Max Zahn, ABC News, 8 July 2022 In April 2022, Judge Lama ruled that prosecutors repeatedly had missed deadlines and had failed to turn over important information in the discovery phase. CBS News, 30 Apr. 2022 The attorneys did offer to turn over information to U.S. District Judge John Adams if, in the appropriate conditions, it could be filed under seal, or outside the view of the public. John Caniglia, cleveland, 16 Mar. 2022 Under his deal with prosecutors, Jonathan Toebbe agreed to turn over all sensitive government information and to return about $100,000 in cryptocurrency that the undercover FBI agent paid him. Los Angeles Times, 18 Feb. 2022 The company also has yet to turn over all the information requested by the congressional committee studying the Jan. 6 attack. ProPublica, 4 Jan. 2022 The Federal Trade Commission is ordering major retailers and grocery chains to turn over new information on their supply chain problems to investigate the causes of empty shelves and sky-high prices. Andy Meek, BGR, 30 Nov. 2021 Airlines will be required to turn over the information to the CDC when necessary to allow public-health officials to reach air travelers who are potentially infected or have been exposed to someone who is infected. Allison Pohle, WSJ, 25 Oct. 2021 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'turnover.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of turnover


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 5


circa 1849, in the meaning defined above


14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

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turn over


turnover frequency

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Last Updated

28 Jul 2022

Cite this Entry

“Turnover.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/turnover. Accessed 8 Aug. 2022.

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More Definitions for turnover


turn·​over | \ ˈtərn-ˌō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Kids Definition of turnover

: a filled pastry with one half of the crust turned over the other


turn·​over | \ ˈtər-ˌnō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Medical Definition of turnover

: the continuous process of loss and replacement of a constituent (as a neurotransmitter, cell, or tissue) of a living system protein turnover in various pathological states— J. C. Waterlow hyperthyroidism accelerates bone turnover and shortens the normal bone remodeling cycle— Richard Sadovsky

More from Merriam-Webster on turnover

Nglish: Translation of turnover for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of turnover for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about turnover


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