turn·​over | \ ˈtərn-ˌō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Definition of turnover

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a(1) : the amount received in sales for a stated period
(2) : the ratio of sales for a stated period to average inventory
(3) : a cycle of purchase, sale, and replacement of a stock of goods
b : the number of persons hired within a period to replace those leaving or dropped from a workforce also : the ratio of this number to the number in the average force maintained
c : movement (as of goods or people) into, through, and out of a place
2 : the amount of business done especially : the volume of shares traded on a stock exchange
3 : the act or an instance of a team's losing possession of a ball through error or a minor violation of the rules (as in basketball or football)
4 : a filled pastry made by folding half of the crust over the other half
5 : an act or result of turning over : upset
6 : a turning from one side, place, or direction to its opposite : shift, reversal
7 : a reorganization with a view to a shift in personnel : shake-up
8 : something that is turned over
9 : the continuous process of loss and replacement of a constituent (such as a cell or tissue) of a living system



Definition of turnover (Entry 2 of 3)

: capable of being turned over

turn over

turned over; turning over; turns over

Definition of turn over (Entry 3 of 3)

transitive verb

1a : to turn from an upright position : overturn
b : rotate turn over a stiff valve with a wrench also : to cause (an internal combustion engine) to begin firing
2 : deliver, surrender I'm turning the job over to you also : to lose possession of turned the ball over three times
3a : to do business to the amount of turning over $1000 a week
b : to receive and dispose of (a stock of merchandise)
4 : to search (clothes, papers, etc.) by lifting or moving one by one
5 : to read or examine (something, such as a book) slowly or idly

intransitive verb

2a : rotate
b of an engine : to have crankshaft rotation especially by external means (as by a starter) the engine turned over but didn't start
3a of one's stomach : to heave with nausea
b of one's heart : to seem to leap or lurch convulsively with sudden fright
turn over a new leaf
: to make a change for the better especially in one's way of living

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Examples of turnover in a Sentence

Noun The company had an increase in turnover this quarter. The company has a high turnover rate. We want to find ways to speed up inventory turnover. Verb reluctantly turned the ship over to the first mate while he went below to try to stop the leak turned the evidence over to the police
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Defensively, the rebounding battle belonged to North Texas with a +1 edge, 24-23, but the Mean Green gave up 13 total turnovers by way of a stingy Blazers defense that forced eight steals and had three blocks. Evan Dudley, al, "UAB’s upset bid of North Texas comes up short," 8 Feb. 2020 Feeney had 16 points and Chew was among three Brophy players with nine points, as the Broncos pressed Chandler into turnovers and a scoreless third quarter. Richard Obert, azcentral, "Brophy Prep shuts out Chandler in third quarter in Premier Region basketball rout," 7 Feb. 2020 Wiggins’ most impressive stat Wiggins, who turns 25 this month, has averaged 19.7 points on 44.1% shooting, 4.3 rebounds and 2.3 assists to 2.1 turnovers in his career, but his most impressive numbers highlight his durability. Rusty Simmons, SFChronicle.com, "Warriors-Timberwolves trade: 5 things to know about Andrew Wiggins," 6 Feb. 2020 There’s such turnover churning through these classrooms that people just accept it as the norm. Anchorage Daily News, "Alaska teachers wonder: Should they stay or should they go?," 6 Feb. 2020 For the first step in skin care, Beckham and Bader set out to create a powerhouse serum that would do it all: increase cell turnover, reduce pore size, and improve the skin's barrier function for a healthier overall complexion. Megan Decker, refinery29.com, "Victoria Beckham Just Launched A Groundbreaking Skin-Care Serum," 5 Feb. 2020 To put it into context, that’s just over five times the volume of the stock with the day’s second highest turnover, Apple Inc. Joe Easton / Bloomberg, Time, "Tesla Stock Is Going Absolutely Bonkers — But Nobody’s Really Sure Why," 5 Feb. 2020 With a minute and twenty-five seconds left, the Chiefs defense sacked Garropolo on fourth-and-10, for a turnover on downs. Louisa Thomas, The New Yorker, "In Super Bowl LIV, Patrick Mahomes and the Chiefs Won More Than the 49ers Lost," 3 Feb. 2020 Retinols help prevent fine lines and wrinkles from forming by promoting cell turnover in the skin. NBC News, "How to reduce dark under-eye circles, according to dermatologists," 29 Jan. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb In the census case, departments have turned over some 30,000 pages of documents, with an unknown number to go. Washington Post, "Judge says he will likely uphold House subpoenas in investigation of census citizenship question," 31 Jan. 2020 And instead of putting out noxious greenhouse gases, miners could turn over coal that can be put into paints, concrete, film, or even asphalt. Courtney Linder, Popular Mechanics, "How to Turn Garbage Into Graphene," 28 Jan. 2020 Two months later, Facebook turned over three emails in response. Paul Kiel, ProPublica, "Who’s Afraid of the IRS? Not Facebook.," 23 Jan. 2020 Parnas turned over a trove of messages and other documents to the House Intelligence Committee, which has been among the committees leading the impeachment efforts against President Trump. Melissa Quinn, CBS News, "Ukraine opens criminal probe into purported monitoring of ex-U.S. ambassador," 16 Jan. 2020 The evidence turned over appears to bolsters Democrats' argument that Giuliani was doing Trump's bidding by trying to dig up dirt on political rival Joe Biden and the Democratic National Committee. Phil Helsel, NBC News, "Giuliani associate Parnas says Trump 'knew exactly what was going on'," 15 Jan. 2020 Theft of government property: South Belvoir Boulevard At 8:05 p.m. Dec. 20, John Carroll University police turned over to the UHPD a University Heights street sign that was found in a dorm room. cleveland, "Female suspect stabs woman, 23, sets fire to her apartment: University Heights police blotter," 28 Dec. 2019 Canada and Ukraine had pressed Iran to turn over the devices, with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau saying they should be given to France for analysis. Elian Peltier, BostonGlobe.com, "Downed plane’s black boxes will go to Ukraine, Iranian media says," 18 Jan. 2020 At Friday's hearing, defense attorney Martin Weinberg, who represents parents David Sidoo and Robert Zangrillo, asked that prosecutors provide an exhibit list of the discovery evidence turned over in the case. Joey Garrison, USA TODAY, "Lori Loughlin, other parents in college admissions scandal to go to trial in staggered groups," 17 Jan. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'turnover.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of turnover


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 5


circa 1849, in the meaning defined above


14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

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Time Traveler for turnover

Time Traveler

The first known use of turnover was in the 14th century

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Statistics for turnover

Last Updated

12 Feb 2020

Cite this Entry

“Turnover.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/turn%20over. Accessed 17 Feb. 2020.

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More Definitions for turnover


How to pronounce turn over (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of turnover

: the amount of money that is received in sales by a store or company
: the rate at which people leave a place, company, etc., and are replaced by others
: the rate at which the goods in a store are sold and replaced by other goods


turn·​over | \ ˈtərn-ˌō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Kids Definition of turnover

: a filled pastry with one half of the crust turned over the other


turn·​over | \ ˈtər-ˌnō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Medical Definition of turnover

: the continuous process of loss and replacement of a constituent (as a neurotransmitter, cell, or tissue) of a living system protein turnover in various pathological states— J. C. Waterlow hyperthyroidism accelerates bone turnover and shortens the normal bone remodeling cycle— Richard Sadovsky

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More from Merriam-Webster on turnover

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with turnover

Spanish Central: Translation of turnover

Nglish: Translation of turnover for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of turnover for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about turnover

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