\ ˈsərj How to pronounce surge (audio) \
surged; surging

Definition of surge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

intransitive verb

1 : to rise and fall actively : toss a ship surging in heavy seas
2 : to rise and move in waves or billows : swell the sea was surging
3 : to slip around a windlass, capstan, or bitts used especially of a rope
4 : to rise suddenly to an excessive or abnormal value the stock market surged to a record high
5 : to move with a surge or in surges felt the blood surging into his face— Harry Hervey she surged past the other runners

transitive verb

: to let go or slacken gradually surge a rope



Definition of surge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a swelling, rolling, or sweeping forward like that of a wave or series of waves a surge of interest
2a : a large wave or billow : swell
b(1) : a series of such swells or billows
(2) : the resulting elevation of water level
3a : a movement (such as a slipping or slackening) of a rope or cable
b : a sudden jerk or strain caused by such a movement
4 : a transient sudden rise of current or voltage in an electrical circuit

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Synonyms for surge

Synonyms: Noun

billow, swell, wave

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Examples of surge in a Sentence


We all surged toward the door. She surged past the other runners. Thoughts of what could happen were surging through his mind. Housing prices have surged in recent months. Interest in the sport has been surging.


The sport is enjoying a surge in popularity. a surge of support for the candidate There was a sudden surge toward the door. There has been a surge of immigrants into the city.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Unidentified gunmen on motorbikes attacked two villages in central Mali, killing at least 41 people in a part of the country where ethnic reprisal attacks have surged in recent months, a local mayor said Tuesday. Washington Post, "World Digest: June 18, 2019," 18 June 2019 But the price in the United States has surged in ways its discoverers could not have predicted. Emily Rauhala, Anchorage Daily News, "As insulin costs soar, American diabetics caravan to Canada for lifesaving medicine," 17 June 2019 But the price in the United States has surged in ways its discoverers could not have predicted. The Washington Post, The Mercury News, "As insulin costs soar, American diabetics drive to Canada," 16 June 2019 But the price in the United States has surged in ways its discoverers could not have predicted., "As insulin costs rise, American diabetics make for Canada," 16 June 2019 Foreign investment in Vietnam and Thailand has surged since the beginning of this year, notes SocGen. Gwynn Guilford, Quartz, "The trade war is already pushing businesses out of China—and it could be permanent," 14 June 2019 That might be smart politics for Warren, who has surged in some recent national polls overall, though is currently facing tougher odds among voters of color. Abby Vesoulis, Time, "Elizabeth Warren's New $7 Billion Plan Aims to Support Entrepreneurs of Color," 14 June 2019 But much of those gains were erased by global energy demand, which surged by 2.9%. Benjamin Storrow, Scientific American, "Hopes for Cutting Carbon Do Not Yet Match Reality," 13 June 2019 Other hot IPOs this year include Zoom Video Communications Inc., which surged 72% on its first day of trading, and vegetarian-food company Beyond Meat Inc., BYND 7.14% which rose a whopping 163% on its opening day. Asjylyn Loder, WSJ, "CrowdStrike Joins Cybersecurity Winning Streak," 13 June 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Its organ donation program was launched when medical professionals at Landstuhl saw a surge in combat casualties being flown in during the Iraq War. NBC News, "U.S. service members killed overseas donate organs to Europeans," 16 June 2019 Steeper slopes also tend to speed up storm surges, likely producing hurricanes that will hit New Orleans and other coastal communities harder. Tristan Baurick,, "Dredging, dams and other river controls starve places downriver of much-needed sediment," 15 June 2019 While Wall Street saw a surge in the price of oil, Iran has denied any connection with the incidents., "Today: Stuck in Southern Mexico," 14 June 2019 According to the 2018 National Gardening Survey, 77 percent of American households are gardening, more than ever before, and millennials are driving that surge, including an increasing number of men. Real Estate, "An infatuation with houseplants takes root in the millennial culture," 12 June 2019 Our latest edition includes notes on Mike Moustakas’s power surge, the slumping Redbirds and a desperate situation north of the border. Michael Shapiro,, "Lucas Giolito Is Living Up to His Top Prospect Billing," 11 June 2019 The surge in American barrels — led by the Permian Basin in West Texas — has offset oil blocked by US sanctions on Venezuela and Iran. Matt Egan, CNN, "America's oil boom will break more records this year. OPEC is stuck in retreat," 10 June 2019 North Texans reported on social media experiencing power surges in their homes, possibly as a result of the flash of blue light. Jesus Jimenez, Dallas News, "Watch: Power surge accompanies mysterious blue light in sky over Dallas," 5 June 2019 The first recent surges of Central Americans arrived at the U.S. border around 2014, said Tony Payan, director of the Mexico Center at Rice University’s Baker Institute for Public Policy in Houston. Rick Jervis, USA TODAY, "At US-Mexico border, migrants from Africa, Haiti wait to seek asylum," 4 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'surge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of surge


1511, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense 1


1520, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for surge


earlier, to ride (at anchor) probably in part from Middle French sourgir to cast anchor, land, from Catalan surgir to heave, cast anchor, from Latin surgere to rise, spring up; from sub- up + regere to lead straight; in part from Latin surgere — more at sub-, right

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Learn More about surge

Dictionary Entries near surge

surf whiting




surge chamber

surge gap


Statistics for surge

Last Updated

21 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for surge

The first known use of surge was in 1511

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More Definitions for surge



English Language Learners Definition of surge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to move very quickly and suddenly in a particular direction
: to suddenly increase to an unusually high level



English Language Learners Definition of surge (Entry 2 of 2)

: a sudden, large increase
: a sudden movement of many people
: a large wave of water


\ ˈsərj How to pronounce surge (audio) \
surged; surging

Kids Definition of surge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to rise suddenly and greatly Prices have surged recently.
2 : to move suddenly and quickly in a particular direction Crowds were surging through the streets.



Kids Definition of surge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a rush like that of a wave She felt a surge of anger.
2 : a large wave surges of water

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More from Merriam-Webster on surge

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with surge

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for surge

Spanish Central: Translation of surge

Nglish: Translation of surge for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of surge for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about surge

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