sum·​mer | \ˈsə-mər \

Definition of summer 

(Entry 1 of 3)

1 : the season between spring and autumn comprising in the northern hemisphere usually the months of June, July, and August or as reckoned astronomically extending from the June solstice to the September equinox

2 : the warmer half of the year

3 : year a girl of seventeen summers

4 : a period of maturing powers



Definition of summer (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : of, relating to, or suitable for summer summer vacation a summer home

2 : sown in the spring and harvested in the same year as sown summer wheat — compare winter


summered; summering\ˈsə-​mə-​riŋ, ˈsəm-​riŋ \

Definition of summer (Entry 3 of 3)

intransitive verb

: to pass the summer

transitive verb

: to keep or carry through the summer especially : to provide (cattle, sheep, etc.) with pasture during the summer

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Other Words from summer


summerlike \ˈsə-​mər-​ˌlīk \ adjective

Examples of summer in a Sentence


What are your plans for this summer? We visited them two summers ago. the first day of summer
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Facebook also reported multiple software bugs throughout the summer that unexpectedly impacted users’ privacy settings. Kurt Wagner, Recode, "Facebook is audaciously launching a video gadget for your home, called Portal. Is that a good idea?," 8 Oct. 2018 Suzanne Matan is listed on my calendar and spent much of the summer of '82 with pals, including Brett Kavanaugh. Fox News, "Laura Ingraham: The accusers' last act," 26 Sep. 2018 The national housing market has been tapping the brakes throughout the summer as well, with prices growing 6 percent, down from 6.2 percent a month prior – the fourth straight month of declines. Mike Rosenberg, The Seattle Times, "As Seattle home prices dip, outer reaches of metro area still humming along," 25 Sep. 2018 Google has been adding new features to Classroom throughout the summer in order to prep for the upcoming fall semester, particularly with the recent launch of the Acer Chromebook Tab 10, which is the first tablet to run Chrome OS. Makena Kelly, The Verge, "Google is adding ARCore support to the Chromebook Tab 10 with Classroom updates," 7 Aug. 2018 If your wallet could use a break, Sephora is offering the best deal of the summer — free sheet masks. Macaela Mackenzie, Allure, "Sephora Is Giving Out Free Sheet Masks In-Store This Weekend — Here's How to Get Them," 25 July 2018 And over the course of the summer there was plenty of talent on display. John Maffei,, "Talent and heart show in summer league passing tournaments," 12 July 2018 The lawsuit alleges Wright was assured by her supervisors, then-interim President Rachel Lindsey and Hunt, throughout the summer that her contract would be finalized. Tessa Weinberg,, "Former Chicago State University head of community relations sues board, alleging wrongful firing," 3 July 2018 Typically, the highest number of crimes occur during the hottest part of the summer and during the Christmas holidays, Keenan said. Alexis Stevens, ajc, "Georgia on pace to double deadly officer-involved shootings in 2018," 3 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Orlando will play its summer league opener Friday afternoon against the Brooklyn Nets at Cox Pavilion. Josh Robbins,, "Magic converge on Las Vegas for 1st time in 13 years," 2 July 2018 To be able to play NBA summer league, to get playing time, to get opportunities on the offensive end, to get a comfort level playing against stronger, elite athletes at this level? J. Michael, Indianapolis Star, "Jaren Jackson Jr. sits in middle of Grizzlies' efforts to rebuild grit-and-grind identity," 11 July 2018 CLEVELAND, Ohio – Summer’s coming to an end, but the fun doesn’t have to., "10 new travel ideas for late summer, close to Cleveland (photos)," 25 Aug. 2017 Summer exhibition of Italian artists features work from painter Malacarne's Water series and glassworks from Vidal. Luann Gibbs,, "Free and fun events this weekend: Aug. 18-20," 16 Aug. 2017 Summer league play has been good for the Dallas Mavericks. David Humphrey, star-telegram, "Mavericks add rookie free agent guard P.J. Dozier," 8 Aug. 2017 Summer seersucker suits from the Alan Flusser brand come from Stein Mart. Cristina Bolling, charlotteobserver, "5 style lessons from a former CLT homicide cop now on TV – who’s also a fashionista," 3 Aug. 2017 Summer’s heat and humidity make a face full of makeup feel oppressive. Crystal Martin, New York Times, "How to Go Makeup-Free This Summer," 1 Aug. 2017 Summer rains can cause container plants to decline; check for proper drainage. Tom Maccubbin,, "August in the garden," 29 July 2017

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Houseplants summering outdoors in the shade also make a handsome addition to container gardening. The Editors, Good Housekeeping, "Everything You Need to Know About Container Gardening," 13 Aug. 2018 Hopper began summering in Maine in 1914; this lighthouse still exists in Cape Elizabeth. Lindsey Taylor, WSJ, "If American Painter Edward Hopper Were a Florist," 20 July 2018 Summer is here, and with it all sorts of outdoor activities to do and bodies of water to seek out and relax around (wear sunscreen!), but there's only so much summering a person can do, really. Vogue, "Here's What to Watch on Netflix in July," 26 June 2018 Rihanna announced yesterday that the palette is part of the new Beach Please summer collection from Fenty Beauty. Sarah Spellings, The Cut, "Rihanna Teases New Summery Fenty Beauty Collection," 15 May 2018 The spring to summer small white flowers of orange, lemon, and other citrus trees are richly scented. The Editors Of Organic Life, Good Housekeeping, "The 60 Most Fragrant Flowers Across The World," 11 May 2017 In 1999, Bob and Jan moved to Sun City Center, FL to avoid the harsh New England winters but kept close contact with their New England friends and family by summering in Otis, MA., "Robert Dixon Shangraw," 15 June 2018 The family summered in Lebanon, and Patricia, a tomboy, learned to hunt and fish all over Iraq. Marcia Desanctis, Town & Country, "The Strange Saga of Trump Winery," 14 Oct. 2016 Houseplants summering outdoors in the shade also make a handsome addition to container gardening. The Editors Of Organic Life, Good Housekeeping, "Everything You Need To Know About Container Gardening," 1 June 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'summer.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of summer


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


15th century, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense

History and Etymology for summer


Middle English sumer, from Old English sumor; akin to Old High German & Old Norse sumer summer, Sanskrit samā year, season

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Statistics for summer

Last Updated

2 Dec 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for summer

The first known use of summer was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for summer



English Language Learners Definition of summer

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the warmest season of the year that is after spring and before autumn



English Language Learners Definition of summer (Entry 2 of 2)

: to spend the summer in a particular place


sum·​mer | \ˈsə-mər \

Kids Definition of summer

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the season between spring and autumn which is in the northern hemisphere usually the months of June, July, and August

2 : one of the years of a person's lifetime a youth of sixteen summers


summered; summering

Kids Definition of summer (Entry 2 of 2)

: to pass the summer We summered at the shore.

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More from Merriam-Webster on summer

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with summer

Spanish Central: Translation of summer

Nglish: Translation of summer for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of summer for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about summer

Comments on summer

What made you want to look up summer? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


to make faulty or ineffective

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