syncretism

noun

syn·​cre·​tism ˈsiŋ-krə-ˌti-zəm How to pronounce syncretism (audio)
ˈsin-
1
: the combination of different forms of belief or practice
2
: the fusion of two or more originally different inflectional forms
syncretist noun or adjective
syncretistic adjective

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The ancient Greeks mainly used the term synkrētismos to describe the joining together of Greeks in opposition to a common enemy. In the early 17th century, English speakers adopted the term in the anglicized form syncretism to refer to the union of different religious beliefs. Three centuries later, lexicographers of the 1909 edition of Webster’s New International Dictionary of the English Language added a new definition of syncretism ("the union or fusion into one or two or more originally different inflectional forms, as of two cases"), but this specialized sense is rarely encountered outside of the field of linguistics. Some related terms that you might encounter are syncretize ("to attempt to unite and harmonize"), syncretist ("one who advocates syncretism"), and syncretic and syncretistic ("characterized or brought about by syncretism").

Examples of syncretism in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web The second was cultural, defining Indian society by the values of tolerance, pluralism, and syncretism. Milan Vaishnav, Foreign Affairs, 6 May 2019 The dances, which reflect Mexican syncretism, went on for hours. Chantal Flores, Los Angeles Times, 15 Dec. 2023 Their religion, Mexican syncretism, worships the forces of nature, the animals of the jungle, and the planets in the sky. Travel + Leisure Editors, Travel + Leisure, 22 June 2023 The plan was to have a perfect society, one in which men and women were equal, art was celebrated, magic was part of reality, syncretism was accepted, and homosexuality was seen as perfectly normal. Gabino Iglesias, BostonGlobe.com, 2 Feb. 2023 Elliot & Erick added a new chapter to their creative journey, one made up of cultural syncretism and references to the great masters of the Renaissance. Vogue, 29 Nov. 2022 Any suggestion of syncretism or co-influence feels tantamount to treason. Jennifer Wilson, New York Times, 29 Mar. 2022 The book’s spirit of joyful syncretism is reflected by the backgrounds of its creators. Meghan Cox Gurdon, WSJ, 11 Feb. 2022 The first is syncretism, the merging of two traditions into a new one. Steve Padilla, Los Angeles Times, 28 Oct. 2021

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'syncretism.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

New Latin syncretismus, from Greek synkrētismos federation of Cretan cities, from syn- + Krēt-, Krēs Cretan

First Known Use

1618, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of syncretism was in 1618

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Cite this Entry

“Syncretism.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/syncretism. Accessed 21 Jul. 2024.

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