sum·mer | \ ˈsə-mər \

Definition of summer 

(Entry 1 of 3)

1 : the season between spring and autumn comprising in the northern hemisphere usually the months of June, July, and August or as reckoned astronomically extending from the June solstice to the September equinox

2 : the warmer half of the year

3 : year a girl of seventeen summers

4 : a period of maturing powers



Definition of summer (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : of, relating to, or suitable for summer summer vacation a summer home

2 : sown in the spring and harvested in the same year as sown summer wheat — compare winter


summered; summering\ˈsə-mə-riŋ, ˈsəm-riŋ \

Definition of summer (Entry 3 of 3)

intransitive verb

: to pass the summer

transitive verb

: to keep or carry through the summer especially : to provide (cattle, sheep, etc.) with pasture during the summer

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Other words from summer


summerlike \ˈsə-mər-ˌlīk \ adjective

Examples of summer in a Sentence


What are your plans for this summer? We visited them two summers ago. the first day of summer
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

In the world of TV in which Trump claims to be such a winner, a year-to-year drop of 21 percent is a cause for worry summer, spring, winter or fall. David Zurawik,, "Trump's TV messaging machine not looking quite so mighty these days," 12 July 2018 Playing for the New York Knicks, Knox ranks third in the Las Vegas summer league in scoring (23.3 points per game) through three games. Jon Hale, The Courier-Journal, "Kentucky's Kevin Knox is dominating in the NBA Las Vegas summer league," 11 July 2018 Last summer, the producers of MTV’s wildly popular Jersey Shore rounded up eight strangers and convinced them to shack up for the summer at Florida’s Panama City Beach. Aurelie Corinthios,, "Floribama Shore Is Back with More Brawls, More Booze and a Surprise Rekindled Romance," 9 July 2018 Trinity Walker was all smiles before Zion-Benton’s first summer league game on June 18. Bob Narang, Lake County News-Sun, "Helping hands: Transfers have Trinity Walker and Zion-Benton feeling upbeat," 8 July 2018 For hundreds of years, lobstermen in the United States have sailed the chilly waters off New England during the summer, lowering and raising traps along the ocean floor. Matthew Haag, New York Times, "Border Patrol Stops Canadian Fishermen in Disputed Waters Off Maine," 6 July 2018 Marimekko Colorful clothing and homegoods from Marimekko’s spring/summer collection are 40 percent off until Wednesday, July 4. Halie Lesavage, Glamour, "All the 4th of July Sales Worth Shopping This Year," 3 July 2018 High Roller Fun Rentals' other locations are open daily throughout the summer, from 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. at Frame Park and from noon to 6 p.m. at Fox Brook Park. Henry J. Morgan, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "It's summer; why not take a paddleboard for a spin? They're now available for rent at Menomonee Park, along with bikes and boats," 3 July 2018 The event was originally set for June 21 — the actual summer solstice — but thunderstorms postponed it. Janelle Walker, Elgin Courier-News, "Postponed Summer Solstice 5K in Elgin draws more participants, raises about $50,000, organizers say," 26 June 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Orlando will play its summer league opener Friday afternoon against the Brooklyn Nets at Cox Pavilion. Josh Robbins,, "Magic converge on Las Vegas for 1st time in 13 years," 2 July 2018 To be able to play NBA summer league, to get playing time, to get opportunities on the offensive end, to get a comfort level playing against stronger, elite athletes at this level? J. Michael, Indianapolis Star, "Jaren Jackson Jr. sits in middle of Grizzlies' efforts to rebuild grit-and-grind identity," 11 July 2018 CLEVELAND, Ohio – Summer’s coming to an end, but the fun doesn’t have to., "10 new travel ideas for late summer, close to Cleveland (photos)," 25 Aug. 2017 Summer exhibition of Italian artists features work from painter Malacarne's Water series and glassworks from Vidal. Luann Gibbs,, "Free and fun events this weekend: Aug. 18-20," 16 Aug. 2017 Summer league play has been good for the Dallas Mavericks. David Humphrey, star-telegram, "Mavericks add rookie free agent guard P.J. Dozier," 8 Aug. 2017 Summer seersucker suits from the Alan Flusser brand come from Stein Mart. Cristina Bolling, charlotteobserver, "5 style lessons from a former CLT homicide cop now on TV – who’s also a fashionista," 3 Aug. 2017 Summer’s heat and humidity make a face full of makeup feel oppressive. Crystal Martin, New York Times, "How to Go Makeup-Free This Summer," 1 Aug. 2017 Summer rains can cause container plants to decline; check for proper drainage. Tom Maccubbin,, "August in the garden," 29 July 2017

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Rihanna announced yesterday that the palette is part of the new Beach Please summer collection from Fenty Beauty. Sarah Spellings, The Cut, "Rihanna Teases New Summery Fenty Beauty Collection," 15 May 2018 The spring to summer small white flowers of orange, lemon, and other citrus trees are richly scented. The Editors Of Organic Life, Good Housekeeping, "The 60 Most Fragrant Flowers Across The World," 11 May 2017 In 1999, Bob and Jan moved to Sun City Center, FL to avoid the harsh New England winters but kept close contact with their New England friends and family by summering in Otis, MA., "Robert Dixon Shangraw," 15 June 2018 The family summered in Lebanon, and Patricia, a tomboy, learned to hunt and fish all over Iraq. Marcia Desanctis, Town & Country, "The Strange Saga of Trump Winery," 14 Oct. 2016 Houseplants summering outdoors in the shade also make a handsome addition to container gardening. The Editors Of Organic Life, Good Housekeeping, "Everything You Need To Know About Container Gardening," 1 June 2017 Alternate idea for these employers: send everybody to summer camp? Michelle Ruiz, Vogue, "Having An Attractive Woman Rub Your Shoulders While You Work Is Now a Job Perk at Some Chinese Startups," 25 Apr. 2018 Upon retirement Betty and Watson wintered in Jensen Beach Fl and summered in Old Lyme CT. Hartford Courant,, "Elizabeth Dee," 1 Apr. 2018 Born in Dublin, raised in New York and active throughout Europe, Saint-Gaudens summered in New Hampshire, then spent his final years there, at his home and studio in Cornish. Anita Gates, New York Times, "From 12th Century B.C. to 2017, Art in Startling Variety," 7 Mar. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'summer.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of summer


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


15th century, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense

History and Etymology for summer


Middle English sumer, from Old English sumor; akin to Old High German & Old Norse sumer summer, Sanskrit samā year, season

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Statistics for summer

Last Updated

9 Sep 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for summer

The first known use of summer was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for summer



English Language Learners Definition of summer

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the warmest season of the year that is after spring and before autumn



English Language Learners Definition of summer (Entry 2 of 2)

: to spend the summer in a particular place


sum·mer | \ ˈsə-mər \

Kids Definition of summer

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the season between spring and autumn which is in the northern hemisphere usually the months of June, July, and August

2 : one of the years of a person's lifetime a youth of sixteen summers


summered; summering

Kids Definition of summer (Entry 2 of 2)

: to pass the summer We summered at the shore.

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Comments on summer

What made you want to look up summer? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


the setting in which something occurs

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