substantial

adjective

sub·​stan·​tial səb-ˈstan(t)-shəl How to pronounce substantial (audio)
1
a
: consisting of or relating to substance
b
: not imaginary or illusory : real, true
2
: ample to satisfy and nourish : full
a substantial meal
3
a
: possessed of means : well-to-do
b
: considerable in quantity : significantly great
earned a substantial wage
4
: firmly constructed : sturdy
a substantial house
5
: being largely but not wholly that which is specified
a substantial lie
substantial noun
substantiality noun
substantially adverb
substantialness noun

Example Sentences

A substantial number of people commute to work each day. Activities like that pose a substantial risk of injury. She purchased her tickets at a substantial discount. Only the buildings that were constructed of more substantial materials survived the earthquake. I was hoping that they would serve us something more substantial than wine and cheese.
Recent Examples on the Web Her goal and hope, Coen says, is to expand the pilot into all of the district’s 32 elementary schools, but the price tag is substantial. oregonlive, 23 Nov. 2022 The growth in grocery prices was even more substantial, at 12.4%. Amanda Yeager, Baltimore Sun, 21 Nov. 2022 The impact on PBMs’ profits could be substantial, but the odds of such complicated legislation being enacted aren’t. David Wainer, WSJ, 21 Nov. 2022 But the reward could be substantial for team wanting to add his power and five-tool impact to their roster. Bernie Pleskoff, Forbes, 10 Nov. 2022 The progress Irving made from the first day at practice to the last game of the season on the sport’s biggest stage was substantial. Kat Cornetta, BostonGlobe.com, 9 Nov. 2022 The differences in the weather between the official station and your backyard can be pretty substantial. Ed Oswald, Popular Mechanics, 8 Nov. 2022 The risks for people who invest in Wood’s new venture fund—never mind the other holdings in the portfolio—however, are substantial given the price Musk paid for the money-losing social media company. Bychristiaan Hetzner, Fortune, 4 Nov. 2022 While definitely getting closer to 100 million, the Q3 subscriber growth wasn’t substantial, increasing only 2.8 million worldwide accounts across WBD services over the second quarter. Jennifer Maas, Variety, 3 Nov. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'substantial.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

First Known Use

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

Time Traveler
The first known use of substantial was in the 14th century

Dictionary Entries Near substantial

Cite this Entry

“Substantial.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/substantial. Accessed 9 Dec. 2022.

Kids Definition

substantial

adjective
sub·​stan·​tial səb-ˈstan-chəl How to pronounce substantial (audio)
1
a
: consisting of or relating to substance : material
b
: not imaginary : real
the substantial world
c
: important sense 1, essential
substantial differences
2
: enough to satisfy and nourish
a substantial meal
3
a
: prosperous sense 1
a substantial farmer
b
: considerable in quantity : significantly large
a substantial increase
4
: firmly constructed
a substantial building
substantiality noun
substantially adverb

Legal Definition

substantial

adjective
sub·​stan·​tial səb-ˈstan-chəl How to pronounce substantial (audio)
1
a
: of or relating to substance
b
: not illusory : having merit
failed to raise a substantial constitutional claim
c
: having importance or significance : material
a substantial step had not been taken toward commission of the crime W. R. LaFave and A. W. Scott, Jr.
2
: considerable in quantity : significantly great
identification of serious and substantial failure to perform U.S. Code
compare de minimis
substantiality noun
substantially adverb

More from Merriam-Webster on substantial

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