sump·​tu·​ous | \ ˈsəm(p)(t)-shə-wəs How to pronounce sumptuous (audio) , -shəs, -shwəs\

Definition of sumptuous

: extremely costly, rich, luxurious, or magnificent sumptuous banquets a sumptuous residence also : magnificent sense 4

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Other Words from sumptuous

sumptuously adverb
sumptuousness noun

Did You Know?

The word sumptuous can be used to describe both lush surroundings and rich desserts, and it has an equally rich history. The word, which appeared in English in the 15th century, derives via Middle English from the Latin noun sumptus, meaning "expense." "Sumptus" is related to the Latin verb sumere, which means "take" or "spend" and from which we get a treasure trove of useful verbs: "consume" ("to use up or spend"), "subsume" ("to include or place in something larger"), "resume" ("to take up again"), and "assume" ("to take upon oneself"). Another "sumere" descendant is our adjective "sumptuary," which means "relating to one's extravagant expenditures."

Examples of sumptuous in a Sentence

the cruise ship claims to offer sumptuous furnishings, exquisitely prepared cuisine, and stellar entertainment

Recent Examples on the Web

In the sumptuous video, which was filmed in Cambodia in Jolie's own property, the Oscar-winning actress is draped with a sheer sheet, baring her entire back and revealing her intricate body tattoos. Amy Mackelden, Harper's BAZAAR, "Angelina Jolie Ditches Her Clothes to Promote Mon Guerlain Intense," 3 Aug. 2019 She’s joined by a talent-laden quintet including trumpeter Erik Jekabson, who’s tailored the arrangements to caress her sumptuous voice. Andrew Gilbert, The Mercury News, "A wave of great jazz singers is headed for the Bay Area," 17 July 2019 This sumptuous ode to the languid pleasures of southern European lifestyles served as a manual for anyone aspiring to a life in sunnier climes. Alexander Lobrano, WSJ, "The New Provence: From Quaint to Uber-Chic," 11 July 2019 With Apollo’s priestess as the main attraction, Delphi’s renown grew as Greece’s wealthy city states, and powerful conquerors, built sumptuous treasuries filled with rich offerings to encourage the sun god to favor them in war and politics. Liz Alderman, New York Times, "Voyage to the Center of the World," 9 July 2019 Meanwhile the shelves boast an impressive inventory of fabrics: drab materials for costuming peasant characters, sumptuous brocades for dressing princesses, and every color and texture in between. Marella Gayla,, "In Somerville, a powerhouse of custom costume-making for Boston and beyond," 4 July 2019 The moment may be difficult to recreate in full, but the accompanying spirit—exotic, insurgent, and sumptuous—is one primed for Paris Couture's over-the-top revelry. Calin Van Paris, Vogue, "Givenchy Couture Puts an Aerodynamic Twist on Punk Hair in Paris," 3 July 2019 Like the rest of the Arctic, Fram Strait is changing fast, and Glandon is one of a team of scientists now trying to figure out what that means for the whales that time their visits to dine on the region’s sumptuous spring feast. Christian Åslund, National Geographic, "Melting ice may be a boon for some Arctic whales—then a bust," 2 July 2019 By that time, Travis' bacon burnt ends — those sumptuous pork belly chunks bearing brown sugar and black pepper flavors — were selling like hotcakes, and Heim Barbecue was soon in the big leagues. Dallas News, "Fort Worth's Heim Barbecue shares recipes for the perfect cookout side dishes," 1 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'sumptuous.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of sumptuous

15th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for sumptuous

Middle English, from Latin sumptuosus, from sumptus

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Dictionary Entries near sumptuous


sumptuary law






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Last Updated

7 Aug 2019

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The first known use of sumptuous was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for sumptuous



English Language Learners Definition of sumptuous

: very expensive, rich, or impressive


sump·​tu·​ous | \ ˈsəmp-chə-wəs How to pronounce sumptuous (audio) \

Kids Definition of sumptuous

: very expensive or luxurious a sumptuous meal a sumptuous fabric

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