sum·​mer | \ ˈsə-mər How to pronounce summer (audio) \

Definition of summer

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : the season between spring and autumn comprising in the northern hemisphere usually the months of June, July, and August or as reckoned astronomically extending from the June solstice to the September equinox
2 : the warmer half of the year
3 : year a girl of seventeen summers
4 : a period of maturing powers



Definition of summer (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : of, relating to, or suitable for summer summer vacation a summer home
2 : sown in the spring and harvested in the same year as sown summer wheat — compare winter


summered; summering\ ˈsə-​mə-​riŋ How to pronounce summer (audio) , ˈsəm-​riŋ \

Definition of summer (Entry 3 of 3)

intransitive verb

: to pass the summer

transitive verb

: to keep or carry through the summer especially : to provide (cattle, sheep, etc.) with pasture during the summer

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Other Words from summer


summerlike \ ˈsə-​mər-​ˌlīk How to pronounce summer (audio) \ adjective

Examples of summer in a Sentence

Noun What are your plans for this summer? We visited them two summers ago. the first day of summer
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun For an evening out or a summer wedding, wear the dress with a pair of heels, statement jewelry, and a clutch. Eden Lichterman,, "Amazon Shoppers Are Already ‘in Love’ with This Brand New $27 Off-the-Shoulder Ruffle Dress," 28 Apr. 2021 The ceremony came after a long year of grief for the city, with the backdrop of the coronavirus pandemic and a summer of racial reckoning. Rashika Jaipuriar, The Indianapolis Star, "Honoring Breann Leath: IMPD, family remember officer a year after 'hard to accept' death," 9 Apr. 2021 Downtown businesses have reported struggles over the past year, with multiple closing their doors during a year of pandemic challenges and a summer of protests over the death of Breonna Taylor. Emma Austin, The Courier-Journal, "Popular downtown gift and art boutique is closing its doors after 20 years in Louisville," 1 Apr. 2021 Glassburn noted that early on in the pandemic through the summer the Maple PTA + Makers for Medics operation was the only game in town regarding the creation of face shields. John Benson, cleveland, "North Olmsted Councilman Glassburn receives FOP Citizen Of The Year award," 11 Mar. 2021 San Francisco was comfortably below 1 for most of the fall, and even during the summer surge never reached 1.5. Erin Allday,, "Bay Area begins to feel Thanksgiving fallout as coronavirus cases surge," 7 Dec. 2020 Biden has also drawn a sharp contrast to Trump through a summer of unrest over the police killings of Breonna Taylor in Kentucky and George Floyd in Minneapolis. NBC News, "Biden works to push Black turnout in campaign's final days," 2 Nov. 2020 Biden has also drawn a sharp contrast to Trump through a summer of unrest over the police killings of Breonna Taylor in Kentucky and George Floyd in Minneapolis. The Salt Lake Tribune, "Biden works to mobilize Black voters in campaign’s final days," 2 Nov. 2020 All indications point to a busy summer and fall season for national parks, particularly the most popular locales., "How to plan a national park visit in 2021," 8 Apr. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective As California reached another post-summer high in the number of COVID-19 patients hospitalized statewide, Texas and Illinois, with about 10 million and 6.4 million fewer residents, respectively, surpassed California’s total. Chronicle Staff,, "Coronavirus news from the Bay Area: Nov. 20-26," 27 Nov. 2020 His numbers in The Crawsover, Jamal Crawford’s pro-am summer league at Seattle Pacific University, also raised eyebrows. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Point Loma Nazarene’s Daulton Hommes signs with San Antonio Spurs," 21 Aug. 2019 Orlando will play its summer league opener Friday afternoon against the Brooklyn Nets at Cox Pavilion. Josh Robbins,, "Magic converge on Las Vegas for 1st time in 13 years," 2 July 2018 To be able to play NBA summer league, to get playing time, to get opportunities on the offensive end, to get a comfort level playing against stronger, elite athletes at this level? J. Michael, Indianapolis Star, "Jaren Jackson Jr. sits in middle of Grizzlies' efforts to rebuild grit-and-grind identity," 11 July 2018 CLEVELAND, Ohio – Summer’s coming to an end, but the fun doesn’t have to., "10 new travel ideas for late summer, close to Cleveland (photos)," 25 Aug. 2017 Summer exhibition of Italian artists features work from painter Malacarne's Water series and glassworks from Vidal. Luann Gibbs,, "Free and fun events this weekend: Aug. 18-20," 16 Aug. 2017 Summer league play has been good for the Dallas Mavericks. David Humphrey, star-telegram, "Mavericks add rookie free agent guard P.J. Dozier," 8 Aug. 2017 Summer seersucker suits from the Alan Flusser brand come from Stein Mart. Cristina Bolling, charlotteobserver, "5 style lessons from a former CLT homicide cop now on TV – who’s also a fashionista," 3 Aug. 2017 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb And finally, before the first weekend of May, what will summer look like at Put-in-Bay? Laura Johnston, cleveland, "Why does our new reality feel like a dystopian zombie movie: This Week in the CLE," 1 May 2020 That’s not to mention the existential question mark hanging over every Alaska community that relies on tourism: What will summer look like? Bill Roth, Anchorage Daily News, "In an Alaska town where almost everyone lives under the same roof, the pandemic threat feels different," 30 Mar. 2020 CBS News: Is coronavirus less likely to spread at warmer temperatures, and will spring or summer slow the spread of the disease? Jeff Berardelli, CBS News, "Will the coronavirus outbreak die off in summer? An expert weighs in," 18 Mar. 2020 The narwhal is a year-round Arctic resident, summering in ice-free coastal waters. National Geographic, "Penguins don't live at the South Pole, and more polar myths debunked," 3 Feb. 2020 Born Sally Chase Erdman November 7, 1925 to Sally Williams Erdman and Albert William Erdman, Sally grew up in West Hartford and summered in Groton Long Point., "Sally Newell Belding," 1 Dec. 2019 Splurge like Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton who summered at the 128-room Hotel Regina Isabella (from 517 euros). Elaine Glusac, New York Times, "Summer’s Not Over Yet! 8 Ways to Extend Your Vacation," 2 Sep. 2019 Kijaro has just released its newest offering, Rok-it, that is perfect for camping trips, sports sidelines, and summer outdoor movie nights in the park. Necee Regis,, "Here, there, and everywhere," 9 July 2019 Her debut memoir, a smart if unsubtle chronicle of devastating family secrets, opens on Adrienne at 14, summering at her family’s cozy Cape Cod beach house. David Canfield,, "These searing new memoirs sharply explore toxic, intimate relationships," 25 Oct. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'summer.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of summer


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


15th century, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense

History and Etymology for summer


Middle English sumer, from Old English sumor; akin to Old High German & Old Norse sumer summer, Sanskrit samā year, season

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Time Traveler for summer

Time Traveler

The first known use of summer was before the 12th century

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Statistics for summer

Last Updated

2 May 2021

Cite this Entry

“Summer.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 12 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for summer



English Language Learners Definition of summer

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the warmest season of the year that is after spring and before autumn



English Language Learners Definition of summer (Entry 2 of 2)

: to spend the summer in a particular place


sum·​mer | \ ˈsə-mər How to pronounce summer (audio) \

Kids Definition of summer

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the season between spring and autumn which is in the northern hemisphere usually the months of June, July, and August
2 : one of the years of a person's lifetime a youth of sixteen summers


summered; summering

Kids Definition of summer (Entry 2 of 2)

: to pass the summer We summered at the shore.

More from Merriam-Webster on summer

Nglish: Translation of summer for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of summer for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about summer

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