sum·mer | \ˈsə-mər \

Definition of summer 

(Entry 1 of 3)

1 : the season between spring and autumn comprising in the northern hemisphere usually the months of June, July, and August or as reckoned astronomically extending from the June solstice to the September equinox

2 : the warmer half of the year

3 : year a girl of seventeen summers

4 : a period of maturing powers



Definition of summer (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : of, relating to, or suitable for summer summer vacation a summer home

2 : sown in the spring and harvested in the same year as sown summer wheat — compare winter


summered; summering\ˈsə-mə-riŋ, ˈsəm-riŋ \

Definition of summer (Entry 3 of 3)

intransitive verb

: to pass the summer

transitive verb

: to keep or carry through the summer especially : to provide (cattle, sheep, etc.) with pasture during the summer

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Other Words from summer


summerlike \ˈsə-mər-ˌlīk \ adjective

Examples of summer in a Sentence


What are your plans for this summer? We visited them two summers ago. the first day of summer
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Get your summer glow the safe way by incorporating a self-tanner into your skin-care regimen. Janna Mandell,, "Summer skin-care solutions by microclimate," 12 July 2018 More from Mansion Rex Lau, a caretaker for the property, said Mr. Albee, who spent his summers there, was a keen gardener, and could be seen pruning trees well into his 80s. Katherine Clarke, WSJ, "Hamptons Home of Playwright Edward Albee Asks $20 Million," 9 July 2018 In the end, Riley cast Glover's Atlanta costar, Lakeith Stanfield, as the director's surrogate and shot the film over 28 days last summer. Ryan Smith, Chicago Reader, "Film / Music / Politics Boots Riley on the ‘regular’ revolutionary messages of his radical debut film," 6 July 2018 The 27-year-old surfer, who was starting her second summer as a city lifeguard, was killed in a solo car crash on state Route 52 over the weekend. Teri Figueroa,, "Friends, family mourn lifeguard and surfer killed in crash," 5 July 2018 Tessa Thompson and Lakeith Stanfield star in Boots Riley’s directorial debut, set in an alternate present-day version of Oakland, where it was filmed over 28 days last summer. Boots Riley, HWD, "Sorry to Bother You Director Boots Riley Takes a Ride Through Oakland’s Changing Landscape," 2 July 2018 For air travel tips, check out our summer flying guide to beat the crowd, save on tickets and secure the best seats. Editors, USA TODAY, "Capital Gazette shooting, ESPN Body Issue, Toys R Us: 5 things to know Friday," 29 June 2018 There was no set first menu at the truck their first summer of operation, just a big variety of high-end toppings. Peter Kispert, GQ, "How Big Gay Ice Cream Infiltrated Middle America's Freezers," 25 June 2018 This is my first summer being able to swim, to wash my hair, to just be free. Jessica Chia, Allure, "Three Women Open Up About Embracing Their Natural Hair & Leaving Relaxers Behind," 20 June 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Orlando will play its summer league opener Friday afternoon against the Brooklyn Nets at Cox Pavilion. Josh Robbins,, "Magic converge on Las Vegas for 1st time in 13 years," 2 July 2018 To be able to play NBA summer league, to get playing time, to get opportunities on the offensive end, to get a comfort level playing against stronger, elite athletes at this level? J. Michael, Indianapolis Star, "Jaren Jackson Jr. sits in middle of Grizzlies' efforts to rebuild grit-and-grind identity," 11 July 2018 CLEVELAND, Ohio – Summer’s coming to an end, but the fun doesn’t have to., "10 new travel ideas for late summer, close to Cleveland (photos)," 25 Aug. 2017 Summer exhibition of Italian artists features work from painter Malacarne's Water series and glassworks from Vidal. Luann Gibbs,, "Free and fun events this weekend: Aug. 18-20," 16 Aug. 2017 Summer league play has been good for the Dallas Mavericks. David Humphrey, star-telegram, "Mavericks add rookie free agent guard P.J. Dozier," 8 Aug. 2017 Summer seersucker suits from the Alan Flusser brand come from Stein Mart. Cristina Bolling, charlotteobserver, "5 style lessons from a former CLT homicide cop now on TV – who’s also a fashionista," 3 Aug. 2017 Summer’s heat and humidity make a face full of makeup feel oppressive. Crystal Martin, New York Times, "How to Go Makeup-Free This Summer," 1 Aug. 2017 Summer rains can cause container plants to decline; check for proper drainage. Tom Maccubbin,, "August in the garden," 29 July 2017

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Summer is here, and with it all sorts of outdoor activities to do and bodies of water to seek out and relax around (wear sunscreen!), but there's only so much summering a person can do, really. Vogue, "Here's What to Watch on Netflix in July," 26 June 2018 Rihanna announced yesterday that the palette is part of the new Beach Please summer collection from Fenty Beauty. Sarah Spellings, The Cut, "Rihanna Teases New Summery Fenty Beauty Collection," 15 May 2018 The spring to summer small white flowers of orange, lemon, and other citrus trees are richly scented. The Editors Of Organic Life, Good Housekeeping, "The 60 Most Fragrant Flowers Across The World," 11 May 2017 In 1999, Bob and Jan moved to Sun City Center, FL to avoid the harsh New England winters but kept close contact with their New England friends and family by summering in Otis, MA., "Robert Dixon Shangraw," 15 June 2018 The family summered in Lebanon, and Patricia, a tomboy, learned to hunt and fish all over Iraq. Marcia Desanctis, Town & Country, "The Strange Saga of Trump Winery," 14 Oct. 2016 Houseplants summering outdoors in the shade also make a handsome addition to container gardening. The Editors Of Organic Life, Good Housekeeping, "Everything You Need To Know About Container Gardening," 1 June 2017 Alternate idea for these employers: send everybody to summer camp? Michelle Ruiz, Vogue, "Having An Attractive Woman Rub Your Shoulders While You Work Is Now a Job Perk at Some Chinese Startups," 25 Apr. 2018 Upon retirement Betty and Watson wintered in Jensen Beach Fl and summered in Old Lyme CT. Hartford Courant,, "Elizabeth Dee," 1 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'summer.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of summer


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


15th century, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense

History and Etymology for summer


Middle English sumer, from Old English sumor; akin to Old High German & Old Norse sumer summer, Sanskrit samā year, season

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Statistics for summer

Last Updated

7 Oct 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for summer

The first known use of summer was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for summer



English Language Learners Definition of summer

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the warmest season of the year that is after spring and before autumn



English Language Learners Definition of summer (Entry 2 of 2)

: to spend the summer in a particular place


sum·mer | \ˈsə-mər \

Kids Definition of summer

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the season between spring and autumn which is in the northern hemisphere usually the months of June, July, and August

2 : one of the years of a person's lifetime a youth of sixteen summers


summered; summering

Kids Definition of summer (Entry 2 of 2)

: to pass the summer We summered at the shore.

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Comments on summer

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lying above or upon

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