subtract

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verb sub·tract \səb-ˈtrakt\

Definition of subtract

  1. transitive verb
  2. :  to take away by or as if by deducting subtract 5 from 9 subtract funds from the project

  3. intransitive verb
  4. :  to perform a subtraction

subtracter

noun

Examples of subtract in a sentence

  1. if you subtract 10 from 23, you get 13

  2. you can subtract the time you spent daydreaming from your total homework time

Origin and Etymology of subtract

Latin subtractus, past participle of subtrahere to draw from beneath, withdraw, from sub- + trahere to draw


First Known Use: 1557


SUBTRACT Defined for English Language Learners

subtract

play
verb sub·tract \səb-ˈtrakt\

Definition of subtract for English Language Learners

  • : to take (a number or amount) from another number or amount


SUBTRACT Defined for Kids

subtract

play
verb sub·tract \səb-ˈtrakt\

Definition of subtract for Students

subtracted

;

subtracting

  1. :  to take away (as one part or number from another) :  deduct

Word Root of subtract

The Latin word tractus, meaning “pulled” or “dragged,” gives us the root tract. Words from the Latin tractus have to do with being pulled or dragged. To attract is to pull or draw towards you. To distract is to pull someone's attention away from something. To extract is to pull one thing out of another. To subtract is to pull a portion or number away from a group or from a whole.



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