stemma

noun
stem·​ma | \ ˈste-mə How to pronounce stemma (audio) \
plural stemmata\ ˈste-​mə-​tə How to pronounce stemmata (audio) \

Definition of stemma

1 : a simple eye present in some insects
2 : a scroll (as among the ancient Romans) containing a genealogical list
3 : a tree showing the relationships of the manuscripts of a literary work

Other Words from stemma

stemmatic \ ste-​ˈma-​tik How to pronounce stemmatic (audio) , stə-​ \ adjective

First Known Use of stemma

1826, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for stemma

Latin, wreath, pedigree (from the wreaths placed on ancestral images), from Greek, wreath, from stephein to crown, enwreathe

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The first known use of stemma was in 1826

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