\ ˈsərj How to pronounce surge (audio) \
surged; surging

Definition of surge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

intransitive verb

1 : to rise and fall actively : toss a ship surging in heavy seas
2 : to rise and move in waves or billows : swell the sea was surging
3 : to slip around a windlass, capstan, or bitts used especially of a rope
4 : to rise suddenly to an excessive or abnormal value the stock market surged to a record high
5 : to move with a surge or in surges felt the blood surging into his face— Harry Hervey she surged past the other runners

transitive verb

: to let go or slacken gradually surge a rope



Definition of surge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a swelling, rolling, or sweeping forward like that of a wave or series of waves a surge of interest
2a : a large wave or billow : swell
b(1) : a series of such swells or billows
(2) : the resulting elevation of water level
3a : a movement (such as a slipping or slackening) of a rope or cable
b : a sudden jerk or strain caused by such a movement
4 : a transient sudden rise of current or voltage in an electrical circuit

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Synonyms for surge

Synonyms: Noun

billow, swell, wave

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Examples of surge in a Sentence


We all surged toward the door. She surged past the other runners. Thoughts of what could happen were surging through his mind. Housing prices have surged in recent months. Interest in the sport has been surging.


The sport is enjoying a surge in popularity. a surge of support for the candidate There was a sudden surge toward the door. There has been a surge of immigrants into the city.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

The Shanghai Composite surged as much as 3.2% before paring gains to close up 1.1%, still the highest since June. Joanne Chiu, WSJ, "Chinese Stocks Hit Highest Since June on Hopes of Trade Breakthrough," 4 Mar. 2019 That’s why Daniels was held to nine points Monday and Garfield still surged late to beat Seattle Prep 57-40 at Sammamish High School for the Class 3A SeaKing District championship in its tuneup before the state tournament. Tj Cotterill, The Seattle Times, "Garfield looks ready to return to state title game after beating Seattle Prep for SeaKing girls title," 18 Feb. 2019 A decade ago, when banks were crashing, Christopher Kane, Mary Katrantzou, and Roksanda Ilinčić surged up in all their colorfulness; in the early-’90s recession, Alexander McQueen and Hussein Chalayan exploded on the scene. Sarah Mower, Vogue, "The Brexit Deadline Is Looming—Here’s How It Will Affect London Fashion Week," 14 Feb. 2019 These styles of homes surged in popularity in the United States in the mid- to late-19th century, spurred on by the 1876 Centennial International Exposition (the first official World’s Fair). Maggie Burch, House Beautiful, "Everything You Need To Know About Victorian Homes," 6 Nov. 2018 Hundreds of Honduran migrants surged over the Guatemalan border under a broiling sun Monday hoping to make it to new lives in the United States, far from the poverty and violence of their home nation. Fox News, "Honduran migrant caravan crosses Guatemala border, US-bound," 15 Oct. 2018 All at once, 19,058 people surged forward toward the starting line of the world’s largest ultramarathon. Ryan Lenora Brown, The Christian Science Monitor, "South Africa's unlikely ultramarathoner helps others cross the finish line," 6 July 2018 Manuel Neuer surged up the field to support the attack with Germany desperate for a goal, but his decision backfired as South Korea hit on the break, with Son turning the ball into an empty net rounding off a late double., "South Korea 2-0 Germany: Champions Curse Strikes Again as Germany Suffer Shock World Cup Exit," 27 June 2018 Manuel Neuer surged up the field to support the attack with Germany desperate for a goal, but his decision backfired as South Korea hit on the break, with Son turning the ball into an empty net rounding off a late double. Nathan Hilditch, Pro Soccer USA, "South Korea 2-0 Germany: Champions curse strikes again as Germany exits World Cup," 27 June 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Both the Dow and S&P have surged more than 11% to start 2019, on pace for their biggest two-month surge since 1987 and 1991. Jessica Menton, WSJ, "History Shows Rebound May Have More Legs as Dow Extends Rally," 22 Feb. 2019 Its surge versus other borrowing rates in late 2008 spurred investors’ fears as the financial crisis accelerated. Daniel Kruger And Telis Demos, WSJ, "The Benchmark Set to Replace Libor Suffers Volatility Spike," 11 Feb. 2019 And rookie Jacob Martin continued his surge with the sack and forced fumble that resulted in a touchdown. Bob Condotta, The Seattle Times, "Stock Watch: Bob Condotta grades the Seahawks in their 21-7 win over the Vikings," 10 Dec. 2018 Thousands of American homeowners who’ve seen their property values surge are unwrapping the gift of equity. Kenneth R. Harney,, "Booming home equity: Financial gift or warning sign?," 28 June 2018 Maybe that’s how terrazzo manages to fly under the radar for so many people, despite its recent surge in use. Jessica Furseth, Curbed, "How terrazzo made a comeback," 13 June 2018 FitzGerald hopes to continue his late-season surge in Friday's preliminaries in the 1,600 at 5:48 p.m. FitzGerald will compete alongside Pacific League, CIF Southern Section Division I and CIF Masters Meet champion Jagdeep Chahal of Burroughs. Andrew J. Campa,, "State track meet awaits for final four local standouts," 30 May 2018 Efraimson made the 1,500 interesting with her late surge. Ken Goe,, "Sam Kendricks revels in winning the pole vault for the last time at 'historic" Hayward Field," 26 May 2018 Netflix passed Disney in market value Thursday, just one day after its stock surge pushed it higher than Comcast’s valuation. John Patrick Pullen, Fortune, "Netflix's Stock Surge Made It More Valuable Than Disney—For a Few Hours at Least," 24 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'surge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of surge


1511, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense 1


1520, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for surge


earlier, to ride (at anchor) probably in part from Middle French sourgir to cast anchor, land, from Catalan surgir to heave, cast anchor, from Latin surgere to rise, spring up; from sub- up + regere to lead straight; in part from Latin surgere — more at sub-, right

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Learn More about surge

Dictionary Entries near surge

surf whiting




surge chamber

surge gap


Statistics for surge

Last Updated

15 Mar 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for surge

The first known use of surge was in 1511

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More Definitions for surge



English Language Learners Definition of surge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to move very quickly and suddenly in a particular direction
: to suddenly increase to an unusually high level



English Language Learners Definition of surge (Entry 2 of 2)

: a sudden, large increase
: a sudden movement of many people
: a large wave of water


\ ˈsərj How to pronounce surge (audio) \
surged; surging

Kids Definition of surge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to rise suddenly and greatly Prices have surged recently.
2 : to move suddenly and quickly in a particular direction Crowds were surging through the streets.



Kids Definition of surge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a rush like that of a wave She felt a surge of anger.
2 : a large wave surges of water

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More from Merriam-Webster on surge

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with surge

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for surge

Spanish Central: Translation of surge

Nglish: Translation of surge for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of surge for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about surge

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