syllogism

play
noun syl·lo·gism \ˈsi-lə-ˌji-zəm\

Definition of syllogism

  1. 1 :  a deductive scheme of a formal argument consisting of a major and a minor premise and a conclusion (as in “every virtue is laudable; kindness is a virtue; therefore kindness is laudable”)

  2. 2 :  a subtle, specious, or crafty argument

  3. 3 :  deductive reasoning

syllogistic

play \ˌsi-lə-ˈjis-tik\ adjective

syllogistically

play \-ti-k(ə-)lē\ adverb

syllogism was our Word of the Day on 07/05/2013. Hear the podcast!

Examples of syllogism in a Sentence

  1. An example of a syllogism is: All men are human; all humans are mortal; therefore all men are mortal.

Did You Know?

For those trained in formal argument, the syllogism is a classical form of deduction. One example is the inference that "kindness is praiseworthy" from the premises "every virtue is praiseworthy" and "kindness is a virtue." "Syllogism" came to English through Anglo-French from Latin syllogismus, which in turn can be traced back through Greek to the verb syllogizesthai, meaning "to infer." In Greek logizesthai means "to calculate" and derives from logos, meaning "word" or "reckoning." "Syl-" comes from syn-, meaning "with" or "together."

Origin and Etymology of syllogism

Middle English silogisme, from Anglo-French sillogisme, from Latin syllogismus, from Greek syllogismos, from syllogizesthai to syllogize, from syn- + logizesthai to calculate, from logos reckoning, word — more at legend


SYLLOGISM Defined for English Language Learners

syllogism

play
noun

Definition of syllogism for English Language Learners

  • : a formal argument in logic that is formed by two statements and a conclusion which must be true if the two statements are true



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