summer

noun
sum·​mer | \ ˈsə-mər How to pronounce summer (audio) \

Definition of summer

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : the season between spring and autumn comprising in the northern hemisphere usually the months of June, July, and August or as reckoned astronomically extending from the June solstice to the September equinox
2 : the warmer half of the year
3 : year a girl of seventeen summers
4 : a period of maturing powers

summer

adjective

Definition of summer (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : of, relating to, or suitable for summer summer vacation a summer home
2 : sown in the spring and harvested in the same year as sown summer wheat — compare winter

summer

verb
summered; summering\ ˈsə-​mə-​riŋ How to pronounce summering (audio) , ˈsəm-​riŋ \

Definition of summer (Entry 3 of 3)

intransitive verb

: to pass the summer

transitive verb

: to keep or carry through the summer especially : to provide (cattle, sheep, etc.) with pasture during the summer

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Other Words from summer

Noun

summerlike \ ˈsə-​mər-​ˌlīk How to pronounce summerlike (audio) \ adjective

Examples of summer in a Sentence

Noun

What are your plans for this summer? We visited them two summers ago. the first day of summer
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

In an interview with Buzzfeed News, Caitlin and her husband Byan recounted the summer that her two daughters had a...visitor. Elizabeth Gulino, House Beautiful, "A Opossum Was Living in a 7-Year-Old’s Room For Three Days Before Anyone Noticed," 19 Apr. 2019 Zones: 6 to 9 Green Beauty (Buxus microphylla japonica 'Green Beauty') This plant retains its dark green foliage in even the hottest summers. Arricca Sansone, Country Living, "20 Best Boxwood Shrubs to Plant in Your Garden," 14 Feb. 2019 District Night, a free summer pop-up party and music festival, is Saturday, July 28, from 4 to 7:30 p.m., in the parking lot across from TheaterWorks at 233 Pearl St., featuring food from area vendors and live music by local artists. Alison Kuznitz, courant.com, "TheaterWorks Throwing Pop-Up Musical Block Party," 10 July 2018 Free summer party series features different live bands each week, plus food trucks, soft drinks, and beer, wine, and spirits. Rasputin Todd, Cincinnati.com, "Things to do in Cincinnati this week: July 9-15," 9 July 2018 Since July 4th is the traditional start of the summer party season on Martha’s Vineyard, there will be ample opportunities for the two sides to see each other. Mark Shanahan, BostonGlobe.com, "The Martha’s Vineyard crowd strikes back at Alan Dershowitz," 4 July 2018 At a meeting of the National Space Council this summer, with Vice President Mike Pence present, former astronaut Terry Virts echoed these sentiments. Eric Berger, Ars Technica, "NASA says it’s building a gateway to the Moon—critics say it’s just a gate," 6 Sep. 2018 The $110 million bridge replacement is being done in two around-the-clock summer sprints, one last summer, one this year, rather than a more traditional project that would keep Comm. Adam Vaccaro, BostonGlobe.com, "Commonwealth Avenue bridge project returns in late July," 11 July 2018 The only thing that can contain my excitement for Daenerys Targaryen, the rightful heir, to finally sit on her throne and rule the Seven Kingdoms—which is my very correct opinion of what should happen—is the fact that summer is arriving. Elizabeth Gulino, House Beautiful, "These GoT-Inspired Pool Floats Will Make You Feel Like the Mother of Dragons," 20 Mar. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Orlando will play its summer league opener Friday afternoon against the Brooklyn Nets at Cox Pavilion. Josh Robbins, OrlandoSentinel.com, "Magic converge on Las Vegas for 1st time in 13 years," 2 July 2018 To be able to play NBA summer league, to get playing time, to get opportunities on the offensive end, to get a comfort level playing against stronger, elite athletes at this level? J. Michael, Indianapolis Star, "Jaren Jackson Jr. sits in middle of Grizzlies' efforts to rebuild grit-and-grind identity," 11 July 2018 CLEVELAND, Ohio – Summer’s coming to an end, but the fun doesn’t have to. cleveland.com, "10 new travel ideas for late summer, close to Cleveland (photos)," 25 Aug. 2017 Summer exhibition of Italian artists features work from painter Malacarne's Water series and glassworks from Vidal. Luann Gibbs, Cincinnati.com, "Free and fun events this weekend: Aug. 18-20," 16 Aug. 2017 Summer league play has been good for the Dallas Mavericks. David Humphrey, star-telegram, "Mavericks add rookie free agent guard P.J. Dozier," 8 Aug. 2017 Summer seersucker suits from the Alan Flusser brand come from Stein Mart. Cristina Bolling, charlotteobserver, "5 style lessons from a former CLT homicide cop now on TV – who’s also a fashionista," 3 Aug. 2017 Summer’s heat and humidity make a face full of makeup feel oppressive. Crystal Martin, New York Times, "How to Go Makeup-Free This Summer," 1 Aug. 2017 Summer rains can cause container plants to decline; check for proper drainage. Tom Maccubbin, OrlandoSentinel.com, "August in the garden," 29 July 2017

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Everyone who summers in Tuscany is a huge fan of this chic little shop, which stocks the best edit of big and small brands alike. Lilah Ramzi, Vogue, "La DoubleJ Designer JJ Martin Shares Her Guide to Adventuring in Italy," 26 Sep. 2018 Quilted cotton and reversible, or softly summer weight? Laura Jacobs, WSJ, "‘Kimono Refashioned: 1870s-Now!’ Review: Unfolding a Garment’s Long History," 16 Oct. 2018 For nearly 50 years, the Zentzes have summered in their second home on a stretch of waterfront in Deer Isle’s Sunshine district. Sandra Ward, WSJ, "The Perfect Place for Their Second Home Is Right Around the Corner," 11 Oct. 2018 Houseplants summering outdoors in the shade also make a handsome addition to container gardening. The Editors, Good Housekeeping, "Everything You Need to Know About Container Gardening," 13 Aug. 2018 Houseplants summering outdoors in the shade also make a handsome addition to container gardening. The Editors, Good Housekeeping, "Everything You Need to Know About Container Gardening," 13 Aug. 2018 Hopper began summering in Maine in 1914; this lighthouse still exists in Cape Elizabeth. Lindsey Taylor, WSJ, "If American Painter Edward Hopper Were a Florist," 20 July 2018 Summer is here, and with it all sorts of outdoor activities to do and bodies of water to seek out and relax around (wear sunscreen!), but there's only so much summering a person can do, really. Vogue, "Here's What to Watch on Netflix in July," 26 June 2018 Rihanna announced yesterday that the palette is part of the new Beach Please summer collection from Fenty Beauty. Sarah Spellings, The Cut, "Rihanna Teases New Summery Fenty Beauty Collection," 15 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'summer.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of summer

Noun

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense

History and Etymology for summer

Noun

Middle English sumer, from Old English sumor; akin to Old High German & Old Norse sumer summer, Sanskrit samā year, season

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Statistics for summer

Last Updated

20 May 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for summer

The first known use of summer was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for summer

summer

noun

English Language Learners Definition of summer

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the warmest season of the year that is after spring and before autumn

summer

verb

English Language Learners Definition of summer (Entry 2 of 2)

: to spend the summer in a particular place

summer

noun
sum·​mer | \ ˈsə-mər How to pronounce summer (audio) \

Kids Definition of summer

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the season between spring and autumn which is in the northern hemisphere usually the months of June, July, and August
2 : one of the years of a person's lifetime a youth of sixteen summers

summer

verb
summered; summering

Kids Definition of summer (Entry 2 of 2)

: to pass the summer We summered at the shore.

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More from Merriam-Webster on summer

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with summer

Spanish Central: Translation of summer

Nglish: Translation of summer for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of summer for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about summer

Comments on summer

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