shig·​el·​lo·​sis ˌshi-gə-ˈlō-səs How to pronounce shigellosis (audio)
plural shigelloses ˌshi-gə-ˈlō-ˌsēz How to pronounce shigellosis (audio)
: dysentery caused by shigellae

Examples of shigellosis in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Severe shigellosis can spread into the blood, which can be life-threatening. Lena H. Sun,, 25 Feb. 2023 In the past, shigellosis has predominantly affected children under 4. Lena H. Sun,, 25 Feb. 2023 Shigella is a bacteria that causes shigellosis, an intestinal infection. Catherine Garcia, The Week, 16 Mar. 2023 Who gets shigellosis? The Enquirer, 20 Mar. 2023 Late last year, an outbreak of shigellosis — which can cause fever, stomach cramps and diarrhea — also brought back shuddering memories of how hepatitis A spread through, and beyond, the region’s homeless population in 2016-18, killing 20 people and hospitalizing hundreds. San Diego Union-Tribune, 6 Feb. 2022 For eleven diseases - adenovirus infection, measles, Q fever, aseptic viral meningitis, enterovirus infection, gastroenteritis, typhoid fever, tularaemia, hantavirus infection, hepatitis A and shigellosis - outbreaks in the human population were significantly correlated to the NAO monthly index. Rebecca Kreston, Discover Magazine, 8 May 2013 While antibiotics are used to treat severe cases of shigellosis, there’s no specific medicine for norovirus. Mira Miller, Verywell Health, 21 Mar. 2023 Symptoms of shigellosis include diarrhea, which can be bloody and last for more than three days, as well as fever and stomach pain. Catherine Garcia, The Week, 16 Mar. 2023

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'shigellosis.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History


New Latin

First Known Use

1944, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of shigellosis was in 1944

Dictionary Entries Near shigellosis

Cite this Entry

“Shigellosis.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 22 May. 2024.

Medical Definition


shig·​el·​lo·​sis ˌshig-ə-ˈlō-səs How to pronounce shigellosis (audio)
plural shigelloses -ˈlō-ˌsēz How to pronounce shigellosis (audio)
: infection with or dysentery caused by bacteria of the genus Shigella

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