shi·​gel·​la | \ shi-ˈge-lə How to pronounce shigella (audio) \
plural shigellae\ shi-​ˈge-​(ˌ)lē How to pronounce shigella (audio) , -​(ˌ)lī \ also shigellas

Definition of shigella

1 : any of a genus (Shigella) of nonmotile enterobacteria that cause dysenteries in animals and especially humans — see enterobacterium illustration

Examples of shigella in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Homeless encampments also can be breeding grounds for shigella. Gary Warth, San Diego Union-Tribune, 12 Oct. 2021 Levine has conducted human challenge trials for decades, using this approach on research into cholera, shigella, and malaria, among other diseases. Helen Branswell, STAT, 1 May 2020 Syphilis, gonorrhea, shigella and hepatitis C have all been on the rise in recent years., 20 June 2019 Strains of shigella spreading locally have also shown to be mostly resistant to the common antibiotics used to treat the disease., 20 June 2019 About 100 people attended the birthday party, and more may still get sick, as symptoms of shigella can take one to three days to show up after someone is infected, Communicable Disease Control director Carmel Clements said. Jane Wester, charlotteobserver, 2 July 2018 Sokalski said the organisms doctors are most concerned about this time of year are salmonella, shigella, campylobacter jejuni, E.coli 0157:H7 and norovirus. Donna Vickroy, Daily Southtown, 20 June 2018 Also, while the most common symptoms of food poisoning include vomiting and diarrhea, several organisms — shigella, Yersinia and Clostridium perfringens — only cause diarrhea, and a severe infection with Listeria monocytogenes involves mainly fever. New York Times, 28 May 2018 In addition to strains of E. coli and C. diff that can cause gastrointestinal infections, the researchers also found species of shigella and salmonella bacteria. Andrew Joseph, STAT, 17 Apr. 2018 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'shigella.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of shigella

1937, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for shigella

New Latin, from Kiyoshi Shiga †1957 Japanese bacteriologist

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The first known use of shigella was in 1937

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Cite this Entry

“Shigella.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 27 Jun. 2022.

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More Definitions for shigella


shi·​gel·​la | \ shi-ˈgel-ə How to pronounce shigella (audio) \

Medical Definition of shigella

1 capitalized : a genus of nonmotile aerobic bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae that form acid but no gas on many carbohydrates and that cause dysenteries in animals and especially humans
2 plural shigellae\ -​ˌē How to pronounce shigella (audio) \ also shigellas : any bacterium of the genus Shigella

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