sum·​mer | \ ˈsə-mər How to pronounce summer (audio) \

Definition of summer

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : the season between spring and autumn comprising in the northern hemisphere usually the months of June, July, and August or as reckoned astronomically extending from the June solstice to the September equinox
2 : the warmer half of the year
3 : year a girl of seventeen summers
4 : a period of maturing powers



Definition of summer (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : of, relating to, or suitable for summer summer vacation a summer home
2 : sown in the spring and harvested in the same year as sown summer wheat — compare winter


summered; summering\ ˈsə-​mə-​riŋ How to pronounce summer (audio) , ˈsəm-​riŋ \

Definition of summer (Entry 3 of 3)

intransitive verb

: to pass the summer

transitive verb

: to keep or carry through the summer especially : to provide (cattle, sheep, etc.) with pasture during the summer

Other Words from summer


summerlike \ ˈsə-​mər-​ˌlīk How to pronounce summer (audio) \ adjective

Examples of summer in a Sentence

Noun What are your plans for this summer? We visited them two summers ago. the first day of summer
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Feel free to layer, stack, or mix and match these translucent baubles with your seashell and nostalgic summer camp–like beaded bracelets—the more, the merrier! Madeline Fass, Vogue, 9 May 2022 The Special Olympics first international games were held in Chicago in 1968 after Eunice Kennedy Shriver launched a summer camp for young people with intellectual disabilities at her home in the suburbs of Washington, D.C. Kate Santich, Orlando Sentinel, 22 Apr. 2022 The return will be conducted in phases scheduled to begin in the spring and last through early summer, meaning not every location will have them immediately. Abigail Adams,, 31 Mar. 2022 Capital Ice Cream will be open Fridays 4 to 8 p.m. and weekends 1 to 8 p.m. through April, expanding to Thursday to Sunday after that and seven days a week through the summer. Susan Dunne,, 31 Mar. 2022 The Chormatica Ball Tour, originally slated for 2020, will kick off on July 17 with a show in Düsseldorf and span through the summer, wrapping at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles on Sept. 10. Larisha Paul, Rolling Stone, 7 Mar. 2022 That number dropped to 3,337 by the time Pritzker lifted his statewide stay-at-home order on May 29 and continued falling before leveling out below 2,000 patients per day through the summer and early fall. Joe Mahr,, 27 Feb. 2022 The conference subcommittee, led by Maya Miller and Irena Hwang, partnered with Journalism Mentors in the lead-up to the summer conference season. Caroline Chen, ProPublica, 14 Feb. 2022 Every summer Leo would take out a loan to just to get through the summer. New York Times, 10 Dec. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Donate blood: The American Red Cross continues to experience an emergency blood and platelet shortage that has caused the blood supply to drop to the lowest post-summer level in at least six years. Sam Boyer, cleveland, 15 Oct. 2021 As California reached another post-summer high in the number of COVID-19 patients hospitalized statewide, Texas and Illinois, with about 10 million and 6.4 million fewer residents, respectively, surpassed California’s total. Chronicle Staff,, 27 Nov. 2020 His numbers in The Crawsover, Jamal Crawford’s pro-am summer league at Seattle Pacific University, also raised eyebrows. San Diego Union-Tribune, 21 Aug. 2019 Orlando will play its summer league opener Friday afternoon against the Brooklyn Nets at Cox Pavilion. Josh Robbins,, 2 July 2018 To be able to play NBA summer league, to get playing time, to get opportunities on the offensive end, to get a comfort level playing against stronger, elite athletes at this level? J. Michael, Indianapolis Star, 11 July 2018 CLEVELAND, Ohio – Summer’s coming to an end, but the fun doesn’t have to., 25 Aug. 2017 Summer exhibition of Italian artists features work from painter Malacarne's Water series and glassworks from Vidal. Luann Gibbs,, 16 Aug. 2017 Summer league play has been good for the Dallas Mavericks. David Humphrey, star-telegram, 8 Aug. 2017 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb And finally, before the first weekend of May, what will summer look like at Put-in-Bay? Laura Johnston, cleveland, 1 May 2020 That’s not to mention the existential question mark hanging over every Alaska community that relies on tourism: What will summer look like? Bill Roth, Anchorage Daily News, 30 Mar. 2020 CBS News: Is coronavirus less likely to spread at warmer temperatures, and will spring or summer slow the spread of the disease? Jeff Berardelli, CBS News, 18 Mar. 2020 The narwhal is a year-round Arctic resident, summering in ice-free coastal waters. National Geographic, 3 Feb. 2020 Born Sally Chase Erdman November 7, 1925 to Sally Williams Erdman and Albert William Erdman, Sally grew up in West Hartford and summered in Groton Long Point., 1 Dec. 2019 Splurge like Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton who summered at the 128-room Hotel Regina Isabella (from 517 euros). Elaine Glusac, New York Times, 2 Sep. 2019 Kijaro has just released its newest offering, Rok-it, that is perfect for camping trips, sports sidelines, and summer outdoor movie nights in the park. Necee Regis,, 9 July 2019 Her debut memoir, a smart if unsubtle chronicle of devastating family secrets, opens on Adrienne at 14, summering at her family’s cozy Cape Cod beach house. David Canfield,, 25 Oct. 2019 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'summer.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of summer


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


15th century, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense

History and Etymology for summer


Middle English sumer, from Old English sumor; akin to Old High German & Old Norse sumer summer, Sanskrit samā year, season

Learn More About summer

Time Traveler for summer

Time Traveler

The first known use of summer was before the 12th century

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Dictionary Entries Near summer



summer's darling

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Statistics for summer

Last Updated

14 May 2022

Cite this Entry

“Summer.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 18 May. 2022.

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More Definitions for summer


sum·​mer | \ ˈsə-mər How to pronounce summer (audio) \

Kids Definition of summer

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the season between spring and autumn which is in the northern hemisphere usually the months of June, July, and August
2 : one of the years of a person's lifetime a youth of sixteen summers


summered; summering

Kids Definition of summer (Entry 2 of 2)

: to pass the summer We summered at the shore.

More from Merriam-Webster on summer

Nglish: Translation of summer for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of summer for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about summer


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