tuberculosis

noun
tu·​ber·​cu·​lo·​sis | \ tu̇-ˌbər-kyə-ˈlō-səs How to pronounce tuberculosis (audio) , tyu̇-\
plural tuberculoses\ tu̇-​ˌbər-​kyə-​ˈlō-​ˌsēz How to pronounce tuberculoses (audio) , tyu̇-​ \

Definition of tuberculosis

: a highly variable communicable disease of humans and some other vertebrates that is caused by the tubercle bacillus and rarely in the U.S. by a related mycobacterium (Mycobacterium bovis), that affects especially the lungs but may spread to other areas (such as the kidney or spinal column), and that is characterized by fever, cough, difficulty in breathing, formation of tubercles, caseation, pleural effusions, and fibrosis

Examples of tuberculosis in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

Malaria infections, along with hunger and tuberculosis, have surged since 2008. Emily Baumgaertner, New York Times, "In a Rare Success, Paraguay Conquers Malaria," 6 July 2018 Sholts jokes that her one scientific contribution to the exhibition is a human skull collected from a man diagnosed with influenza and tuberculosis. Daniel Fernandez, Smithsonian, "How Globalization Changed the Way We Fight Disease," 4 June 2018 Common infections, such as pneumonia and tuberculosis, are becoming increasingly difficult to treat. Sophie Cousins, CNN, "Wherever you are in the world, time is running out for treating gonorrhea," 15 May 2018 Until 1950, tuberculosis was the state's leading cause of death. Devin Kelly, Anchorage Daily News, "Meet the city health worker who tracks down tuberculosis patients in Anchorage," 3 July 2018 Then there are infections that fall into the airborne transmission category, like measles, tuberculosis, and chickenpox. Colleen Stinchcombe, SELF, "Here’s How Far Germs Spread Through Sneezing and Coughing," 13 Feb. 2019 Yet diseases that used to be controlled, like malaria and tuberculosis, are turning epidemic. The Editorial Board, WSJ, "A ‘Military Option’ for Sick Venezuelans," 22 Nov. 2018 The remaining 55 are tests for diseases the W.H.O. considers of highest priority: H.I.V., tuberculosis, malaria, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HPV and syphilis. New York Times, "For First Time, W.H.O. Names Some Lab Tests ‘Essential’," 21 May 2018 The North Korean government has publicly worried about the effects on tuberculosis and malaria infection rates. Jeremy Youde, Washington Post, "North Korea has a big tuberculosis problem. It’s about to get worse.," 12 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'tuberculosis.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of tuberculosis

1839, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for tuberculosis

New Latin

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Statistics for tuberculosis

Last Updated

20 Apr 2019

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Time Traveler for tuberculosis

The first known use of tuberculosis was in 1839

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More Definitions for tuberculosis

tuberculosis

noun

English Language Learners Definition of tuberculosis

medical : a serious disease that mainly affects the lungs

tuberculosis

noun
tu·​ber·​cu·​lo·​sis | \ tu̇-ˌbər-kyə-ˈlō-səs How to pronounce tuberculosis (audio) , tyu̇-\

Kids Definition of tuberculosis

: a serious disease that mostly affects the lungs and in which there is fever, cough, and difficulty in breathing

tuberculosis

noun
tu·​ber·​cu·​lo·​sis | \ t(y)u̇-ˌbər-kyə-ˈlō-səs How to pronounce tuberculosis (audio) \
plural tuberculoses\ -​ˌsēz How to pronounce tuberculoses (audio) \

Medical Definition of tuberculosis

: a usually chronic highly variable disease that is caused by a bacterium of the genus Mycobacterium (M. tuberculosis) and rarely in the United States by a related mycobacterium (M. bovis), is usually communicated by inhalation of the airborne causative agent, affects especially the lungs but may spread to other areas (as the kidney or spinal column) from local lesions or by way of the lymph or blood vessels, and is characterized by fever, cough, difficulty in breathing, inflammatory infiltrations, formation of tubercles, caseation, pleural effusion, and fibrosis

called also TB

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