sufficient

adjective
suf·​fi·​cient | \ sə-ˈfi-shənt How to pronounce sufficient (audio) \

Definition of sufficient

1a : enough to meet the needs of a situation or a proposed end sufficient provisions for a month
2 archaic : qualified, competent

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Other Words from sufficient

sufficiently adverb

Choose the Right Synonym for sufficient

sufficient, enough, adequate, competent mean being what is necessary or desirable. sufficient suggests a close meeting of a need. sufficient savings enough is less exact in suggestion than sufficient. do you have enough food? adequate may imply barely meeting a requirement. the service was adequate competent suggests measuring up to all requirements without question or being adequately adapted to an end. had no competent notion of what was going on

Examples of sufficient in a Sentence

Considering that John Adams was notoriously insecure about his own place in history, he surely would have enjoyed his current renown. He and Abigail get pride of place in the family crypt, down a winding staircase in the church basement. On her plaque in the crypt, she is described as a "model of domestic worth," as though she were a particularly charming chifforobe, and not a woman who survived a troubled marriage with sufficient courage that both houses of Congress adjourned upon hearing of her death. — Charles P. Pierce, Boston Globe Magazine, 26 July 2009 Because canines are, for the most part, unable to naturally manufacture sufficient vitamins to meet their daily requirements, a dog's routinely consumed meals, with some exceptions, must be augmented with them during the manufacturing process. — Tom Ewing, Dog Watch, February 2009 And since this policy is usually accompanied by a pledge to provide sufficient scholarship funds to admitted applicants who cannot afford the full cost (around $45,000 in the Ivy League today), it is an expensive policy. — Andrew Delbanco, New York Review of Books, 29 Mar. 2007 The result was a magnificent example of evidence overkill—the first set of prints alone was sufficient to match the gangbanger to a set in the national Automated Fingerprint Identification System database. — Jessica Snyder Sachs, Popular Science, March 2004 A brisk walk is sufficient to raise your heart rate. There must be sufficient funds in your bank account to cover the check. Her explanation was not sufficient to satisfy the police.
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Recent Examples on the Web In the third reason, all justices upheld a lower-court ruling that the governor’s public health vetoes were not sufficient grounds for a recall. James Brooks, Anchorage Daily News, "Gov. Dunleavy recall effort can proceed, Alaska Supreme Court rules," 8 May 2020 To most people, or to newcomers, a 10mg product is sufficient to be equivalent to having several alcoholic drinks or something like that. Jenni Avins, Quartz, "Cannabis companies are seeing a quarantine-fueled edibles boom," 6 May 2020 In an update on their website, KWR researchers said that in the case of sewage, one test is sufficient to determine whether an entire population is infected with the coronavirus. Sahana Ghosh, Quartz India, "Can human poop help track the spread of coronavirus in Indian localities?," 15 Apr. 2020 Yet simply not interfering with individuals is not sufficient. TheWeek, "Sometimes the most powerful act of resistance is to do nothing," 12 Apr. 2020 In a recent open letter to HHS Secretary Alex Azar that reviews the science, Srikumaran writes that a needle is necessary but not sufficient by itself to cause shoulder injury: The vaccine material itself is needed to trip inflammation. Meredith Wadman, Science | AAAS, "United States wants to end most payouts for leading vaccination-related injury," 2 Apr. 2020 For example, commercial airplanes always have two or more engines and have a co-pilot, even though one pilot and one engine is sufficient to fly the plane safely. Zeynep Tufekci, The Atlantic, "A Failure of Systemic Thinking," 24 Mar. 2020 That day, de Blasio announced plans to release forty people from the jail system in light of the COVID-19 outbreak, a number that Bedard and advocates say is not sufficient. Jennifer Gonnerman, The New Yorker, "A Rikers Island Doctor Speaks Out to Save Her Elderly Patients from the Coronavirus," 20 Mar. 2020 But Justice Sonia Sotomayor said in her opinion for the court that the congressional action was not sufficient to repeal the government’s commitment to pay. BostonGlobe.com, "Court rules insurance companies can collect Obamacare losses from US," 27 Apr. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'sufficient.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of sufficient

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for sufficient

Middle English sufficiant, sufficient, borrowed from Anglo-French & Latin; Anglo-French suffisant, sufficient, in part from present participle of suffire "to suffice," in part borrowed from Latin sufficient-, sufficiens, from present participle of sufficere "to have enough strength or capacity, be adequate" — more at suffice

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Time Traveler for sufficient

Time Traveler

The first known use of sufficient was in the 14th century

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Last Updated

15 May 2020

Cite this Entry

“Sufficient.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/sufficient. Accessed 28 May. 2020.

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More Definitions for sufficient

sufficient

adjective
How to pronounce sufficient (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of sufficient

somewhat formal : having or providing as much as is needed

sufficient

adjective
suf·​fi·​cient | \ sə-ˈfi-shənt How to pronounce sufficient (audio) \

Kids Definition of sufficient

: enough to achieve a goal or fill a need sufficient evidence

Other Words from sufficient

sufficiently adverb

sufficient

adjective
suf·​fi·​cient

Legal Definition of sufficient

: enough to meet the needs under the law of a situation or a proposed end

Other Words from sufficient

sufficiently adverb

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Comments on sufficient

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