substantial

adjective

sub·​stan·​tial səb-ˈstan(t)-shəl How to pronounce substantial (audio)
1
a
: consisting of or relating to substance
b
: not imaginary or illusory : real, true
2
: ample to satisfy and nourish : full
a substantial meal
3
a
: possessed of means : well-to-do
b
: considerable in quantity : significantly great
earned a substantial wage
4
: firmly constructed : sturdy
a substantial house
5
: being largely but not wholly that which is specified
a substantial lie
substantial noun
substantiality noun
substantially adverb
substantialness noun

Examples of substantial in a Sentence

A substantial number of people commute to work each day. Activities like that pose a substantial risk of injury. She purchased her tickets at a substantial discount. Only the buildings that were constructed of more substantial materials survived the earthquake. I was hoping that they would serve us something more substantial than wine and cheese.
Recent Examples on the Web Many are attracted to the world of entrepreneurship, which is made more appealing by the potential for substantial profits. Melissa Houston, Forbes, 17 Feb. 2024 She’s done substantial voice work as well, notably for Pixar’s Turning Red (2022) as well as Netflix’s She-Ra and the Princesses of Power (2018–2020) and the Amazon Prime cartoon Invincible (2021–present). Chris Snellgrove, EW.com, 17 Feb. 2024 The grieving family of late Kansas City radio DJ Lisa Lopez-Galvan secured substantial support from the Chiefs’ most popular fan: Taylor Swift. Alexandra Del Rosario, Los Angeles Times, 16 Feb. 2024 Northern Haryana and a few other states with substantial farmer populations are ruled by his Bharatiya Janata Party. Krutika Pathi, The Christian Science Monitor, 16 Feb. 2024 Small art films drama can, however, have a large problem breaking out to any kind of substantial sales in international, say Spanish sales agents. John Hopewell, Variety, 16 Feb. 2024 This setback highlights the immense challenges faced by hyperloop projects, even with substantial backing and ambitious goals. Kurt Knutsson, Cyberguy Report, Fox News, 15 Feb. 2024 Conditional approval allows for commercialization of the product while Jaguar continues to collect the substantial evidence of effectiveness required for full approval. Kansas City Star, 15 Feb. 2024 Appearances Simply put, there is a substantial difference in the way Biden and Trump present themselves, which can affect public perception, Jennifer Stromer-Galley, a professor at Syracuse University who researches campaigns, told McClatchy News. Brendan Rascius, Miami Herald, 13 Feb. 2024 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'substantial.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

First Known Use

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

Time Traveler
The first known use of substantial was in the 14th century

Dictionary Entries Near substantial

Cite this Entry

“Substantial.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/substantial. Accessed 1 Mar. 2024.

Kids Definition

substantial

adjective
sub·​stan·​tial səb-ˈstan-chəl How to pronounce substantial (audio)
1
a
: consisting of or relating to substance : material
b
: not imaginary : real
the substantial world
c
: important sense 1, essential
substantial differences
2
: enough to satisfy and nourish
a substantial meal
3
a
: prosperous sense 1
a substantial farmer
b
: considerable in quantity : significantly large
a substantial increase
4
: firmly constructed
a substantial building
substantiality noun
substantially adverb

Legal Definition

substantial

adjective
sub·​stan·​tial səb-ˈstan-chəl How to pronounce substantial (audio)
1
a
: of or relating to substance
b
: not illusory : having merit
failed to raise a substantial constitutional claim
c
: having importance or significance : material
a substantial step had not been taken toward commission of the crimeW. R. LaFave and A. W. Scott, Jr.
2
: considerable in quantity : significantly great
identification of serious and substantial failure to performU.S. Code
compare de minimis
substantiality noun
substantially adverb

More from Merriam-Webster on substantial

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