sudden

adjective
sud·​den | \ ˈsə-dᵊn How to pronounce sudden (audio) \

Definition of sudden

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : happening or coming unexpectedly a sudden shower
b : changing angle or character all at once a sudden drop in the ocean bottom
2 : marked by or manifesting abruptness or haste a sudden departure
3 : made or brought about in a short time : prompt

sudden

noun

Definition of sudden (Entry 2 of 2)

obsolete
: an unexpected occurrence : emergency
all of a sudden or less commonly on a sudden
: sooner than was expected : at once

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Other Words from sudden

Adjective

suddenly adverb
suddenness \ ˈsə-​dᵊn-​(n)əs How to pronounce suddenness (audio) \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for sudden

Synonyms: Adjective

abrupt, unanticipated, unexpected, unforeseen, unlooked-for

Antonyms: Adjective

anticipated, expected, foreseen

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Choose the Right Synonym for sudden

Adjective

precipitate, headlong, abrupt, impetuous, sudden mean showing undue haste or unexpectedness. precipitate stresses lack of due deliberation and implies prematureness of action. the army's precipitate withdrawal headlong stresses rashness and lack of forethought. a headlong flight from arrest abrupt stresses curtness and a lack of warning or ceremony. an abrupt refusal impetuous stresses extreme impatience or impulsiveness. an impetuous lover proposing marriage sudden stresses unexpectedness and sharpness or violence of action. flew into a sudden rage

Examples of sudden in a Sentence

Adjective

a sudden change in temperature Sudden fame can be difficult to deal with. She had a sudden urge to be outside. His death was very sudden. a sudden turn in the road I was surprised by her sudden decision to quit. The director's sudden departure leaves the organization's future uncertain.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

The Border Committee Democrats are behaving, all of a sudden, irrationally. Jonathan Lemire, The Seattle Times, "As clock ticks, new hurdle emerges in border security talks," 10 Feb. 2019 Hunter Bott of Montgomery defeated Chris Berzina of Fort Worth in a sudden-death playoff to win the Insperity Invitational/Patrick Reed AJGA Junior Championship. Richard Dean, Houston Chronicle, "Hunter Bott wins playoff to claim Patrick Reed AJGA Junior Championship," 21 June 2018 NetAnalytics didn’t explain the sudden growth in market share, though that’s possibly attributable to the traditional spurt in PC sales over the holidays. Mark Hachman, PCWorld, "Microsoft's Windows 10 finally tops Windows 7 in user share," 2 Jan. 2019 After Pfizer deferred hefty price hikes under pressure from President Trump, a lawmaker is asking the company and the administration to explain the details of any agreements that may have been reached as part of the sudden about-face. Ed Silverman, STAT, "Lawmaker wants to know if Trump and Pfizer cut any secret deals," 11 July 2018 As the news of Phelps’ sudden passing spread on Facebook, tributes from grieving Trinity parents, alumni, teachers and staff began appearing on the school’s Facebook page. Lisa Peklo, Howard County Times, "Trinity School remembers Sister Catherine Phelps," 6 July 2018 Runniness that is sudden and short-lived can be due to other elements in the environment. Amy Marturana, SELF, "What Your Snot Can Tell You About Your Health," 26 Dec. 2018 In 2009 and 2010, during the equinox, Cassini observed a sudden and short-lived brightening on Titan. Chris Lee, Ars Technica, "The deserts of Titan have organic dust storms," 4 Oct. 2018 The Bad Kind of Bloom Red tides are algae blooms, a sudden and rapid accumulation of algae in a water system. David Grossman, Popular Mechanics, "What Are Red Tides and Why Are They Getting Worse?," 14 Aug. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'sudden.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of sudden

Adjective

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1558, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for sudden

Adjective

Middle English sodain, from Anglo-French sudain, from Latin subitaneus, from subitus sudden, from past participle of subire to come up, from sub- up + ire to go — more at sub-, issue entry 1

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Statistics for sudden

Last Updated

18 Feb 2019

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Time Traveler for sudden

The first known use of sudden was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for sudden

sudden

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of sudden

: happening, coming, or done very quickly in a way that is usually not expected

sudden

adjective
sud·​den | \ ˈsə-dᵊn How to pronounce sudden (audio) \

Kids Definition of sudden

1 : happening or coming quickly and unexpectedly … she was startled by a sudden outburst of noise.— Robert C. O'Brien, Rats of NIMH
2 : met with unexpectedly We came to a sudden turn in the road.
3 : hasty sense 2 He made a sudden decision.
all of a sudden
: sooner than was expected : suddenly All of a sudden I saw him.

Other Words from sudden

suddenly adverb
suddenness noun

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More from Merriam-Webster on sudden

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for sudden

Spanish Central: Translation of sudden

Nglish: Translation of sudden for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of sudden for Arabic Speakers

Comments on sudden

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