sum·​mer | \ ˈsə-mər How to pronounce summer (audio) \

Definition of summer

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : the season between spring and autumn comprising in the northern hemisphere usually the months of June, July, and August or as reckoned astronomically extending from the June solstice to the September equinox
2 : the warmer half of the year
3 : year a girl of seventeen summers
4 : a period of maturing powers



Definition of summer (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : of, relating to, or suitable for summer summer vacation a summer home
2 : sown in the spring and harvested in the same year as sown summer wheat — compare winter


summered; summering\ ˈsə-​mə-​riŋ How to pronounce summering (audio) , ˈsəm-​riŋ \

Definition of summer (Entry 3 of 3)

intransitive verb

: to pass the summer

transitive verb

: to keep or carry through the summer especially : to provide (cattle, sheep, etc.) with pasture during the summer

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Other Words from summer


summerlike \ ˈsə-​mər-​ˌlīk How to pronounce summerlike (audio) \ adjective

Examples of summer in a Sentence

Noun What are your plans for this summer? We visited them two summers ago. the first day of summer
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The potential closure of Buckingham Palace to summer tourists – a first for the last 27 years – has not been confirmed by the Royal Collection but is no doubt under review. Simon Perry,, "Queen Elizabeth to Step Back From All Public Duty Until Fall: Report," 11 May 2020 Throughout the hot days of summer, New Yorkers flocked to Brooklyn’s sprawling Green-Wood Cemetery in order to breathe and move. James Hamblin, The Atlantic, "Open Up the Streets," 10 May 2020 For many across the nation, Memorial Day is a time to celebrate the unofficial beginning of summer with friends and family. Alesandra Dubin, Good Housekeeping, "12 Memorial Day Songs to Celebrate America and Honor Our Heroes," 7 May 2020 Both offer educational, entertainment, religious and recreational programming during a two-month summer season. Susan Glaser, cleveland, "New York’s Chautauqua Institution cancels summer season; Ohio’s Lakeside Chautauqua lowers admission, still planning for summer activities," 5 May 2020 Do elephants eat different things in the winter than in the summer? Ryan Lenora Brown, The Christian Science Monitor, "Livestreamed safaris, coming to a laptop near you," 4 May 2020 Deluxe Lemon Bars: Brighten your day and enjoy the taste of summer in this sweet-tart citrus treat. Katlyn Moncada, Better Homes & Gardens, "Out of Butter, Eggs, Flour, Or Milk? Here's What You Can Bake Without Essential Ingredients," 1 Apr. 2020 Cleveland played the majority of the summer without Kluber, and fared just fine. Joe Williams, USA TODAY Sportsbook Wire, "How many games will the Cleveland Indians win in 2020?," 16 Feb. 2020 The idea for the show came to Gael Aitor—a lanky and inquisitive 16-year-old from Anaheim, California—that summer after listening to episodes of Couples Therapy. Jason Parham, Wired, "The Kids of Teenager Therapy Just Want You to #Feel," 30 Apr. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective His numbers in The Crawsover, Jamal Crawford’s pro-am summer league at Seattle Pacific University, also raised eyebrows. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Point Loma Nazarene’s Daulton Hommes signs with San Antonio Spurs," 21 Aug. 2019 Orlando will play its summer league opener Friday afternoon against the Brooklyn Nets at Cox Pavilion. Josh Robbins,, "Magic converge on Las Vegas for 1st time in 13 years," 2 July 2018 To be able to play NBA summer league, to get playing time, to get opportunities on the offensive end, to get a comfort level playing against stronger, elite athletes at this level? J. Michael, Indianapolis Star, "Jaren Jackson Jr. sits in middle of Grizzlies' efforts to rebuild grit-and-grind identity," 11 July 2018 CLEVELAND, Ohio – Summer’s coming to an end, but the fun doesn’t have to., "10 new travel ideas for late summer, close to Cleveland (photos)," 25 Aug. 2017 Summer exhibition of Italian artists features work from painter Malacarne's Water series and glassworks from Vidal. Luann Gibbs,, "Free and fun events this weekend: Aug. 18-20," 16 Aug. 2017 Summer league play has been good for the Dallas Mavericks. David Humphrey, star-telegram, "Mavericks add rookie free agent guard P.J. Dozier," 8 Aug. 2017 Summer seersucker suits from the Alan Flusser brand come from Stein Mart. Cristina Bolling, charlotteobserver, "5 style lessons from a former CLT homicide cop now on TV – who’s also a fashionista," 3 Aug. 2017 Summer’s heat and humidity make a face full of makeup feel oppressive. Crystal Martin, New York Times, "How to Go Makeup-Free This Summer," 1 Aug. 2017 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb And finally, before the first weekend of May, what will summer look like at Put-in-Bay? Laura Johnston, cleveland, "Why does our new reality feel like a dystopian zombie movie: This Week in the CLE," 1 May 2020 That’s not to mention the existential question mark hanging over every Alaska community that relies on tourism: What will summer look like? Bill Roth, Anchorage Daily News, "In an Alaska town where almost everyone lives under the same roof, the pandemic threat feels different," 30 Mar. 2020 CBS News: Is coronavirus less likely to spread at warmer temperatures, and will spring or summer slow the spread of the disease? Jeff Berardelli, CBS News, "Will the coronavirus outbreak die off in summer? An expert weighs in," 18 Mar. 2020 The narwhal is a year-round Arctic resident, summering in ice-free coastal waters. National Geographic, "Penguins don't live at the South Pole, and more polar myths debunked," 3 Feb. 2020 Born Sally Chase Erdman November 7, 1925 to Sally Williams Erdman and Albert William Erdman, Sally grew up in West Hartford and summered in Groton Long Point., "Sally Newell Belding," 1 Dec. 2019 Splurge like Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton who summered at the 128-room Hotel Regina Isabella (from 517 euros). Elaine Glusac, New York Times, "Summer’s Not Over Yet! 8 Ways to Extend Your Vacation," 2 Sep. 2019 Kijaro has just released its newest offering, Rok-it, that is perfect for camping trips, sports sidelines, and summer outdoor movie nights in the park. Necee Regis,, "Here, there, and everywhere," 9 July 2019 Her debut memoir, a smart if unsubtle chronicle of devastating family secrets, opens on Adrienne at 14, summering at her family’s cozy Cape Cod beach house. David Canfield,, "These searing new memoirs sharply explore toxic, intimate relationships," 25 Oct. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'summer.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of summer


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


15th century, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense

History and Etymology for summer


Middle English sumer, from Old English sumor; akin to Old High German & Old Norse sumer summer, Sanskrit samā year, season

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Time Traveler for summer

Time Traveler

The first known use of summer was before the 12th century

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Statistics for summer

Last Updated

19 May 2020

Cite this Entry

“Summer.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 25 May. 2020.

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More Definitions for summer


How to pronounce summer (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of summer

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the warmest season of the year that is after spring and before autumn



English Language Learners Definition of summer (Entry 2 of 2)

: to spend the summer in a particular place


sum·​mer | \ ˈsə-mər How to pronounce summer (audio) \

Kids Definition of summer

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the season between spring and autumn which is in the northern hemisphere usually the months of June, July, and August
2 : one of the years of a person's lifetime a youth of sixteen summers


summered; summering

Kids Definition of summer (Entry 2 of 2)

: to pass the summer We summered at the shore.

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More from Merriam-Webster on summer

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with summer

Spanish Central: Translation of summer

Nglish: Translation of summer for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of summer for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about summer

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