the·​ol·​o·​gy | \ thē-ˈä-lə-jē How to pronounce theology (audio) \
plural theologies

Definition of theology

1 : the study of religious faith, practice, and experience especially : the study of God and of God's relation to the world
2a : a theological theory or system Thomist theology a theology of atonement
b : a distinctive body of theological opinion Catholic theology
3 : a usually 4-year course of specialized religious training in a Roman Catholic major seminary

Examples of theology in a Sentence

He has an interest in theology and pastoral work. The bishop was opposed to the group's theology.

Recent Examples on the Web

Evangelicalism is a swath of Christianity that encompasses a huge number of denominations, theologies, ethnicities, geographies, ideas about how churches should operate, even political persuasions. Emily Todd Vanderwerff, Vox, "What HBO’s The Righteous Gemstones gets right about evangelicals," 19 Aug. 2019 Up next was Anderson, a Holocaust denier who gave a rambling sermon against Calvinist theology, which includes predestination, the belief that God has chosen certain people to go to heaven before they’re born. Los Angeles Times, "Radical Baptist church preaches LGBTQ hate just miles from California’s Capitol," 2 Aug. 2019 Elpidophoros Lambriniadis, 51, a native of Istanbul and a longtime theology professor in Greece, was enthroned as archbishop in an elaborate ceremony at the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity in Manhattan. Washington Post, "Greek Orthodox church in US gets 1st new leader in 20 years," 22 June 2019 There’s at least as much motivated reasoning in theology as in the law. Kevin D. Williamson, National Review, "America’s Other ‘Special Relationship’ Remains Worth Preserving," 18 Aug. 2019 Because in American theology these machines are holy relics, icons in undiluted sense of having a magical presence. Dan Neil, WSJ, "100 Years of John Deere: How Its Waterloo Boy Tractor Changed America," 7 Sep. 2018 And that was also true of the lay people who were teachers — theology teachers or choir teachers and all these different parts of the school. Emily Mcfarlan Miller | Religion News Service, Washington Post, "‘Making fun of Catholic school has been covered’: Why Greta Gerwig wanted something different for ‘Lady Bird’," 23 Jan. 2018 Jihadists, for example, seek to transform Muslim attitudes and theology. David French, Time, "My Fellow Republicans Must Stand Against the Alt-Right Virus Infecting America," 8 Aug. 2019 His father had enrolled in a university theology program on an F-1 student visa. NBC News, "Supreme Court to hear DACA case while 'Dreamers' who never qualified remain in the shadows," 2 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'theology.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of theology

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for theology

Middle English theologie, from Anglo-French, from Latin theologia, from Greek, from the- + -logia -logy

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Statistics for theology

Last Updated

8 Sep 2019

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Time Traveler for theology

The first known use of theology was in the 14th century

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English Language Learners Definition of theology

: the study of religious faith, practice, and experience : the study of God and God's relation to the world
: a system of religious beliefs or ideas


the·​ol·​o·​gy | \ thē-ˈä-lə-jē How to pronounce theology (audio) \
plural theologies

Kids Definition of theology

: the study and explanation of religious faith, practice, and experience

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More from Merriam-Webster on theology

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with theology

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for theology

Spanish Central: Translation of theology

Nglish: Translation of theology for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of theology for Arabic Speakers

Comments on theology

What made you want to look up theology? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


formidable, illustrious, or eminent

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