shi·​gel·​la | \ shi-ˈge-lə How to pronounce shigella (audio) \
plural shigellae\ shi-​ˈge-​(ˌ)lē How to pronounce shigellae (audio) , -​(ˌ)lī \ also shigellas

Definition of shigella

1 : any of a genus (Shigella) of nonmotile enterobacteria that cause dysenteries in animals and especially humans — see enterobacterium illustration

Examples of shigella in a Sentence

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About 100 people attended the birthday party, and more may still get sick, as symptoms of shigella can take one to three days to show up after someone is infected, Communicable Disease Control director Carmel Clements said. Jane Wester, charlotteobserver, "Dozens sick after eating food contaminated with feces at potluck birthday party," 2 July 2018 Sokalski said the organisms doctors are most concerned about this time of year are salmonella, shigella, campylobacter jejuni, E.coli 0157:H7 and norovirus. Donna Vickroy, Daily Southtown, "Raw meat, unwashed produce and contaminated kitchen towels can lead to food poisoning," 20 June 2018 Also, while the most common symptoms of food poisoning include vomiting and diarrhea, several organisms — shigella, Yersinia and Clostridium perfringens — only cause diarrhea, and a severe infection with Listeria monocytogenes involves mainly fever. New York Times, "How to Minimize the Risk of Food Poisoning," 28 May 2018 In addition to strains of E. coli and C. diff that can cause gastrointestinal infections, the researchers also found species of shigella and salmonella bacteria. Andrew Joseph, STAT, "Germs carried by New York’s mice are plentiful, and some have antibiotic-resistance genes," 17 Apr. 2018 The droppings showed that mice across the city carry numerous dangerous diseases including shigella, salmonella, clostridium difficile and leptospira, which cause fever and gastrointestinal distress in humans. Melanie Grayce West, WSJ, "Mice in New York Carry Rare and Dangerous Diseases, Study Finds," 17 Apr. 2018 Bloody diarrhea is more likely to be a symptom of some types of food poisoning because some bacteria, like shigella, can cause inflammatory changes in the intestines and lead to bleeding, but viruses are less likely to do so, Dr. Adalja explains. Korin Miller, SELF, "Food Poisoning vs. Stomach Flu: Signs, Symptoms, and Causes of Each," 19 Jan. 2018 At Harvard University, Jeffrey Way and Pamela Silver are working toward developing a harmless strain of salmonella to use as a vaccine against food poisoning from salmonella and E. coli, as well as the diarrhea-causing disease called shigella., "Scientists Build DNA From Scratch to Alter Life's Blueprint," 26 July 2017 Greenberg's initial research concentrated on the roles flies played in spreading diseases, especially shigella and salmonella. Graydon Megan,, "Bernard Greenberg, forensic entomologist who helped solve murders, dies at 95," 12 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'shigella.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of shigella

1937, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for shigella

New Latin, from Kiyoshi Shiga †1957 Japanese bacteriologist

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The first known use of shigella was in 1937

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shi·​gel·​la | \ shi-ˈgel-ə How to pronounce shigella (audio) \

Medical Definition of shigella

1 capitalized : a genus of nonmotile aerobic bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae that form acid but no gas on many carbohydrates and that cause dysenteries in animals and especially humans
2 plural shigellae\ -​ˌē How to pronounce shigellae (audio)\ also shigellas : any bacterium of the genus Shigella

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