sub·​tract | \ səb-ˈtrakt How to pronounce subtract (audio) \
subtracted; subtracting; subtracts

Definition of subtract

transitive verb

: to take away by or as if by deducting subtract 5 from 9 subtract funds from the project

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Other Words from subtract

subtracter noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for subtract



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Examples of subtract in a Sentence

if you subtract 10 from 23, you get 13 you can subtract the time you spent daydreaming from your total homework time
Recent Examples on the Web Take the height of the frame, divide it by two, subtract the distance from the top of the frame to the hardware, then add 60. Brigitt Earley, Good Housekeeping, "How to Hang a Picture Like a Pro," 2 Sep. 2020 To calculate your maximum heart rate, subtract your age from 220. Dana Santas, CNN, "Safely ramp up exercise intensity: How to reboot your workout routine," 24 Aug. 2020 In determining the correct loan amount, businesses were supposed to start with their total payroll for calendar year 2019 and subtract any salary that exceeds $100,000. Bethany Rodgers, The Salt Lake Tribune, "Some Utah companies getting PPP loans reported having zero employees," 8 Aug. 2020 Both campaigns can add to or subtract from their reservations at any time. Alexandra Jaffe, Star Tribune, "Biden campaign announces $280 million ad buy through fall," 5 Aug. 2020 There's a hitch: Every person who files taxes qualifies for a standard deduction—a dollar amount that everyone gets to subtract from their income before income tax. Megan Ditrolio, Marie Claire, "What Are Tax Deductible Donations, and How Do They Work?," 12 June 2020 The Ivy League has already pulled out of fall sports, so subtract one from each. Jon Blau And Jeremy Price, The Indianapolis Star, "Big questions remain for Big Ten fall sports and the athletes who play them," 12 July 2020 In other words, covering one's face reduces the need for broad lockdowns that would otherwise subtract that 5% from GDP that Goldman Sachs identified. Megan Cerullo, CBS News, "Everyone wearing face masks could save America from a $1 trillion GDP loss," 9 July 2020 In a new report, Goldman Sachs says a national face mask mandate could substitute for lockdowns that otherwise would subtract nearly 5% from U.S. gross domestic product. Paul Davidson, USA TODAY, "Will infections spike, state reopening rollbacks hurt recovery or spur a new recession?," 1 July 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'subtract.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of subtract

1557, in the meaning defined at transitive sense

History and Etymology for subtract

Latin subtractus, past participle of subtrahere to draw from beneath, withdraw, from sub- + trahere to draw

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Time Traveler for subtract

Time Traveler

The first known use of subtract was in 1557

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Statistics for subtract

Last Updated

14 Sep 2020

Cite this Entry

“Subtract.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 24 Sep. 2020.

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More Definitions for subtract


How to pronounce subtract (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of subtract

: to take (a number or amount) from another number or amount


sub·​tract | \ səb-ˈtrakt How to pronounce subtract (audio) \
subtracted; subtracting

Kids Definition of subtract

: to take away (as one part or number from another) : deduct

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