sudden

adjective
sud·​den | \ ˈsə-dᵊn How to pronounce sudden (audio) \

Definition of sudden

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : happening or coming unexpectedly a sudden shower
b : changing angle or character all at once a sudden drop in the ocean bottom
2 : marked by or manifesting abruptness or haste a sudden departure
3 : made or brought about in a short time : prompt

sudden

noun

Definition of sudden (Entry 2 of 2)

obsolete
: an unexpected occurrence : emergency
all of a sudden or less commonly on a sudden
: sooner than was expected : at once

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Other Words from sudden

Adjective

suddenly adverb
suddenness \ ˈsə-​dᵊn-​(n)əs How to pronounce sudden (audio) \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for sudden

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Adjective

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Choose the Right Synonym for sudden

Adjective

precipitate, headlong, abrupt, impetuous, sudden mean showing undue haste or unexpectedness. precipitate stresses lack of due deliberation and implies prematureness of action. the army's precipitate withdrawal headlong stresses rashness and lack of forethought. a headlong flight from arrest abrupt stresses curtness and a lack of warning or ceremony. an abrupt refusal impetuous stresses extreme impatience or impulsiveness. an impetuous lover proposing marriage sudden stresses unexpectedness and sharpness or violence of action. flew into a sudden rage

Examples of sudden in a Sentence

Adjective a sudden change in temperature Sudden fame can be difficult to deal with. She had a sudden urge to be outside. His death was very sudden. a sudden turn in the road I was surprised by her sudden decision to quit. The director's sudden departure leaves the organization's future uncertain.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective The country, on May 1, opened up Covid-19 vaccination to everyone over the age of 18, creating a sudden surge in demand that is yet to be fulfilled. Manavi Kapur, Quartz, "Indian states offer lessons in how to squeeze out more vaccine shots out of each vial," 6 May 2021 But richer countries, including Britain, Switzerland, EU nations and the US, blocked it, arguing that suspending the IP would not result in a sudden surge of vaccine supply. Aditi Sangal, CNN, "India's Covid-19 crisis is a problem for the world," 29 Apr. 2021 More than a year into the coronavirus pandemic, some of the worst fears are coming true in the crowded Gaza Strip: A sudden surge in infections and deaths is threatening to overwhelm hospitals weakened by years of conflict and border closures. Elinor Aspegren, USA TODAY, "US to share its stock of AstraZeneca vaccines; bills that would ban vaccine passports circulate state legislatures: Live COVID-19 updates," 27 Apr. 2021 The result was an unexpected sudden surge in power due to excess steam building up in one of the reactors. Jennifer Nalewicki, Smithsonian Magazine, "Thirty-Five Years Later, a First Responder at the Chernobyl Disaster Looks Back," 27 Apr. 2021 The decision to play on coincides with a sudden surge in COVID infections that has inundated Indian hospitals, leaving them short of oxygen, medicine, and other supplies. Biman Mukherji, Fortune, "India’s premier cricket league is playing through its COVID crisis—but players worry about the repercussions," 26 Apr. 2021 The sudden surge in recent weeks, with an insidious newer variant possibly playing a role, is casting increasing doubt on India’s official COVID-19 death toll of nearly 200,000, with more than 2,000 people dying every day. BostonGlobe.com, "As COVID-19 devastates India, deaths go undercounted," 24 Apr. 2021 India’s sudden exponential surge, driven in part by highly transmissible variants of the coronavirus, has caught the country entirely off guard. Washington Post, "India’s military helps speed medical supplies as pandemic surge sets infection record," 24 Apr. 2021 The sudden surge in recent weeks, with an insidious newer variant possibly playing a role, is casting increasing doubt on India’s official Covid-19 death toll of nearly 200,000, with more than 2,000 people dying every day. New York Times, "As Covid-19 Devastates India, Deaths Go Undercounted," 24 Apr. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'sudden.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of sudden

Adjective

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1558, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for sudden

Adjective

Middle English sodain, from Anglo-French sudain, from Latin subitaneus, from subitus sudden, from past participle of subire to come up, from sub- up + ire to go — more at sub-, issue entry 1

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Time Traveler for sudden

Time Traveler

The first known use of sudden was in the 14th century

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Statistics for sudden

Last Updated

11 May 2021

Cite this Entry

“Sudden.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/sudden. Accessed 15 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for sudden

sudden

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of sudden

: happening, coming, or done very quickly in a way that is usually not expected

sudden

adjective
sud·​den | \ ˈsə-dᵊn How to pronounce sudden (audio) \

Kids Definition of sudden

1 : happening or coming quickly and unexpectedly … she was startled by a sudden outburst of noise.— Robert C. O'Brien, Rats of NIMH
2 : met with unexpectedly We came to a sudden turn in the road.
3 : hasty sense 2 He made a sudden decision.
all of a sudden
: sooner than was expected : suddenly All of a sudden I saw him.

Other Words from sudden

suddenly adverb
suddenness noun

Comments on sudden

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