surge

verb
\ ˈsərj How to pronounce surge (audio) \
surged; surging

Definition of surge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

intransitive verb

1 : to rise and fall actively : toss a ship surging in heavy seas
2 : to rise and move in waves or billows : swell the sea was surging
3 : to slip around a windlass, capstan, or bitts used especially of a rope
4 : to rise suddenly to an excessive or abnormal value the stock market surged to a record high
5 : to move with a surge or in surges felt the blood surging into his face— Harry Hervey she surged past the other runners

transitive verb

: to let go or slacken gradually surge a rope

surge

noun

Definition of surge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a swelling, rolling, or sweeping forward like that of a wave or series of waves a surge of interest
2a : a large wave or billow : swell
b(1) : a series of such swells or billows
(2) : the resulting elevation of water level
3a : a movement (such as a slipping or slackening) of a rope or cable
b : a sudden jerk or strain caused by such a movement
4 : a transient sudden rise of current or voltage in an electrical circuit

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Synonyms for surge

Synonyms: Noun

billow, swell, wave

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Examples of surge in a Sentence

Verb

We all surged toward the door. She surged past the other runners. Thoughts of what could happen were surging through his mind. Housing prices have surged in recent months. Interest in the sport has been surging.

Noun

The sport is enjoying a surge in popularity. a surge of support for the candidate There was a sudden surge toward the door. There has been a surge of immigrants into the city.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

The online real-estate company posted strong first-quarter results late Thursday with revenue surging 51% compared with a year earlier, well above analyst estimates. Laura Forman, WSJ, "Investors Flip For Zillow," 10 May 2019 When a storm pounded Norton Sound, water on Feb. 12 surged up the Yukon River and into Kotlik, flooding low-lying homes. Dan Joling, The Seattle Times, "Pace of Bering Sea changes startles scientists," 16 Apr. 2019 The sector has been rising as oil prices have surged about 40% so far this year, sending energy company revenues higher and giving them more funds for investment. Alex Veiga, The Seattle Times, "S&P 500 notches 3rd straight weekly gain as US stocks rally," 14 Apr. 2019 On Wednesday, the cost of borrowing Turkish liras outside of Turkey using foreign currency as collateral surged. Jon Sindreu, WSJ, "Turkey’s Heavy-Handed Crackdown on Currency Speculators," 27 Mar. 2019 Indeed, all but one IPO since the start of 2018 has surged by 44% in the first day—the maximum allowed. Jacky Wong, WSJ, "Irrational Exuberance Endangers China’s Nasdaq," 3 Apr. 2019 That effect will be even more pronounced in poorer countries like China, where meat consumption is clearly constrained by income and has been surging in recent years as the country gets richer. Matthew Yglesias, Vox, "The best thing you can do to stop climate change is to vote against Republicans," 27 Nov. 2018 Thermal activity has been surging recently in Yellowstone's Geyser Hill, and Ear Spring's September eruption was its biggest in over 60 years, according to Live Science. Sam Blum, Popular Mechanics, "Heavily Littered Yellowstone Geyser Spews Tons of Trash Into Air During Eruption," 5 Oct. 2018 Demand for mental-health services on college campuses has surged in recent years and, as local campuses understand all too well, suicide is the second leading cause of death among college students. Aubrey Nagle, Philly.com, "Local Dems oppose SCOTUS pick, school board hosts first public meeting | Morning Newsletter," 10 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

There has been a surge in sales from the riskiest parts of the $3.9 trillion market for state and local debt. Gunjan Banerji, WSJ, "Risk Rises in Municipal Bonds," 21 Jan. 2019 Waymo still has a fairly small fleet of vehicles, and there's likely to be a surge of interest in this new technology. Timothy B. Lee, Ars Technica, "Waymo One, the groundbreaking self-driving taxi service, explained," 5 Dec. 2018 According to the latest data from the New York City health department, there’s been a surge in uptake of the MMR vaccine among children in Williamsburg since the outbreak started. Julia Belluz, Vox, "New York’s Orthodox Jewish community is battling measles outbreaks. Vaccine deniers are to blame.," 9 Nov. 2018 There has been an impressive surge of early voting throughout the country, as well as calls to action from the likes of Oprah and former President Barack Obama. Brooke Bobb, Vogue, "These Fashion Labels Made Voting Merch and Now They’re Sharing Why They’re Headed to the Polls Tomorrow," 5 Nov. 2018 Keyes said in a phone interview. Winter storm surge flooding is the latest indication that something’s off-kilter around the Bering Strait, the gateway from the Pacific Ocean to the Arctic Ocean. Dan Joling, The Seattle Times, "Pace of Bering Sea changes startles scientists," 16 Apr. 2019 This Florence—a Category 2 hurricane barreling toward Georgia, North and South Carolina, and Virginia, expected to dump nearly 3 feet of rain along the coast and bring on a 13-foot storm surge—is a markedly bad thing. Meredith Carey, Condé Nast Traveler, "More Than 1,400 Flights Already Canceled Ahead of Hurricane Florence," 13 Sep. 2018 Furniture carried away by Hurricane Irma's storm surge is strewn next to the road in Cudjoe Key on Sept. 15, 2017, two days after the storm. Jim Defede, miamiherald, "'Millions of dollars of wasteful spending.' A look at Gov. Scott's post-Irma debris deals," 29 June 2018 Featured will be Texas storm-surge expert Hal Needham and several locals who survived Harvey. Cary Darling, Houston Chronicle, "'Rise of the Superstorms' looks back at Hurricane Harvey and the devastating 2017 summer," 20 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'surge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of surge

Verb

1511, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense 1

Noun

1520, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for surge

Verb

earlier, to ride (at anchor) probably in part from Middle French sourgir to cast anchor, land, from Catalan surgir to heave, cast anchor, from Latin surgere to rise, spring up; from sub- up + regere to lead straight; in part from Latin surgere — more at sub-, right

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Dictionary Entries near surge

surf whiting

surfy

surg

surge

surge chamber

surge gap

surgeless

Statistics for surge

Last Updated

24 May 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for surge

The first known use of surge was in 1511

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More Definitions for surge

surge

verb

English Language Learners Definition of surge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to move very quickly and suddenly in a particular direction
: to suddenly increase to an unusually high level

surge

noun

English Language Learners Definition of surge (Entry 2 of 2)

: a sudden, large increase
: a sudden movement of many people
: a large wave of water

surge

verb
\ ˈsərj How to pronounce surge (audio) \
surged; surging

Kids Definition of surge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to rise suddenly and greatly Prices have surged recently.
2 : to move suddenly and quickly in a particular direction Crowds were surging through the streets.

surge

noun

Kids Definition of surge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a rush like that of a wave She felt a surge of anger.
2 : a large wave surges of water

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More from Merriam-Webster on surge

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with surge

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for surge

Spanish Central: Translation of surge

Nglish: Translation of surge for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of surge for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about surge

Comments on surge

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