subtract

verb
sub·​tract | \ səb-ˈtrakt How to pronounce subtract (audio) \
subtracted; subtracting; subtracts

Definition of subtract

transitive verb

: to take away by or as if by deducting subtract 5 from 9 subtract funds from the project

Keep scrolling for more

Other Words from subtract

subtracter noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for subtract

Synonyms

Antonyms

Visit the Thesaurus for More 

Examples of subtract in a Sentence

if you subtract 10 from 23, you get 13 you can subtract the time you spent daydreaming from your total homework time
Recent Examples on the Web To calculate the growth each year, communities subtract the total assessed value in 1971 from their current assessed values. Peter Krouse, cleveland.com, "Tax sharing in Minnesota means sharing tax base: Cleveland 2030, A Way Forward," 16 Sep. 2019 But in measuring income, the SPM subtracts from income the spending that is deemed mandatory: out-of-pocket medical expenses; work expenses; child support; and federal payroll and income taxes. Robert Samuelson, Twin Cities, "Robert Samuelson: Will the real poverty rate please stand up?," 12 Sep. 2019 The Cubs learned that the hard way 10 years ago, subtracting amiable infielder Mark DeRosa from the defending division champions after the 2008 season and adding perennial malcontent Milton Bradley. Paul Sullivan, chicagotribune.com, "Column: The Cubs’ chemistry experiment isn’t over. In fact, it’s really just beginning.," 12 Aug. 2019 The defense also subtracted expenses of roughly $11 million that Capitol Records spent promoting and creating the song. Washington Post, "Jury weighs what Katy Perry owes for hit they say she stole," 1 Aug. 2019 As result, trade subtracted 0.65 percentage point from GDP growth last quarter after contributing 0.73 percentage point in the January-March period. NBC News, "Economic growth slows less than expected in second quarter," 26 July 2019 In this case, each of these GANs can look at a photo of a pizza and generate a new image of the pizza that either adds an ingredient that wasn't on it previously or subtracts one that was already on the pie. Rachel Metz, CNN, "AI can learn how a pizza is assembled. Here's why that matters," 30 June 2019 And the contractor network is nimbler, allowing Amazon to add or subtract drivers quickly. Patricia Callahan, New York Times, "The Human Cost of Amazon’s Fast, Free Shipping," 5 Sep. 2019 And the contractor network is nimbler, allowing Amazon to add or subtract drivers quickly. Patricia Callahan, ProPublica, "How Amazon Hooked America on Fast Delivery While Avoiding Responsibility for Crashes," 5 Sep. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'subtract.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of subtract

1557, in the meaning defined at transitive sense

History and Etymology for subtract

Latin subtractus, past participle of subtrahere to draw from beneath, withdraw, from sub- + trahere to draw

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about subtract

Statistics for subtract

Last Updated

4 Nov 2019

Time Traveler for subtract

The first known use of subtract was in 1557

See more words from the same year

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for subtract

subtract

verb
How to pronounce subtract (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of subtract

: to take (a number or amount) from another number or amount

subtract

verb
sub·​tract | \ səb-ˈtrakt How to pronounce subtract (audio) \
subtracted; subtracting

Kids Definition of subtract

: to take away (as one part or number from another) : deduct

Keep scrolling for more

Comments on subtract

What made you want to look up subtract? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

an agreement to stop fighting a war

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Confusing Words—A Quiz

  • alice with tweedle dee and tweedle dum
  • I invented a brand new toaster robot and ______ it "Sir Toasts-a-Lot."
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

TAKE THE QUIZ
Bee Cubed

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!