\ ˈtərf How to pronounce turf (audio) \
plural turfs\ ˈtərfs How to pronounce turfs (audio) \ also turves\ ˈtərvz How to pronounce turves (audio) \

Definition of turf

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : the upper stratum of soil bound by grass and plant roots into a thick mat also : a piece of this
b : an artificial substitute for this (as on a playing field)
2a : territory considered by a gang to be under its control
b : territory sense 2 have to play two of the last three games on hostile turf— Joe Klein in chapter two, the author is on unfamiliar turf also : a sphere of activity or influence people who could hurt him on his own foreign-policy turfWall Street Jour.
3a : a track or course for horse racing
b : the sport or business of horse racing
b : a piece of peat dried for fuel


turfed; turfing; turfs

Definition of turf (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to cover with turf
2 chiefly British : to eject forcibly : kick usually used with out

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Other Words from turf


turfy \ ˈtər-​fē How to pronounce turfy (audio) \ adjective

Examples of turf in a Sentence

Noun a lawn made by laying turfs Synthetic turf was installed in the playing field instead of grass. playing fields with artificial turfs The team played on home turf.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun In the weeks that followed, Patterson would watch the ball tumble out of his hands and hit the turf on eight different occasions, leading to four turnovers. Rainer Sabin, Detroit Free Press, "Shea Patterson cured his fumblitis and Michigan football is healthier," 13 Nov. 2019 Wawa announced plans Wednesday for an aggressive expansion in Maryland — home turf to smaller rival Royal Farms — as the chain began construction on a store in Baltimore’s Canton neighborhood and announced four more sites in Baltimore County. Lorraine Mirabella, baltimoresun.com, "Wawa launches Maryland expansion with plans for Canton store and four more in Baltimore County," 13 Nov. 2019 Last Monday, the black cat pawed all over the turf and (kind of) scored a touchdown before being herded off the field and into the hearts of millions. Eric Todisco, PEOPLE.com, "Black Cat That Hilariously Interrupted NFL Game Announced as Starter for the Dallas Cowboys," 11 Nov. 2019 In the 1960s, Caldera grew up in the gangland turf called El Ghost Town, where young men were considered gang members just by living in the neighborhood. Vincent T. Davis, ExpressNews.com, "Vietnam veteran counsels San Antonio military veterans and invests in old West Side neighborhood," 11 Nov. 2019 For 21 days, the college football world wondered how Tua Tagovailoa would navigate this historic showdown after suffering a high-ankle sprain on that same Bryant-Denny Stadium turf. Michael Casagrande | Mcasagrande@al.com, al, "Why Tua Tagovailoa earned ultimate respect from LSU safety," 10 Nov. 2019 Pier 25, off TriBeCa, is packed with sand volleyball courts, a playground, mini golf, an artificial turf lawn and an array of lounge chairs facing the river. Jane Margolies, New York Times, "Are Parks for Strolling or Sports? In New York, It’s Complicated.," 8 Nov. 2019 Cabello and Lipa are back on familiar turf, having performed at last year’s ceremony. Billboard Staff, Billboard, "Camila Cabello, Billie Eilish, Dua Lipa & Lizzo to Perform at 2019 American Music Awards," 6 Nov. 2019 Refusing to look foolish in front of a stadium of delighted fans, the cat zigzagged across the turf, avoiding capture. Elizabeth Wolfe And Justin Lear, CNN, "A black cat halted the Cowboys-Giants NFL game with a thrillingly furry touchdown," 5 Nov. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb As for Elway being turfed after the year, anything is possible. Ryan O’halloran, The Denver Post, "Broncos Mailbag: Does John Elway really think Drew Lock is being helped by not playing?," 5 Nov. 2019 By turfing the British out, Gálvez denied them a port in the Gulf of Mexico. John Kelly, Washington Post, "The Spaniard who helped win the Revolutionary War has a new statue in D.C.," 17 July 2019 Bayern are in somewhat of a transitional period after losing club legends Arjen Robben, Franck Ribery and Rafinha, as well as turfing out Mats Hummels in a bid to liven up their ageing squad. SI.com, "Bayern Munich: Schalke May Have Been Dispatched But Die Roten Must Improve to Retain Bundesliga," 25 Aug. 2019 Hours into office, Johnson turfed Hunt out of the job and gave it to his hardline Brexiteer colleague, Dominic Raab. Nic Robertson, CNN, "Boris Johnson stakes future on Donald Trump after Brexit. The gamble may break Britain," 24 Aug. 2019 That would need at least some Conservative MPs to vote to bring down their own government, something that has not happened since rebel Tories helped turf out Neville Chamberlain in 1940. The Economist, "To stop no-deal, Tory MPs must be ready to bring down Boris Johnson," 27 July 2019 In San Jose, 397 employees were turfed, and another 91 workers lost their jobs at the company’s offices in Milpitas, according to the California WARN Act filing. Levi Sumagaysay, The Mercury News, "Cisco lays off nearly 500 workers in San Jose and Milpitas," 14 Aug. 2019 And with 52 of 55 seats on the council held by Labour, there was little prospect of the party being turfed out and the company shut down by a new administration. The Economist, "Robin Hood Energy, the company bringing power to the people," 3 May 2018 Damaged property, Zaremba Drive: A Zaremba resident called police at about 4:30 p.m. April 20 and said that earlier in the day, a silver sport-utility vehicle turfed his front lawn. Bob Sandrick, cleveland.com, "Drunk driver passes out behind wheel of SUV; silver SUV turfs lawn, hits garbage can: Brook Park police blotter," 4 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'turf.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of turf


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for turf


Middle English, from Old English; akin to Old High German zurba turf, Sanskrit darbha tuft of grass

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Statistics for turf

Last Updated

16 Nov 2019

Time Traveler for turf

The first known use of turf was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for turf


How to pronounce turf (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of turf

: the upper layer of ground that is made up of grass and plant roots
British : a square piece of turf cut out of the ground that is used for making lawns
: a material that looks like grass and that is used especially to cover athletic fields


\ ˈtərf How to pronounce turf (audio) \

Kids Definition of turf

1 : the upper layer of soil bound into a thick mat by roots of grass and other plants
2 : land covered with grass
3 : an area that is or is felt to be under an individual's control Fluffy won't allow any other dogs on his turf.

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More from Merriam-Webster on turf

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with turf

Spanish Central: Translation of turf

Nglish: Translation of turf for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of turf for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about turf

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