\ ˈsərj How to pronounce surge (audio) \
surged; surging

Definition of surge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

intransitive verb

1 : to rise and fall actively : toss a ship surging in heavy seas
2 : to rise and move in waves or billows : swell the sea was surging
3 : to slip around a windlass, capstan, or bitts used especially of a rope
4 : to rise suddenly to an excessive or abnormal value the stock market surged to a record high
5 : to move with a surge or in surges felt the blood surging into his face— Harry Hervey she surged past the other runners

transitive verb

: to let go or slacken gradually surge a rope



Definition of surge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a swelling, rolling, or sweeping forward like that of a wave or series of waves a surge of interest
2a : a large wave or billow : swell
b(1) : a series of such swells or billows
(2) : the resulting elevation of water level
3a : a movement (such as a slipping or slackening) of a rope or cable
b : a sudden jerk or strain caused by such a movement
4 : a transient sudden rise of current or voltage in an electrical circuit

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Synonyms for surge

Synonyms: Noun

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Examples of surge in a Sentence

Verb We all surged toward the door. She surged past the other runners. Thoughts of what could happen were surging through his mind. Housing prices have surged in recent months. Interest in the sport has been surging. Noun The sport is enjoying a surge in popularity. a surge of support for the candidate There was a sudden surge toward the door. There has been a surge of immigrants into the city.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Arkansas’ cases have continued to surge, fueled by the delta variant of the coronavirus and the state’s low vaccination rates. From Usa Today Network And Wire Reports, USA TODAY, 15 July 2021 The deaths have continued to surge this year, Berry said. John Tuohy, The Indianapolis Star, 1 July 2021 What's more, Lennar said that its backlog and new orders for homes continued to surge. Paul R. La Monica, CNN, 17 June 2021 The May surge in the BlackRock fund shows just how powerful that guidance can be. Dawn Lim, WSJ, 9 July 2021 There were no immediate reports of damage or injuries in the Tampa Bay area, which is highly vulnerable to storm surge., 8 July 2021 There were no immediate reports of damage or injuries in the Tampa Bay area, which is highly vulnerable to storm surge. Curt Anderson, USA TODAY, 8 July 2021 Time lapse of #Elsa storm surge moving into Horseshoe Beach, Florida this morning. CBS News, 8 July 2021 The Tampa area is highly vulnerable to storm surge because the offshore waters and Tampa Bay are quite shallow, experts say. Curt Anderson, Freida Frisaro, Anchorage Daily News, 7 July 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun But dissatisfaction with Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga’s government has grown amid the slow rollout of coronavirus vaccines and a recent surge in infections that prompted a fourth state of emergency in Tokyo. Washington Post, 23 July 2021 After that first pandemic surge, rates of surgery returned to about equal levels for Black and white men. Elizabeth Cooney, STAT, 22 July 2021 And the highly infectious Delta variant is driving a new COVID surge in all 50 states. The Enquirer, 22 July 2021 Another surge of heat returns today (Heat Advisory posted for an afternoon heat index approaching or topping 100F) and lingers next week with more 90s likely. Paul Douglas, Star Tribune, 22 July 2021 There’s an alarming surge in COVID-19 on the Cape during the height of the summer tourism season., 22 July 2021 Vaccination rates are lagging in many Southern states, and in part of the Mountain West region, even as a new surge fueled by the more contagious Delta variant is causing cases to climb throughout the nation. Ramsey Archibald |, al, 22 July 2021 Sisolak, a Democrat, requested one of the surge teams the same day the Biden administration announced them, and the team in Nevada is the biggest deployed so far. Michelle L. Price,, 22 July 2021 Case counts are still far below the state's biggest surge in January, when the seven-day average reached as high as 9,800. Stephanie Innes, The Arizona Republic, 22 July 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'surge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of surge


1511, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense 1


1520, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for surge


earlier, to ride (at anchor) probably in part from Middle French sourgir to cast anchor, land, from Catalan surgir to heave, cast anchor, from Latin surgere to rise, spring up; from sub- up + regere to lead straight; in part from Latin surgere — more at sub-, right

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Dictionary Entries Near surge



surge chamber

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Statistics for surge

Last Updated

23 Jul 2021

Cite this Entry

“Surge.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 28 Jul. 2021.

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More Definitions for surge



English Language Learners Definition of surge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to move very quickly and suddenly in a particular direction
: to suddenly increase to an unusually high level



English Language Learners Definition of surge (Entry 2 of 2)

: a sudden, large increase
: a sudden movement of many people
: a large wave of water


\ ˈsərj How to pronounce surge (audio) \
surged; surging

Kids Definition of surge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to rise suddenly and greatly Prices have surged recently.
2 : to move suddenly and quickly in a particular direction Crowds were surging through the streets.



Kids Definition of surge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a rush like that of a wave She felt a surge of anger.
2 : a large wave surges of water

More from Merriam-Webster on surge

Nglish: Translation of surge for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of surge for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about surge


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