turn·​over | \ ˈtərn-ˌō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Definition of turnover

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a(1) : the amount received in sales for a stated period
(2) : the ratio of sales for a stated period to average inventory
(3) : a cycle of purchase, sale, and replacement of a stock of goods
b : the number of persons hired within a period to replace those leaving or dropped from a workforce also : the ratio of this number to the number in the average force maintained
c : movement (as of goods or people) into, through, and out of a place
2 : the amount of business done especially : the volume of shares traded on a stock exchange
3 : the act or an instance of a team's losing possession of a ball through error or a minor violation of the rules (as in basketball or football)
4 : a filled pastry made by folding half of the crust over the other half
5 : an act or result of turning over : upset
6 : a turning from one side, place, or direction to its opposite : shift, reversal
7 : a reorganization with a view to a shift in personnel : shake-up
8 : something that is turned over
9 : the continuous process of loss and replacement of a constituent (such as a cell or tissue) of a living system



Definition of turnover (Entry 2 of 3)

: capable of being turned over

turn over

turned over; turning over; turns over

Definition of turn over (Entry 3 of 3)

transitive verb

1a : to turn from an upright position : overturn
b : rotate turn over a stiff valve with a wrench also : to cause (an internal combustion engine) to begin firing
2 : deliver, surrender I'm turning the job over to you also : to lose possession of turned the ball over three times
3a : to do business to the amount of turning over $1000 a week
b : to receive and dispose of (a stock of merchandise)
4 : to search (clothes, papers, etc.) by lifting or moving one by one
5 : to read or examine (something, such as a book) slowly or idly

intransitive verb

1 : upset, capsize
2a : rotate
b of an engine : to have crankshaft rotation especially by external means (as by a starter) the engine turned over but didn't start
3a of one's stomach : to heave with nausea
b of one's heart : to seem to leap or lurch convulsively with sudden fright
turn over a new leaf
: to make a change for the better especially in one's way of living

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Examples of turnover in a Sentence


The company had an increase in turnover this quarter. The company has a high turnover rate. We want to find ways to speed up inventory turnover.


reluctantly turned the ship over to the first mate while he went below to try to stop the leak turned the evidence over to the police
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Still, cost pressures mean the company only pays low-skilled assembly line workers about 5,000 yuan ($720) a month—too little to prevent high turnover as staff leave to take less tedious jobs as restaurant waiters, which pay about the same. Gwynn Guilford, Quartz, "The trade war is already pushing businesses out of China—and it could be permanent," 14 June 2019 Those 67 turnovers led to 75 points for the Raptors. Roy Parry, orlandosentinel.com, "Raptors’ run to NBA title gives Magic plenty to shoot for," 13 June 2019 Nevada lost in the first round of this year’s NCAA Tournament and will have a massive roster turnover with seven seniors leaving, including the Martin twins and Jordan Caroline. John Marshall, The Seattle Times, "Nevada quickly hires Alford to replace Musselman," 11 Apr. 2019 In explaining his decision to choose Clemson on Saturday night, Ross cited the stability of the coaching staff, which has had less turnover than Alabama’s. Brian Costa And Jim Chairusmi, WSJ, "To Compete With Alabama, Clemson Became Alabama," 30 Dec. 2018 Like the broader modeling industry, the Playboy Mansion had significant turnover. Fox News, "8 Playmate scandals revealed," 16 Aug. 2018 The Pacers have already had significant turnover at the small forward position this offseason. Scott Horner, Indianapolis Star, "Former Pacers wing Glenn Robinson III joins Pistons," 1 July 2018 The team would definitely prefer to not have any more front-office turnover for the foreseeable future. Sarah Todd, Philly.com, "With NBA draft, free agency looming, what's next for the Sixers after Bryan Colangelo's exit?," 7 June 2018 At one point, Portland had more turnovers than field goals. Andrew Greif, OregonLive.com, "Portland Trail Blazers collapse in 119-102 Game 3 loss to New Orleans Pelicans: Rapid Reaction," 19 Apr. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

San Diego police said the Chinese men were interviewed and turned over to CBP officers. Phil Helsel, NBC News, "U.S. man fatally shot at border believed to have been smuggling Chinese men," 6 June 2019 Under Khosrowshahi's leadership, Uber has mounted a global apology tour, running advertisements that feature the CEO speaking directly to the camera, promising that the Uber is turning over a new leaf. Eric Newcomer And Olivia Zaleski, chicagotribune.com, "Buffett said to have offered Uber $3 billion but talks crumbled," 31 May 2018 Besides, Mayfield, who had teams refusing to shake his hand before games and opponents urging him to be humble, is ready to turn over a new leaf. Mary Kay Cabot, cleveland.com, "Baker Mayfield vows to tone down his 'over the top' antics and start with a clean slate," 27 Apr. 2018 Uber has continued to face issues despite trying to turn over a new corporate leaf with the installation last September of its new CEO, former Expedia Chief Executive Dara Khosrowshahi. Marco Della Cava, USA TODAY, "'I started pounding on the windows' -- Uber passenger describes attempted Denver kidnapping," 17 Apr. 2018 Gasoline tankers shown to be involved in fuel theft are now being seized and turned over to Pemex. Amy Guthrie, The Seattle Times, "Mexico president declares gains in fight against fuel theft," 14 Jan. 2019 Each player drafts cards for a dinosaur park, arranges them in a grid (that has one empty space), and turns over a timer. Nate Anderson, Ars Technica, "Eight great board games we played at PAX Unplugged," 8 Dec. 2018 The two memos were part of 1,700 pages of documents turned over at the request of South Carolina's Gowdy. Gregory Wallace, CNN, "EPA gives Congress limited justifications for Pruitt's first-class travel," 7 May 2018 He was similarly puzzled when asked Thursday, citing statutes that compel prosecutors to turn over exculpatory evidence. Anita Chabria And Darrell Smith, sacbee, "This mother is demanding a test for DNA, even if it proves her son is guilty of rape | The Sacramento Bee," 4 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'turnover.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of turnover


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 5


circa 1849, in the meaning defined above


14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

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Statistics for turnover

Last Updated

18 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for turnover

The first known use of turnover was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for turnover



English Language Learners Definition of turnover

: the amount of money that is received in sales by a store or company
: the rate at which people leave a place, company, etc., and are replaced by others
: the rate at which the goods in a store are sold and replaced by other goods


turn·​over | \ ˈtərn-ˌō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Kids Definition of turnover

: a filled pastry with one half of the crust turned over the other


turn·​over | \ ˈtər-ˌnō-vər How to pronounce turnover (audio) \

Medical Definition of turnover

: the continuous process of loss and replacement of a constituent (as a neurotransmitter, cell, or tissue) of a living system protein turnover in various pathological states— J. C. Waterlow hyperthyroidism accelerates bone turnover and shortens the normal bone remodeling cycle— Richard Sadovsky

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More from Merriam-Webster on turnover

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with turnover

Spanish Central: Translation of turnover

Nglish: Translation of turnover for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of turnover for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about turnover

Comments on turnover

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behavior toward others

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