tort

noun
\ ˈtȯrt How to pronounce tort (audio) \

Definition of tort

: a wrongful act other than a breach of contract for which relief may be obtained in the form of damages or an injunction

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Did You Know?

Tort came into English straight from French many centuries ago, and it still looks a little odd. Its root meaning of "twisted" (as opposed to "straight") obviously came to mean "wrong" (as opposed to "right"). Every first-year law student takes a course in the important subject of torts. Torts include all the so-called "product-liability" cases, against manufacturers of cars, household products, children's toys, and so on. They also cover dog bites, slander and libel, and a huge variety of other very personal cases of injury, both mental and physical—Torts class is never dull. If you're sued for a tort and lose, you usually have to pay "damages"—that is, a sum of money—to the person who you wronged.

Examples of tort in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Tynes’s complaint details numerous grounds for alleging a rather egregious breach of contract, along with a series of malicious and bad-faith acts that may — depending on the evidence — constitute intentional torts. David French, National Review, "The Oberlin Trial Is a Blueprint for Fighting Back," 10 June 2019 Canyon County has until the end of November to decide whether to respond to the tort claims. USA TODAY, "Disney surprise, foreign feral hogs, porous pavement: News from around our 50 states," 13 Sep. 2019 This undermines the very existence of US torts laws. Ephrat Livni, Quartz, "When it comes to product safety, Amazon says it doesn’t really sell things," 24 Aug. 2019 Future Claims But coming up with a way to corral all future claims in a settlement that withstands court scrutiny may be difficult, said Jean Eggen, a Widener University law professor who teaches about toxic torts and environmental law. Tim Loh, Fortune, "Bayer Wants to Settle All Roundup-Related Cancer Claims for $8 Billion," 9 Aug. 2019 But coming up with a way to corral all future claims in a settlement that withstands court scrutiny may be difficult, said Jean Eggen, a Widener University law professor who teaches about toxic torts and environmental law. Bloomberg News, cleveland.com, "Bayer proposes paying $8 billion to settle Roundup cancer claims," 9 Aug. 2019 But coming up with a way to corral all future claims in a settlement that withstands court scrutiny may be difficult, said Jean Eggen, a Widener University law professor who teaches about toxic torts and environmental law. Los Angeles Times, "Bayer wants to settle Roundup cancer claims for $8 billion, sources say," 9 Aug. 2019 But Hanover isn’t paying anyone other than the 10 students with tort claims. Josh Verges, Twin Cities, "McNally Smith co-founder Doug Smith files for bankruptcy," 15 Aug. 2019 The lawyer, Jeff Gibson of Wagner Reese, LLP, made the accusations in a tort claim notice dated Aug. 6 that was sent to Tri-West High School, North West Hendricks County Schools and the North West Hendricks County School Board. Andrew Clark, Indianapolis Star, "Lawyer: Tri-West football coach abused student, threatened to retaliate if she spoke out," 8 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'tort.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of tort

1586, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for tort

Middle English, injury, from Anglo-French, from Medieval Latin tortum, from Latin, neuter of tortus twisted, from past participle of torquēre

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Dictionary Entries near tort

torsion scale

torsk

torso

tort

torta

torte

torteau

Statistics for tort

Last Updated

4 Nov 2019

Time Traveler for tort

The first known use of tort was in 1586

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More Definitions for tort

tort

noun
How to pronounce tort (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of tort

law : an action that wrongly causes harm to someone but that is not a crime and that is dealt with in a civil court

tort

noun
\ ˈtȯrt How to pronounce tort (audio) \

Legal Definition of tort

: a wrongful act other than a breach of contract that injures another and for which the law imposes civil liability : a violation of a duty (as to exercise due care) imposed by law as distinguished from contract for which damages or declaratory relief (as an injunction) may be obtained also : a cause of action based on such an act the court declined to recognize the tortNational Law Journal cannot sue in tort — compare crime, delict

History and Etymology for tort

Anglo-French, wrongful or illegal act, from Old French, injury, from Medieval Latin tortum, from Latin, neuter of tortus twisted, from past participle of torquēre to twist

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More from Merriam-Webster on tort

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with tort

Nglish: Translation of tort for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of tort for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about tort

Comments on tort

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