: any of a genus (Schistosoma) of elongated trematode worms with the sexes separate that parasitize the blood vessels of birds and mammals and cause a destructive human schistosomiasisbroadly: a worm of the family (Schistosomatidae) that includes this genus
Recent Examples on the WebAlso known as Snail Fever, the disease is caused by parasitic flatworms called schistosomes, which use aquatic snails as an intermediate host.
Lee H. Goldberg, Ars Technica, 10 May 2020 In addition to drug distribution, WHO emphasizes controlling the snails that incubate the parasitic schistosome worms.
Chelsea L. Wood, The Conversation, 17 Jan. 2020 People also got itchy rashes thanks to parasites called avian schistosomes, which usually infect birds and a specific species of snail.
Rachel Becker, The Verge, 29 June 2018
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borrowed from New Latin Schistosoma, genus name, from Greek schistós "split, divided" (verbal adjective of schízein "to split, separate") + -o--o- + New Latin -soma-some entry 3 — more at shed entry 1
The taxon was introduced by the German zoologist David Friedrich Weinland (1829-1915) as a revision of Bilharz's Distoma haematobium, in Human Cestoides: An Essay on the Tapeworms of Man (Cambridge, MA, 1858), p. 87. Weinland describes the formation of the name as follows: "Derived from σχιστός, divided, and σῶμα, body; the body of these Trematodes being, as it were, divided for the two sexes, while all the rest of this Order are hermaphrodites."