\ ˈsərj How to pronounce surge (audio) \
surged; surging

Definition of surge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

intransitive verb

1 : to rise and fall actively : toss a ship surging in heavy seas
2 : to rise and move in waves or billows : swell the sea was surging
3 : to slip around a windlass, capstan, or bitts used especially of a rope
4 : to rise suddenly to an excessive or abnormal value the stock market surged to a record high
5 : to move with a surge or in surges felt the blood surging into his face— Harry Hervey she surged past the other runners

transitive verb

: to let go or slacken gradually surge a rope



Definition of surge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a swelling, rolling, or sweeping forward like that of a wave or series of waves a surge of interest
2a : a large wave or billow : swell
b(1) : a series of such swells or billows
(2) : the resulting elevation of water level
3a : a movement (such as a slipping or slackening) of a rope or cable
b : a sudden jerk or strain caused by such a movement
4 : a transient sudden rise of current or voltage in an electrical circuit

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Synonyms for surge

Synonyms: Noun

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Examples of surge in a Sentence

Verb We all surged toward the door. She surged past the other runners. Thoughts of what could happen were surging through his mind. Housing prices have surged in recent months. Interest in the sport has been surging. Noun The sport is enjoying a surge in popularity. a surge of support for the candidate There was a sudden surge toward the door. There has been a surge of immigrants into the city.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Even if surging markets restore investor faith in the outlook, low-cost index-tracking funds will capture more of their money. Washington Post, "The Perils of Fund Underperformance," 18 Sep. 2019 In January, Softbank invested $2 billion in WeWork at a $47 billion valuation, which had inexplicably surged from the company's $20 billion valuation in August 2018. Kevin Kelleher, Fortune, "Why a Postponed WeWork IPO Wouldn’t Be Bad News for the IPO Market," 17 Sep. 2019 After surging into double digits in multiple polls in March, he’s seen his numbers dwindle to the low single digits, notching just 3 percent in a new Washington Post-ABC News poll. NBC News, "Buttigieg and O'Rourke fight to reinvigorate their presidential campaigns," 12 Sep. 2019 In both cases—after the rodents were physically restrained for 45 minutes and people were asked to give a 10-minute speech—levels of circulating osteocalcin surged by 50 percent. Diana Kwon, Scientific American, "Fight or Flight May Be In Our Bones," 12 Sep. 2019 And Freddie Mac's data showed that when mortgage rates fell below 3.5 percent, the number of people eligible for a refinance would surge. R.a. Schuetz, Houston Chronicle, "Falling mortgage rates mean $4 trillion worth of debt could benefit from refinancing," 5 Sep. 2019 Still, his administration is bracing for significant amounts of rain and storm surge as the hurricane makes its way up the Atlantic coast. Fox News, "Hurricane Dorian: NASA video shows 62 mph wind and rain whipping through Kennedy Space Center," 4 Sep. 2019 Naphtha competes with natural gas liquids, and supply of the latter has also surged, largely as a by-product of the shale boom. Washington Post, "Oil’s 2019 Weakness Has Roots in 2018’s Strength," 18 Sep. 2019 The storm's 185 miles-per-hour winds splintered homes and whipped up a storm surge that swallowed the land. Tristram Korten, Smithsonian, "The Bahamas and the Caribbean Have Withstood Hurricanes for Centuries," 17 Sep. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The wash-out in oil prices in the fourth quarter of 2018 saw a perfect storm of a surge in crude-oil production running into unusually weak refining activity. Washington Post, "Oil Seems Remarkably Relaxed as Global Tensions Rise," 18 Sep. 2019 And on JioSaavn, a surge in demand for regional music has led to a fall in international music's share from 25% in 2018 to only half that in 2019. Amit Gurbaxani, Billboard, "How K-Pop & Punjabi Pop Are Displacing Bollywood on Indian Streaming Services," 9 Sep. 2019 Juul, the top-selling e-cigarette company in the U.S., is often blamed for the surge in youth vaping. CBS News, "Colorado parents say vaping nearly took their daughter's life," 9 Sep. 2019 From a surge in racist attacks to anger over food shortages and chaos at the border, some risk experts are warning that Britain’s potential exit from the European Union without a deal could lead to violence and unrest. NBC News, "Brexit: Risk experts fear violent consequences of a no-deal E. U. withdrawal," 1 Sep. 2019 Tranquil rice paddies surround Dao Tu but its centre is bustling and frantic, as suppliers try to keep up with the surge in demand in the run-up to the festival. 1843, "Vietnam’s ghosts are hungry for iPhones," 22 Aug. 2019 Howard’s Drugs, the only pharmacy in Lake County, filled enough prescriptions during a surge in the opioid epidemic for every resident to take 68 pills a year., "Oregon pharmacists sold millions of opioid pills, say they felt powerless to say no," 16 Aug. 2019 Now, public-health officials are worried about a surge in bacterial and viral infections linked to opioid misuse that threatens to compound the crisis. Scientific American, "The U.S. Opioid Epidemic Is Driving a Spike in Infectious Diseases," 9 Aug. 2019 Three decades later, as a result of a relentless surge in cybercrime, digital firms are floundering towards their own Exxon Valdez moment. The Economist, "The Exxon Valdez of cyberspace," 8 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'surge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of surge


1511, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense 1


1520, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for surge


earlier, to ride (at anchor) probably in part from Middle French sourgir to cast anchor, land, from Catalan surgir to heave, cast anchor, from Latin surgere to rise, spring up; from sub- up + regere to lead straight; in part from Latin surgere — more at sub-, right

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Statistics for surge

Last Updated

25 Oct 2019

Time Traveler for surge

The first known use of surge was in 1511

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More Definitions for surge


How to pronounce surge (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of surge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to move very quickly and suddenly in a particular direction
: to suddenly increase to an unusually high level



English Language Learners Definition of surge (Entry 2 of 2)

: a sudden, large increase
: a sudden movement of many people
: a large wave of water


\ ˈsərj How to pronounce surge (audio) \
surged; surging

Kids Definition of surge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to rise suddenly and greatly Prices have surged recently.
2 : to move suddenly and quickly in a particular direction Crowds were surging through the streets.



Kids Definition of surge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a rush like that of a wave She felt a surge of anger.
2 : a large wave surges of water

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More from Merriam-Webster on surge

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for surge

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with surge

Spanish Central: Translation of surge

Nglish: Translation of surge for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of surge for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about surge

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