shi·​gel·​la | \ shi-ˈge-lə How to pronounce shigella (audio) \
plural shigellae\ shi-​ˈge-​(ˌ)lē How to pronounce shigella (audio) , -​(ˌ)lī \ also shigellas

Definition of shigella

1 : any of a genus (Shigella) of nonmotile enterobacteria that cause dysenteries in animals and especially humans — see enterobacterium illustration

Examples of shigella in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Levine has conducted human challenge trials for decades, using this approach on research into cholera, shigella, and malaria, among other diseases. Helen Branswell, STAT, "Infect volunteers with Covid-19 in the name of research? A proposal lays bare a minefield of issues," 1 May 2020 Syphilis, gonorrhea, shigella and hepatitis C have all been on the rise in recent years., "Spike in Multnomah County HIV cases tied to drug use," 20 June 2019 Strains of shigella spreading locally have also shown to be mostly resistant to the common antibiotics used to treat the disease., "Spike in Multnomah County HIV cases tied to drug use," 20 June 2019 About 100 people attended the birthday party, and more may still get sick, as symptoms of shigella can take one to three days to show up after someone is infected, Communicable Disease Control director Carmel Clements said. Jane Wester, charlotteobserver, "Dozens sick after eating food contaminated with feces at potluck birthday party," 2 July 2018 Sokalski said the organisms doctors are most concerned about this time of year are salmonella, shigella, campylobacter jejuni, E.coli 0157:H7 and norovirus. Donna Vickroy, Daily Southtown, "Raw meat, unwashed produce and contaminated kitchen towels can lead to food poisoning," 20 June 2018 Also, while the most common symptoms of food poisoning include vomiting and diarrhea, several organisms — shigella, Yersinia and Clostridium perfringens — only cause diarrhea, and a severe infection with Listeria monocytogenes involves mainly fever. New York Times, "How to Minimize the Risk of Food Poisoning," 28 May 2018 In addition to strains of E. coli and C. diff that can cause gastrointestinal infections, the researchers also found species of shigella and salmonella bacteria. Andrew Joseph, STAT, "Germs carried by New York’s mice are plentiful, and some have antibiotic-resistance genes," 17 Apr. 2018 The droppings showed that mice across the city carry numerous dangerous diseases including shigella, salmonella, clostridium difficile and leptospira, which cause fever and gastrointestinal distress in humans. Melanie Grayce West, WSJ, "Mice in New York Carry Rare and Dangerous Diseases, Study Finds," 17 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'shigella.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of shigella

1937, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for shigella

New Latin, from Kiyoshi Shiga †1957 Japanese bacteriologist

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The first known use of shigella was in 1937

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Cite this Entry

“Shigella.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 1 Mar. 2021.

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shi·​gel·​la | \ shi-ˈgel-ə How to pronounce shigella (audio) \

Medical Definition of shigella

1 capitalized : a genus of nonmotile aerobic bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae that form acid but no gas on many carbohydrates and that cause dysenteries in animals and especially humans
2 plural shigellae\ -​ˌē How to pronounce shigella (audio) \ also shigellas : any bacterium of the genus Shigella

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